Art History Midterm India

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stpierrewm
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Art History Midterm India
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2014-10-22 08:51:17
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Art History Midterm
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    • Mohenjo-Daro
    • Harappan Civilization
    • Kiln-fired bricks

    • Grid of streets, super blocks
    • with larger streets connected to lanes
    • Sewage, water, hygienic
    • facilities
    • 2 story apartments
    • Walled citadel with great bath, granary
    • Indus valley seal impressions
    • Steatite (stone)


    • Glyphic impressions found
    • typically of animals (bulls, elephants, tigers, rhinoceroses)
    • Boss on back had a string
    • attached to it to hang on the wall
    • Most likely used for trade
    • Some indicate roots of yogi
    • position
    • Harappan Male Torso
    • Red Sandstone

    More naturalistic, nude male
    • Female figure holding a fly whisk
    • Maurya Period
    • Highly polished sandstone

    • Theravada Buddhism
    • Yakshi-Nature spirit often
    • associated with water, productivity, fertility, abundance
    • Voluptuous and sensual
    • Not lustful, but rather
    • fertile and abundant
    • When she touches a tree, sap
    • flows out
    • Headdress similar to male
    • Cascading cloth
    • Yaksha (male) gets together
    • with Yakshi in Mithuna
  1. Ashokan Pillar
    Maurya Period


    • Theravada Buddhism
    • Carved at important
    • pilgrimage sites
    • Contain important edicts
    • Cosmological access points
    • The lion on the top
    • symbolizes Buddha's roar and scope
    • Situated on lotus
    • blossom=Buddha and his teachings and their purity 











    • Carved at important
    • pilgrimage sites
    • Contain important edicts
    • Cosmological access points
    • The lion on the top
    • symbolizes Buddha's roar and scope
    • Situated on lotus
    • blossom=Buddha and his teachings and their purity
    • Lion Capital at Sarnath
    • Maurya Period
    • Sandstone
    • Theravada Buddhism

    • Located at Deer Park where
    • Buddha's first teaching ocurred
    • Naturalistic lions, deep
    • carving for easy viewing
    • Wheel of law, wheel of life,
    • sun
    • 4 lions = 4 great rivers of
    • the world
    • Polished copper disk above
    • lions=sun
    • Great Stupa at Sanchi
    • Shunga Dynasty
    • Stone
    • Theravada Buddhism

    • Begun by Ashoka
    • Mandala (plan) makes a
    • swastika
    • Gates at entrances take
    • visitors into realm--leave temporal behind

    • Vedika-stone railing looks like
    • wood (octagon vertical lens horizontal)

    Torana-gate

    • Yasti-mast with 3 chattras
    • (teachings, laws, shading rulers)

    Harmmika-square fence around top

    • Mandala-circular plan w/ swastika
    • (symbol peace, fortune)

    • Anda-Dome on circular base
    • The eastern torana

    • 3 crossbars on two pillars
    • Intricate carving b/c
    • artisans carved ivory

    • No images of Buddha, rather
    • symbols of him
    • Yakshi Figure
    • Shunga Dynasty
    • Sandstone
    • Theravada Buddhism


    • Leaning out seductively from
    • pillar, supporting its weight and hanging onto mango tree
    • Fruit shaped like vaginas
    • Wears bangles, wears a skirt
    • that is practically nonexistent
    • Voluptuous, exaggerated pose
    • (S curve), Indian style
    • Chaitya Hall at Karle
    • Shunga Dynasty
    • Stone
    • Theravada Buddhism

    • Rock cut halls with a small
    • stupa
    • Monastic complex made with
    • donations
    • Monks live in viharas-cells carved into wall
    • They only deduct, they don't
    • add material
    • Two stone columns on either
    • side
    • Horseshoe shaped window
    • Ornamented columns w/
    • inverted lotus blossom  supporting
    • Yakshi, Yaksha (methuna), and elephants
    • Chatra umbrella at top of stupa in
    • the end
    • Standing Buddha at Gandhara
    • Gandhara style
    • Stone

    • Mahayana Buddhism
    • Western influence,
    • hellenistic style of drapery
    • Facial features are more
    • ideally western with eyebrows that recall earlier statues. Facial
    • expression is very stern
    • Knotted, very stylized hair
    • similar to Greco Roman
    • Seated Buddha Preaching his First Sermon
    • Sarnath Style
    • Tan Sandstone
    • Mahayana Buddhism

    • Incorporates teaching,
    • passion, transcendence, of Buddha into one sculpture
    • Mandarla and halo in the back
    • (very detailed and ornamental) are in contrast with the very simple figure
    • in the foreground
    • Lips almost blend in with
    • face adding to peacefulness and harmony of work
    • Figures below surround wheel
    • of teaching and face us
    • Lions are very stylistic and
    • flank the Buddha
    • Ajanta Cave Bodhisattva 
    • Sarnath Style
    • Mahayana Buddhism

    • Blue lotus flower, clothing
    • and jewels indicate significance
    • Bamiyan Colossal Buddha
    • Gupta and Mathura
    • Mahayana Buddhism

    • 180' high
    • Buddhas that could be seen
    • from afar in fertile valley
    • Taliban blew it up
    • Tunnels behind contained
    • murals and cells
    • Vishnu Temple of Deogarh
    • Hindu
    • Gupta Style

    • Doorway is sacred, only
    • priests can go inside but worshipper came up to doorway
    • Doorway had elaborate
    • carvings of deity
    • Vishnu on the Cosmic Waters
    • Gupta
    • Hindu

    • Dreaming world into creation
    • Figures on bottom try to thwart him
    • Temple of Shiva at Elephanta
    • Hindu
    • Gupta

    • Minoan capitals
    • Lingam (male) yoni (female)
    • Dharmaraja Ratha
    • Early Southern Temple
    • Hindu
    • Rajaraja Temple
    • Southern Temple
    • Hindu

    Raja Raja Chola built for himself
    • Kandaryia Mahadeva Temple
    • Hindu
    • Southern Temple
    • Dancing Shiva
    • Gupta Style
    • Bronze


    • Dancing world into existence
    • Stomping on dwarf of illusion
  2. Sikri.jpg
    • Akbar Inspecting the construction of Fatehpur
    • Introduction to Mughal Art 

    • Shows Akbar as benevolent
    • Shows animals, people, equipment
    • Mughal Art
    • Taj Mahal

    • Shah Jahan for wife Mumtaz
    • Mosque in red sandstone
    • Pietra Dura
  3. x
    • Borobudur
    • Indonesia
    • Buddhist

    • 3D mandala
    • 3 sections--earthly, celestial, formless (stupa)
    • Angkor Wat
    • Cambodia
    • Dedicated to Vishnu, Hindu
    • Khmer Empire
    • Diwan-I-Khas
    • Mughal Art

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