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What are the two main types of syllabus?
- 1) Product Oriented
- 2) Process Oriented
What are the characteristics of a product oriented syllabus?
focus on what students will know as a result of the course
What are the different types of product-oriented syllabi?
- 1) Grammatical
- 2) Funcional/Notional
- 3) Lexical
What are the different types of process-oriented syllabi?
- 1) Task-based
- 2) Learner centred (learner training/lifelong learner)
What are the characteristics of a process oriented syllabus?
focus on how students achieve the outcomes
Which type of syllabus should be used?
A mixture of both
What to do before writing a syllabus?
Analyse teaching situation and learner group
What does the teaching situation entail?
- 1) Assessment type - external?
- 2) How many students?
- 3) What resources in class?
- 4) How regular will the classes be?
- 5) How much material should you cover?
- 6) Will the syllabus be based around a course book?
Who should you consult during the syllabus design?
Teachers and heads of depts
What learner needs should you analyse prior to writing the syllabus?
- 1) Age
- 2) Level
- 3) Interests
- 4) Reasons for learning
What informs the learning objectives?
Teaching situation and learner needs
What form might syllabus objectives take?
What oppoistions do you need to account for in the syllabus?
- 1) balance of skills v grammar and vocab
- 2) new language v practice opportunities (one third to two thirds)
What else should you account for in a syllabus?
- Outcomes - make sure you know what learners need to be able to do by the end of the course
- suitability of topics - issues of cultural sensitivity? Boring?
Other things to include in the syllabus?
- 1) Independent skills training (dictionary, vocab recording etc.)
- 2) Space - leave blank space to cater for individ teacher and learner styles
- 3) Homework
What to do when syllabus has been written?
- 1) Pilot it and get feedback from teachers and learners
- 2) Disseminate it
- 3) Provide training in how to use it
- 4) Encourage feedback and modify where necessary
What would you like to do?
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