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What are the two main types of syllabus?
1) Product Oriented
2) Process Oriented
What are the characteristics of a product oriented syllabus?
focus on what students will know as a result of the course
What are the different types of product-oriented syllabi?
What are the different types of process-oriented syllabi?
2) Learner centred (learner training/lifelong learner)
What are the characteristics of a process oriented syllabus?
focus on how students achieve the outcomes
Which type of syllabus should be used?
A mixture of both
What to do before writing a syllabus?
Analyse teaching situation and learner group
What does the teaching situation entail?
1) Assessment type - external?
2) How many students?
3) What resources in class?
4) How regular will the classes be?
5) How much material should you cover?
6) Will the syllabus be based around a course book?
Who should you consult during the syllabus design?
Teachers and heads of depts
What learner needs should you analyse prior to writing the syllabus?
4) Reasons for learning
What informs the learning objectives?
Teaching situation and learner needs
What form might syllabus objectives take?
What oppoistions do you need to account for in the syllabus?
1) balance of skills v grammar and vocab
2) new language v practice opportunities (one third to two thirds)
What else should you account for in a syllabus?
Outcomes - make sure you know what learners need to be able to do by the end of the course
suitability of topics - issues of cultural sensitivity? Boring?
Other things to include in the syllabus?
1) Independent skills training (dictionary, vocab recording etc.)
2) Space - leave blank space to cater for individ teacher and learner styles
What to do when syllabus has been written?
1) Pilot it and get feedback from teachers and learners
2) Disseminate it
3) Provide training in how to use it
4) Encourage feedback and modify where necessary