Music History Chapter 30 The birth of opera

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  1. fundamental premise of opera
    sung music can heighten the emotional intensity of a dramatic text

    operao = full drama set to music
  2. libretto
    • the text that conveys the story of the opera
    • written in poetic verse
  3. Gabrieli
    • wrote for Oedipus rex
    • only chorus's sung
  4. Mei
    • wrote for oedipus rex
    • all parts of greek tragedy = sung
  5. Galilei
    • = temperment
    • new style of solo singing
    • single melody follows speech
  6. Stile rappresentativo
    vocal expresseion b/w song and speech

    pitchs/rhythms of voice match rhythms/accents/sentiments of text
  7. Camerata
    song+speech +simple accompaniment
  8. First opera
    • Dafne
    • by Peri and Rinuccini
    • florence
    • 1958
    • fragments
    • Small orchestration
  9. L'euridice
    • one by Pere (+melodious and lyrical)
    • one by Caccini (+dramatic, +voices, +rhythmic)

    both = earliest surviving complete opera
  10. Recitative style
    • musically heightened speech
    • invented by Peri
    • speech song halfway b/w oratory and song
    • basso continuo held
  11. Monteverdi
    • speech
    • +flowing melodies

    • Orfeo = first to win public acclaim (conductor)
    • use of full orch, brass, woodwinds, specified when/where, inst interludes
    • use of mythological stories w/ flowing melodies = groundbreaking
  12. Monody
    • solo singer w/ basso continuo
    • strophic mostly
    • music represents dif situations, emotions, types of speech
  13. center of operatic devel
  14. Early opera in Venice, 1st public theatre (1637)
    Led to what imp changes?
    • +stardom/wealth
    • composers tailor to stars
    • librettists tailor to audience
    • Elaborate sets/staging
  15. Le nuove musiche (1602)
    • Caccini = 1st to describe early baroque vocal ornaments
    • 1st composer to write ornaments directly in score
  16. Arioso style
    style of singing halfway b/w recitative and full-blown Aria
  17. Aria
    song, ayre, more florid, expansive, melodious than a recitative or arioso

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Music History Chapter 30 The birth of opera
2014-10-22 02:39:32

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