Organic Chem Chap 8 10 11 12

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Ankoku-Bara
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286615
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Organic Chem Chap 8 10 11 12
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2014-10-25 01:57:55
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Chap 10 11 12
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Organic Chem chapters 8, 10, 11, 12
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  1. Acid
    • Produce H+
    • Donate H+ (Protons)
    • Electrolytes
    • Sour
    • Stings
    • Turns litmus paper red
    • Neutralizes Bases
    • HCl, Vinegar, Citric
  2. Base
    • Produce OH-
    • Accepts H(Protons)
    • Electrolytes
    • Bitter
    • Slippery
    • Turns Blue
    • Neutralizes acids
    • NaOH, Baking Soda, Drugs
  3. Ate = ?
    Ic
  4. Ite = ?
    Ous
  5. Bronsted - Lowry for Acids
    Donates a proton. Proton + (+) Particle, H+
  6. Bronsted - Lowry for Bases
    Accepts a protons when dissolved in "another" substance
  7. H3O+ = ?
    Hydronium Ion
  8. Amphoteric Substance
    Can act like an acid or a base depending on what it is reacting with.
  9. Conjugated Acid
    • A new acid made in reaction
    • Make conjugated bases
  10. Conjugated Base
    A new base made in a chem reaction
  11. Strong Acids
    • HCl = Hydrocloric acid
    • HBr = Hydrobromic acid
    • HI = Hydroiodic acid
    • H2SO= Sulfuric acid
    • HNO= Nitric Acid
    • HClO4 = Percholoric Acid
  12. Strong Bases
    • LiOH = Lithium Hydroxide
    • NaOH = Sodium Hydroxide
    • KOH = Potassium Hydroxide
    • Ca(OH)= Calcium Hydroxide
    • Sr(OH)2 = Strontium Hydroxide
    • Ba(OH)2 = Barium Hydroxide
  13. Kw = ?
    1.0 x 10-14 M2
  14. [H3O+] = Larger ->
    Acidic
  15. [OH-] = Larger -> ?
    Basic
  16. [H3O+] = [OH-] ->
    Neutral
  17. pH = ?
    -Log [H3O+]
  18. Sig Fig rules for pH
    # Sf in conc = # places after decimal in pH
  19. Stable pH
    7.35 - 7.45
  20. Organic
    • Contains C, H. Sometimes O, S, N, or Cl (F, Br I) "CHONS"
    • Particles: Molecules
    • Bonding: Mostly Covalent
    • Polarity: Nonpolar, unless a strongly electronegative atom is present
    • Melting point: Usually low
    • Boiling point: Usually low
    • Flammability: High
    • Solubility in water: Not soluble, unless a polar group is present.
  21. Alkanes end with ?
    Ane - Contains a single bond
  22. Expanded Structure
  23. Chemical Formula = ?
    Molecular Formula
  24. CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH3
    Condensed structure
  25. CH3-(CH2)3-CH3
    "Condensed" Condensed structure
  26. Skeletal formula or Geometric formula
  27. CH3 -
    Methyl
  28. CH3 - CH2 -
    Ethyl
  29. CH3 - CH2 - CH2 -
    Propyl
  30. l
    CH3 - CH - CH3
    Isopropyl
  31. F-
    Fluoro
  32. Cl -
    Choloro
  33. Br -
    Bromo
  34. I -
    Iodo
  35. (IUPAC) 1
    Meth
  36. (IUPCA) 2
    Eth
  37. (IUPAC) 3
    Prop
  38. (IUPAC) 4
    But
  39. (IUPAC) 5
    Pent
  40. (IUPAC) 6
    Hex
  41. (IUPAC) 7
    Hept
  42. (IUPAC) 8
    Oct
  43. (IUPAC) 9
    Non
  44. (IUPAC) 9
    Non
  45. (IUPAC) 10
    Dec
  46. Isometers
    Same molecular equation  - Different arrangement
  47. Ene
    4 H. Max # H unsaturated
  48. Ane
    6 H. Max # H Saturated Hydro-carbon
  49. Yne
    Max # H unsaturated

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