Card Set Information
sociology soc culture test markingperiodone sen
Sociobiology is a mix of...
Hard and soft sciences
Criticisms of Sociobiology
Too much variation
joins together the ideas if modern genetics with Darwin's theory of natural selection
A cultural trait that is present in all cultures such as rules for etiquette
A segment of a culture that differs from that culture in some distinct recognizable ways
A norm that has moral component and which members of a society are expected to follow.
Strictly enforced rule of behavior that when violated calls for strong punishment
Refers to judging other people and groups according to the standards and values of ones own culture.
A thing that stands for something else.
Idea about what kind of behavior is desirable and good that is shared by the people in a society.
Method of rewarding or punishing individuals in order to encourage them to obey norms.
Territory that is lived in by a group of people who share the same culture.
When a norm is formally defined and enforced by officials such as a police officers
Automatic response to a stimulus such as blinking when a ball comes at you
Idea about the nature of reality
Inherited impulse such as drinking when thirsty.
Customs, knowledge, values,and physical objects that are shared by those who are members of particular society.
Innate (unlearned) patterns of behavior
Hypothesis of Linguistic Relativity
Theory stating that our idea of reality depends largely upon language.
Rules of defining appropriate and inappropriate behavior
Norms that lack moral significance
Sanctions imposed by persons given special authority.
Rewards or punishments that can be applied by most members of a group.
Ideas, Knowledge and beliefs that influence peoples behavior
Concrete, tangible objects of a culture.
Culture guidelines that group members claim to accept
Actual behavior patterns of members of a group.
Groupings of persons who share a social characteristics.
Group that is part of the dominant culture but that differs from it in some important respects.
Subculture deliberately and consciously opposed to certain central beliefs or attitudes of the dominant culture
Ways in which a culture expresses universal traits
Africans and Polynesians have no words for a singular all powerful God"Es tut mir leid" - "It pains me" Sorry in GermanChristian missionaries find no word for sin in China
Exposure to other languages
What can increase our understanding of the world?
Failure to give up your seat to a woman on a crowded train may not draw any reaction today
Obnoxious behavior in a movie theater during the course of the film may draw quite a reaction
Incest is an example of...
The 3 Main types of norms:
Both positive and negative
Both formal and informal sanctions can be...
Diploma vs. Getting detention
Achievement and Success
Activity and work
Efficiency and Practicality
Basic American Values
Process used in the Mid-West by midwives substituting for rural doctors involving pepper into a mother's nose to help deliver their child quicker
Ideal vs. Real Culture
Saying you're going to do homework once you get home, but then you do your homework at like 1:30 in the morning
Subculture (They're accepted in society)
Amish and Chinese people
Women being responsible for child care in the U.S.
Cultural change by
Finding something that already exists
Cultural change by
Value of female athletes in 20th century
Men watching football with the girls
Creation of something new
Borrowing aspects of culture from other cultures
Tacos, pizza, hamburgers...