Cell Growth and Division

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treats101
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286732
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Cell Growth and Division
Updated:
2014-10-22 23:10:38
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Biology
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study biology
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  1. The life cycle of a cell; in eukaryotes, it consists of a cell-growth period in which DNA is synthesized and a cell-division period in which mitosis takes place
    Cell Cycle
  2. In eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes
    Mitosis
  3. The division of the cytoplasm of a cell; cytokinesis follows the division of the cells nucleus by mitosis or meiosis
    Cytokinesis
  4. Cell structures found in animal cells that help indicate the development of the spindle for mitosis
    Centrioles
  5. A network of microtubules which appears during mitosis; it helps guide the chromatids to the end of the cell
    Spindle
  6. In a eukaryotic cell one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA and protein; in a prokaryotic cell the main ring of DNA any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
    Chromosome
  7. Part of the cell cycle which consists of the period between two mitotic or meiotic divisions during which the cell grows, copies its DNA and synthesizes proteins
    Interphase
  8. The process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells
    Cell Division
  9. One of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
    Chromatid
  10. Area where the chromatids of the chromosome are attached
    Centromere
  11. First and longest phase of mitosis where chromosomes become visible
    Prophase
  12. Second phase of mitosis where chromosomes line up across the center of the cell
    metaphase
  13. Third phase of mitosis where the centromeres   split, allowing the sister chromatids to separate and become individual chromosomes. This phase ends when chromosomes stop moving
    Anaphase
  14. The fourth and final phase of mitosis where the chromosomes begin to disperse into a tangle of dense material.  A nuclear envelope re-forms around each cluster of chromosomes
    telophase
  15. One of a family of closely related proteins that regulates the cell cycle in eukaryotic cells
    Cyclin
  16. A tumor in which the cells begin dividing at an uncontrolled rate and become invasive
    Cancer
  17. Vascular tissue that carries water upward from the roots in every part of a plant
    Xylem
  18. Vascular tissue responsible for the transport of nutrients and the carbohydrates produced by photosynthesis
    Phloem
  19. Tissue that covers the surface or the body and lines internal organs
    Epithelial
  20. Layer of tall column-shaped cells just under the upper epidermis of a leaf
    Palisade Cells
  21. Opening in the underside of a leaf that allows carbon dioxide and oxygen to diffuse into and out of the leaf
    Stomata
  22. Specialized cell in the epidermis of plants that controls the opening and closing of stomata by responding to changes in water pressure
    Guard Cells

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