COM 100 Test 2 Vocab

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COM 100 Test 2 Vocab
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COM 100 Test 2 Vocab
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  1. Diaspora
    group of immigrants, sojourners, slaves, or strangers living in new lands while retaining strong attachments to their homelands.
  2. Intercultural Communication
    communication that occurs in interactions between people who are culturally different.
  3. Culture
    learned patterns of perceptions, values, and behaviors shared by a group of people.
  4. Mediation
    peaceful third-party intervention
  5. Heterogeneous
    Diverse
  6. Border Dwellers
    People who live between cultures and often experience contradictory cultural patterns.
  7. Voluntary short-term travelers
    people who are border dwellers by choice and for a limited time, such as study abroad students or corporate personnel.
  8. Voluntary long-term travelers
    people who are border dwellers by choice and for an extended time, such as immigrants.
  9. Involuntary short-term travellers
    people who are border dwellers not by choice and only for a limited time, such as refugees forced to move.
  10. Involuntary long-term travellers
    people who are border dwellers permanently but not by choice, such as those who relocate to escape war.
  11. Culture shock
    a feeling of disorientation and discomfort due to the lack of familiar environmental cues
  12. Reverse culture shock/reentry shock
    culture shock experienced by travelers upon returning to their home country.
  13. Encapsulated marginal people
    People who feel disintegrated by having to shift cultures.
  14. Constructive marginal people
    People who thrive in a border-dweller life, while recognizing its tremendous challenges.
  15. Cultural values
    Beliefs that are so central to a cultural group that they are never questioned.
  16. Individualistic orientation
    A value orientation that respects the autonomy and independence of individuals.
  17. Collectivistic orientation
    A value orientation that stresses the needs of the group.
  18. Preferred personality
    A value orientation that expresses whether it is more important for a person “to do” or “to be”.
  19. View of human nature
    A value orientation that expresses whether humans are fundamentally good, evil, or a mixture.
  20. Human nature value orientation
    The perceived relationship between humans and nature.
  21. Power distance
    A value orientation that refers to the extent to which less powerful members of institutions and organizations within a culture expect and accept an unequal distribution of power.
  22. Long-term vs. short-term orientation
    The dimension of a society’s value orientation that reflects its value toward virtue or truth.
  23. Short-term orientation
    A value orientation that stresses the importance of possessing one fundamental truth.
  24. Monotheistic
    Belief in one God.
  25. Long-term orientation
    A value orientation in which people stress the importance of virtue.
  26. Polytheistic
    Belief in more than one God.
  27. Dialectic approach
    Recognizes that things need not be perceived as “either/or”, but may be seen as “both/and”.
  28. Dichotomous thinking
    Thinking in which things are perceived as “either/or”, for example, “good or bad”, “big or small”, “right or wrong.”
  29. Cocultural group
    A significant minority group within a dominant majority that does not share dominant group values or communication patterns.
  30. Attraction Theory
    A theory that explains the primary forces that draw people together.
  31. Proximity
    How physically close one is to others.
  32. Attractiveness
    The appeal one person has for another, based on physical appearance, personalities, and/or behavior.
  33. Matching hypothesis
    The tendency to develop relationships with people who are as approximately attractive as we are.
  34. Similarity
    Degree to which people share the same values, interests and background.
  35. Social Penetration Theory
    A theory that proposes that relationships develop through increases in self-disclosure.
  36. Uncertainty Reduction Theory
    A theory that argues relationship development is facilitated or derailed by participants’ efforts to reduce their uncertainty about each other.
  37. Predicted Outcome Theory
    A theory that attempts to explain how reducing uncertainty can lead to attraction or repulsion.
  38. Knapp’s Stage Model
    Model of relationship development that views relationships as occurring in “stages” and that focuses on how people communicate as relationships develop and decline.
  39. Initiating
    Stage of romantic relational development in which both people behave so as to appear pleasant and likeable.
  40. Experimenting
    Stage of romantic relational development in which both people seek to learn about each other.
  41. Intensifying
    Stage of romantic relational development in which both people seek to increase intimacy and connectedness.
  42. Bonding
    Stage of romantic relational development characterized by public commitment.
  43. Relational Trajectory Models
    Relationship development models that view relationship development as more variable than do stage models.
  44. Turning Point Model
    A model of relationship development in which couples move both toward and away from commitment over the course of their relationship.
  45. Relationship maintenance
    Behaviors that couples perform to help maintain their relationships.
  46. Passing away
    The process by which relationships decline over time.
  47. Sudden death
    The process by which relationships end without prior warning for at least one participant.
  48. Withdrawal/avoidance
    A friendship termination strategy in which friends spend less time together, don’t return phone calls, and avoid places where they are likely to see each other.
  49. Machiavellian tactics
    having a third party convey one’s unhappiness about a relationship.
  50. Deception
    Concealment, distortion, or lying in communication.
  51. Truth bias
    The tendency to not suspect one’s intimates of deception.
  52. Jealousy
    A complex and often painful emotion that occurs when a person perceives a threat to an existing relationship.
  53. Interpersonal violence
    Physical violence against a partner or child.
  54. Sexual coercion
    Physically nonviolent pressure to engage in unwanted sex.
  55. Homogeneity
    A high degree of similarity.
  56. Hurtful messages
    Messages that criticize, tease, reject, or otherwise cause an emotional injury to another.
  57. Grouphate
    The distance and aversion people feel toward working in groups.
  58. Primary groups
    Groups that provide members with a sense of belonging and affection.
  59. Secondary groups
    Groups that meet principally to solve problems.
  60. Social facilitation
    The tendency for people to work harder and do better when other people are around.
  61. Small group communication
    communication among a small number of people who share a common purpose or goal, who feel connected to each other, and who coordinate their behavior.
  62. Group roles
    The shared expectations group members have regarding each individual’s communication behavior in the group.
  63. Task roles
    Roles that are directly related to the accomplishment of group goals.
  64. Relational roles
    Roles that help establish a group’s social atmosphere.
  65. Individual roles
    Roles that focus more on individual’s own interests and needs than on those of the group.
  66. Strategic communication
    Communication that is purpose directed.
  67. Trait theory
    Leadership theory that suggests leaders are born.
  68. Functional (situational) theory
    A theory that assumes leadership behaviors can be learned.
  69. Shared (collaborative or distributed) leadership
    A type of leadership style where functional leadership is extended to an organizational level; all members are equal partners and share responsibility for the work of the group.
  70. Style theory
    Theory that asserts that a leader’s manner or style determines his or her success.
  71. Authoritarian leader
    leader who takes charge, makes all the decisions, and dictates strategies and work tasks.
  72. Democratic leader
    leader whose style is characterized by considerable input from group members.
  73. Laissez-faire
    a leadership style characterized by complete freedom for the group in making decisions.
  74. Transformational leadership
    a leadership style that empowers group members to work independently from the leader by encouraging group cohesion.
  75. Charismatic leadership
    A leadership style in which extremely self-confident leaders inspire unusual dedication to themselves by relying on their strong personalities and charm.
  76. Servant leadership
    A leadership style that seeks to ensure that other people’s highest priority needs are being served in order to increase teamwork and personal involvement.
  77. Analysis paralysis
    potential pitfall in small group interaction; occurs when excessive analysis prevents a group from moving toward a solution.
  78. Brainstorm
    To generate as many ideas as possible without critiquing them.
  79. Primary tension
    The uncertainty commonly felt in the beginning phase of decision making.
  80. Secondary (recurring) tension
    Conflict or tension found in the second or conflict phase of the decision-making process.
  81. Emergence phase
    The third phase of the decision-making process; occurs when group members express a cooperative attitude.
  82. Reinforcement phase
    The final phase of the decision-making process when group members reach consensus, and members feel a sense of accomplishment.
  83. Groupthink
    A negative, and potentially disastrous, group process characterized by “excessive concurrence thinking.”
  84. Group processes
    The methods, including communication, by which a group accomplishes a task.

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