COM 100 Test 2 Vocab
Card Set Information
COM 100 Test 2 Vocab
COM 100 Test Vocab
COM 100 Test 2 Vocab
COM 100 Test 2 Vocab
group of immigrants, sojourners, slaves, or strangers living in new lands while retaining strong attachments to their homelands.
communication that occurs in interactions between people who are culturally different.
learned patterns of perceptions, values, and behaviors shared by a group of people.
peaceful third-party intervention
People who live between cultures and often experience contradictory cultural patterns.
Voluntary short-term travelers
people who are border dwellers by choice and for a limited time, such as study abroad students or corporate personnel.
Voluntary long-term travelers
people who are border dwellers by choice and for an extended time, such as immigrants.
Involuntary short-term travellers
people who are border dwellers not by choice and only for a limited time, such as refugees forced to move.
Involuntary long-term travellers
people who are border dwellers permanently but not by choice, such as those who relocate to escape war.
a feeling of disorientation and discomfort due to the lack of familiar environmental cues
Reverse culture shock/reentry shock
culture shock experienced by travelers upon returning to their home country.
Encapsulated marginal people
People who feel disintegrated by having to shift cultures.
Constructive marginal people
People who thrive in a border-dweller life, while recognizing its tremendous challenges.
Beliefs that are so central to a cultural group that they are never questioned.
A value orientation that respects the autonomy and independence of individuals.
A value orientation that stresses the needs of the group.
A value orientation that expresses whether it is more important for a person “to do” or “to be”.
View of human nature
A value orientation that expresses whether humans are fundamentally good, evil, or a mixture.
Human nature value orientation
The perceived relationship between humans and nature.
A value orientation that refers to the extent to which less powerful members of institutions and organizations within a culture expect and accept an unequal distribution of power.
Long-term vs. short-term orientation
The dimension of a society’s value orientation that reflects its value toward virtue or truth.
A value orientation that stresses the importance of possessing one fundamental truth.
Belief in one God.
A value orientation in which people stress the importance of virtue.
Belief in more than one God.
Recognizes that things need not be perceived as “either/or”, but may be seen as “both/and”.
Thinking in which things are perceived as “either/or”, for example, “good or bad”, “big or small”, “right or wrong.”
A significant minority group within a dominant majority that does not share dominant group values or communication patterns.
A theory that explains the primary forces that draw people together.
How physically close one is to others.
The appeal one person has for another, based on physical appearance, personalities, and/or behavior.
The tendency to develop relationships with people who are as approximately attractive as we are.
Degree to which people share the same values, interests and background.
Social Penetration Theory
A theory that proposes that relationships develop through increases in self-disclosure.
Uncertainty Reduction Theory
A theory that argues relationship development is facilitated or derailed by participants’ efforts to reduce their uncertainty about each other.
Predicted Outcome Theory
A theory that attempts to explain how reducing uncertainty can lead to attraction or repulsion.
Knapp’s Stage Model
Model of relationship development that views relationships as occurring in “stages” and that focuses on how people communicate as relationships develop and decline.
Stage of romantic relational development in which both people behave so as to appear pleasant and likeable.
Stage of romantic relational development in which both people seek to learn about each other.
Stage of romantic relational development in which both people seek to increase intimacy and connectedness.
Stage of romantic relational development characterized by public commitment.
Relational Trajectory Models
Relationship development models that view relationship development as more variable than do stage models.
Turning Point Model
A model of relationship development in which couples move both toward and away from commitment over the course of their relationship.
Behaviors that couples perform to help maintain their relationships.
The process by which relationships decline over time.
The process by which relationships end without prior warning for at least one participant.
A friendship termination strategy in which friends spend less time together, don’t return phone calls, and avoid places where they are likely to see each other.
having a third party convey one’s unhappiness about a relationship.
Concealment, distortion, or lying in communication.
The tendency to not suspect one’s intimates of deception.
A complex and often painful emotion that occurs when a person perceives a threat to an existing relationship.
Physical violence against a partner or child.
Physically nonviolent pressure to engage in unwanted sex.
A high degree of similarity.
Messages that criticize, tease, reject, or otherwise cause an emotional injury to another.
The distance and aversion people feel toward working in groups.
Groups that provide members with a sense of belonging and affection.
Groups that meet principally to solve problems.
The tendency for people to work harder and do better when other people are around.
Small group communication
communication among a small number of people who share a common purpose or goal, who feel connected to each other, and who coordinate their behavior.
The shared expectations group members have regarding each individual’s communication behavior in the group.
Roles that are directly related to the accomplishment of group goals.
Roles that help establish a group’s social atmosphere.
Roles that focus more on individual’s own interests and needs than on those of the group.
Communication that is purpose directed.
Leadership theory that suggests leaders are born.
Functional (situational) theory
A theory that assumes leadership behaviors can be learned.
Shared (collaborative or distributed) leadership
A type of leadership style where functional leadership is extended to an organizational level; all members are equal partners and share responsibility for the work of the group.
Theory that asserts that a leader’s manner or style determines his or her success.
leader who takes charge, makes all the decisions, and dictates strategies and work tasks.
leader whose style is characterized by considerable input from group members.
a leadership style characterized by complete freedom for the group in making decisions.
a leadership style that empowers group members to work independently from the leader by encouraging group cohesion.
A leadership style in which extremely self-confident leaders inspire unusual dedication to themselves by relying on their strong personalities and charm.
A leadership style that seeks to ensure that other people’s highest priority needs are being served in order to increase teamwork and personal involvement.
potential pitfall in small group interaction; occurs when excessive analysis prevents a group from moving toward a solution.
To generate as many ideas as possible without critiquing them.
The uncertainty commonly felt in the beginning phase of decision making.
Secondary (recurring) tension
Conflict or tension found in the second or conflict phase of the decision-making process.
The third phase of the decision-making process; occurs when group members express a cooperative attitude.
The final phase of the decision-making process when group members reach consensus, and members feel a sense of accomplishment.
A negative, and potentially disastrous, group process characterized by “excessive concurrence thinking.”
The methods, including communication, by which a group accomplishes a task.