NTD309 exam 2 (part 1)

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NTD309 exam 2 (part 1)
2014-10-23 21:03:46
ntd 309 fall 2014

Human milk composition Fall 2014
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  1. milk that pools in lacto sinuses, very low in fat and watery
  2. watery, thicker milk after foremilk that is high in calories to keep baby full
  3. milk is made from?
    nutrients of women's diet
  4. how long does a baby need breast milk for?
    6 months
  5. time of feeding of breast milk?
    30 minutes all together (15 mins on each side)
  6. babies must feed on? not on?
    • demand
    • schedule
  7. how much water should a women drink while breast feeding?
    8 oz
  8. what happens if prolactin and oxytocin are high?
    you wont ovulate, which spreads pregnancies out
  9. thick yellow fluid made of beta carotene that a baby drinks in the first 3 days
  10. how much does an infant drink during feeding?
    1.5- 2 tsp
  11. what is colostrum high in?
    calories, protein and fat
  12. primary proteins in colostrum?
    • secretory immunoglobulin
    • lactoferrin
    • antibodies
  13. decreases the risk of infection and is high in specialty proteins
  14. colostrum helps to stimulate ?
    the production of the gut
  15. colostrum helps the baby to pass its first?
  16. 1st stool is known as?
  17. what type of stomach are babies born with?
    sterile stomachs
  18. why do babies get a shot of vitamin K when they are born?
    it helps with blood clotting bc they are born with sterile stomachs that can not do that without it.
  19. has less lactose in colostruym
    lactagenesis I
  20. what helps water balance?
    lactagenesis I
  21. major component in mature human milk
  22. same salt concentration of normal cells in the body and blood
  23. infant does not need extra water if?
    100% breastfed and fed on demand
  24. 1 oz of breast milk = how many calories?
    20 calories
  25. ____ babies are thinner at 8-11 months than _____  babies
    • breastfed
    • formula fed
  26. provides 1/2 of total calories in mature milk
  27. low in fat
  28. high in fat
    hindmilk (23.5-33.2kcal/oz)
  29. a baby should not have any cows milk until what age?
    1 year old
  30. omega 3 fatty acids have how many carbons?
  31. what does DHA help with in human milk?
    • retinal development
    • brain function (higher IQ)
    • maternal supplementation
  32. present in human milk from maternal diet
    trans fatty acids
  33. higher in human milk than infant formula
  34. what is shown if you drink breast milk cholesterol?
    you will have lower blood cholesterol levels later in life
  35. difference between infant formula and breast milk?
    infant formula is poorly absorbed so it has high concentrations where as breast milk is highly absorbed
  36. human milk is a
    complete protein
  37. what facilitates calcium absorption?
  38. carries iron and has bacteriostatic activity
  39. why can babies not drink cows milk?
    they do not have developed kidneys to drink it
  40. milk production uses how much protein per day from the mother?
  41. how much protein does a mother need per day while breastfeeding?
  42. vitamin D in the fetus?
    is accumulated and stored during the 3rd trimester. when born the baby will have enough for 2 months
  43. primary carbohydrate in breastmilk
  44. lactose
    enhances mineral absorption
  45. chains of 3-10 monosaccharides that are poorly digested
  46. oligosaccharides prevents?
    infection and diarrhea
  47. 2 components of carbs in milk?
    • lactose
    • oligosaccharides
  48. prebiotics found in breast milk
  49. travels through the GI tract and is used for energy
    carbs in milk
  50. yellow color in colostrum is?
    beta carotene
  51. amount reflective or mother's sun exposure
    vitamin D
  52. fat soluble vitamins in milk?
    A, D, E, K
  53. how much supplementation is required for vitamin D?
    400 IU once the baby hits 2 months, every day
  54. vitamin E role in milk?
    muscle integrity and RBC production
  55. vitamin K role in breast milk?
    helps with blood clotting, babies receive injection at birth
  56. when an infant has a sterile gut that means?
    they have no bacteria
  57. vitamin K injections are important bc?
    since the baby has not bacteria it cannot make vitamin K
  58. has to do with protein synthesis?
  59. has to do with cell division and growing nerves
  60. what is the vitamin infants are most likely to be deficient in?
  61. water soluble vitamin that is bound to whey protein
  62. what is animal protein high in?
    B6 and B12
  63. water soluble vitamins?
    B6 and B12
  64. only nutrient that is a parasite
  65. breast milk is low in what mineral?
  66. breast milk is low in most _____, but highly absorbable
  67. formula is high in ___, but low ____
    • minerals
    • absorbable
  68. calcium is ___ in formula, but ___ in breastmilk
    • high
    • low
  69. minerals in human milk?
    • iron
    • calcium
  70. flavor of food in mother's diet influence?
    taste of breast milk
  71. benefits of breastfeeding-mother?
    • maternal bond
    • reduces risk of breast cancer
    • mom can loose weight much easier
  72. benefits of breastfeeding-baby?
    • supports development of healthy GI tract
    • nutritionaly superior
    • safe
    • promotes correct development of jaws, teeth and speech
    • decreases obesity
    • maternal bond
  73. a baby is born to
  74. can women make enough milk?
  75. does breast size limit ability to nurse?
  76. can women breastfeed after breast reduction/augmentation?
  77. does silicone from breast implants leach into the milk?
  78. optimal duration of breastfeeding?
    1 year or longer
  79. prevents infant from taking things into lungs
    gag reflex
  80. infant opens mouth wide when close to breast and thrusts tongue forward
    oral search reflex
  81. infant turns to side when stimulated on that side
    rooting reflex
  82. late sign of hunger?
  83. signaled by infant bringing hands to mouth, sucking on them and moving head from side to side
  84. high lactose content of foremilk may cause
  85. feeding frequency?
    10-12 feedings a day
  86. vitamin supplements for breastfeeding infants?
    vitamin K and D
  87. assessment of successful breastfeeding?
    • loose weight, but then regain
    • swallowing sounds
  88. lactation burns how many calories per day?
    600-800 cals
  89. DRI for energy for maternal nutrition, 1st 6 months?
    +500kcal /day
  90. DRI for energy for maternal nutrition, after 1st 6 months
    +400 kcal/day
  91. a mother should lose about how many lbs  a month after giving birth? how long does it take to get to prepreg weight
    • 2lbs/month
    • 1 year
  92. contaminants in breast milk?
    • medicines
    • nicotine from smoking
    • alcohol, caffeine
    • HIV
  93. environmental contaminants in breast milk?
    • mercury in fish
    • wash and peel fruits and vegetables
    • remove visible fat from meats
  94. mom can drink ___ ___ but baby cannot
    cows milk
  95. cows milk can lead to a ____ in infants
    gi bleed
  96. gi bleed?
    loosing blood and iron
  97. how does cows milk affect iron?
    deplete stores