NTD309 exam 2 (part 1)
Card Set Information
NTD309 exam 2 (part 1)
ntd 309 fall 2014
Human milk composition Fall 2014
milk that pools in lacto sinuses, very low in fat and watery
watery, thicker milk after foremilk that is high in calories to keep baby full
milk is made from?
nutrients of women's diet
how long does a baby need breast milk for?
time of feeding of breast milk?
30 minutes all together (15 mins on each side)
babies must feed on? not on?
how much water should a women drink while breast feeding?
what happens if prolactin and oxytocin are high?
you wont ovulate, which spreads pregnancies out
thick yellow fluid made of beta carotene that a baby drinks in the first 3 days
how much does an infant drink during feeding?
1.5- 2 tsp
what is colostrum high in?
calories, protein and fat
primary proteins in colostrum?
decreases the risk of infection and is high in specialty proteins
colostrum helps to stimulate ?
the production of the gut
colostrum helps the baby to pass its first?
1st stool is known as?
what type of stomach are babies born with?
why do babies get a shot of vitamin K when they are born?
it helps with blood clotting bc they are born with sterile stomachs that can not do that without it.
has less lactose in colostruym
what helps water balance?
major component in mature human milk
same salt concentration of normal cells in the body and blood
infant does not need extra water if?
100% breastfed and fed on demand
1 oz of breast milk = how many calories?
____ babies are thinner at 8-11 months than _____ babies
provides 1/2 of total calories in mature milk
low in fat
high in fat
a baby should not have any cows milk until what age?
1 year old
omega 3 fatty acids have how many carbons?
what does DHA help with in human milk?
brain function (higher IQ)
present in human milk from maternal diet
trans fatty acids
higher in human milk than infant formula
what is shown if you drink breast milk cholesterol?
you will have lower blood cholesterol levels later in life
difference between infant formula and breast milk?
infant formula is poorly absorbed so it has high concentrations where as breast milk is highly absorbed
human milk is a
what facilitates calcium absorption?
carries iron and has bacteriostatic activity
why can babies not drink cows milk?
they do not have developed kidneys to drink it
milk production uses how much protein per day from the mother?
how much protein does a mother need per day while breastfeeding?
vitamin D in the fetus?
is accumulated and stored during the 3rd trimester. when born the baby will have enough for 2 months
primary carbohydrate in breastmilk
enhances mineral absorption
chains of 3-10 monosaccharides that are poorly digested
infection and diarrhea
2 components of carbs in milk?
prebiotics found in breast milk
travels through the GI tract and is used for energy
carbs in milk
yellow color in colostrum is?
amount reflective or mother's sun exposure
fat soluble vitamins in milk?
A, D, E, K
how much supplementation is required for vitamin D?
400 IU once the baby hits 2 months, every day
vitamin E role in milk?
muscle integrity and RBC production
vitamin K role in breast milk?
helps with blood clotting, babies receive injection at birth
when an infant has a sterile gut that means?
they have no bacteria
vitamin K injections are important bc?
since the baby has not bacteria it cannot make vitamin K
has to do with protein synthesis?
has to do with cell division and growing nerves
what is the vitamin infants are most likely to be deficient in?
water soluble vitamin that is bound to whey protein
what is animal protein high in?
B6 and B12
water soluble vitamins?
B6 and B12
only nutrient that is a parasite
breast milk is low in what mineral?
breast milk is low in most _____, but highly absorbable
formula is high in ___, but low ____
calcium is ___ in formula, but ___ in breastmilk
minerals in human milk?
flavor of food in mother's diet influence?
taste of breast milk
benefits of breastfeeding-mother?
reduces risk of breast cancer
mom can loose weight much easier
benefits of breastfeeding-baby?
supports development of healthy GI tract
promotes correct development of jaws, teeth and speech
a baby is born to
can women make enough milk?
does breast size limit ability to nurse?
can women breastfeed after breast reduction/augmentation?
does silicone from breast implants leach into the milk?
optimal duration of breastfeeding?
1 year or longer
prevents infant from taking things into lungs
infant opens mouth wide when close to breast and thrusts tongue forward
oral search reflex
infant turns to side when stimulated on that side
late sign of hunger?
signaled by infant bringing hands to mouth, sucking on them and moving head from side to side
high lactose content of foremilk may cause
10-12 feedings a day
vitamin supplements for breastfeeding infants?
vitamin K and D
assessment of successful breastfeeding?
loose weight, but then regain
lactation burns how many calories per day?
DRI for energy for maternal nutrition, 1st 6 months?
DRI for energy for maternal nutrition, after 1st 6 months
a mother should lose about how many lbs a month after giving birth? how long does it take to get to prepreg weight
contaminants in breast milk?
nicotine from smoking
environmental contaminants in breast milk?
mercury in fish
wash and peel fruits and vegetables
remove visible fat from meats
mom can drink ___ ___ but baby cannot
cows milk can lead to a ____ in infants
loosing blood and iron
how does cows milk affect iron?