Card Set Information
An electric circuit is a path that allows electrons to freely flow through it.
A voltaic cell is a cell that generates charge through the chemical reaction of two pieces of metal,with a conducting liquid separating them.
A battery is a group of two or more cells,that generates charge through chemical reactions.
An electrode is a metal strip that reacts with the electrolyte in the cell.
An electrolyte is a paste or liquid or paste that conducts electricity.
A dry cell is a cell that does not have liquid as the electrolyte, the electrolyte is generally a paste.
e.g. a battery
A wet cell is a cell that has a liquid electrolyte to help generate electricity.
e.g. Car battery
A primary cell is a cell that can only be used once/disposable.
e.g. alkaline battery.
A secondary cell is a cell that can be used more than once/rechargable.
e.g. a cell phone battery.
A fuel cell is a cell that has its fuel stored outside of it.
e.g. Hydrogen fuel cell
A solar cell is a cell that converts solar energy into electric energy.
e.g. solar panels
A terminal is a device that connects a electrical devices to external circuits.
A switch is a device that can control if a circuit is closed or open.
e.g. light switch
A open circuit is a circuit that is not closed therefore electrons can not completely flow through it.
The amount of current that passes by a point in a circuit in a second.
A coulomb is a unit of charge that is equal to 6.25 × 10 18 electrons.
An ampere is the measure of the amount of current passing by a certain point in a circuit in a second.
Electrical resistance is the difficulty that electrons have to pass by measured in ohms
Any material that slows down the flow of electrons.
e.g. light bulb filament
A load is a device that converts electric energy into another type of energy.
The potential energy difference between two points in a circuit.
The measurement for potential difference.
A circuit diagram is a diagram that simplify s how a circuit works and shows all of the components in a normal circuit.
A series circuit is a circuit that has only one path for the electrons to flow through.
A parallel circuit is a circuit that has more than one path for electricity to flow through.
The law that says as long as temp. stays the same V=IR
A ohm is a unit to measure the resistance in a circuit.
A superconductor is a conductor with no or minuscule resistance.
e.g. hadron collider
A circuit or material that does not obey ohm's law.
Loads in series
Loads in series are in a straight line and share the same energy, they also have to share a fraction of the current.
Loads in parallel
Loads in parallel all get the same amount of potential difference that the power source produces.