Embryology & Histology Ch.7

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Bgerth
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286834
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Embryology & Histology Ch.7
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2014-10-23 20:28:01
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Embryology Histology DH
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Embryology & Histology Ch.7
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Embryology & Histology Ch.7
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  1. the brain of the cell where the DNA is stored
    nucleus
  2. the power plant that creates ATP
    mitochondria
  3. forms the mitotic spindle apparatus during mitosis
    centrosome
  4. specialized proteins that keep the cells shape
    cytoskeleton
  5. intracellular and extracellular digestion
    lysosome
  6. modifies, stores, segregates, and transports proteins
    Endoplasmic Reticulum
  7. roving protein factories
    ribosomes
  8. subsequent segregation, packaging and transportation of protein compounds fed ex
    golgi complex
  9. a intermediate filament that has a major role in intracellular junctions
    tonofilament
  10. a intermediate filament found in calloused type of epithelium
    keratin
  11. Division of a cell into two daughter cells occurs during which phase of mitosis?
    a. Prophase   
    b. Abaphase   
    c. Metaphase   
    d. Telophase
    d
  12. During which phase of mitotsis does the cell DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) in the form of chromatin condense into chromosomes?
    a. Prophase   b. Anaphase   c. Metaphase   d. Telophase
    a
  13. Movement and alignment of the  chromosomes themselves in the middle of the cell occurs during which phase of mitosis?
    a. Prophase   b. Anaphase  c. Metaphase   
    d. Telophase
    c
  14. During which phase of mitosis do the chromosomes separate and migrate to opposite poles of the cell?
    a. Prophase   b. Anaphase   c. Metaphase   
    d. Telophase
    b
  15. Cellular metabolism occurs in the:
    a. Ribosomes   b. lysosomes  c. mitochondria   d. Golgi appartatus   e. endoplasmic reticulum
    • c
    • The "power plants of the cell are responsible for the rate of energy production
  16. Sperm, erythrocyte, macrophage, osteocyte and neuron are all examples of this component of the body.
    cell
  17. Muscle, cartilage, bone, and blood are all examples of this component of the body.
    tissue
  18. A somewhat independent independent body part that performs a specific function or functions.
    organ
  19. The skin, brain, heart, liver, can function together as these components of the body.
    system
  20. These are metabolically active specialized structures dispersed throughout the cytoplasm within the cell membrane.
    organelles
  21. These organelles are produced by the Golgi complex.
    lysosomes
  22. The endoplasmic reticulum ( ER) may be classified as either____or______
    rough ER , smooth ER
  23. Secretory substances such as mucus for the salivary glands or insulin for the pancreas are proteins that have been modified, concentrated,and wrapped up in large numbers into a single membranous vesicle.by this organelle.
    golgi complex
  24. Various types of thicker, thread-like microscopic structures within the cell.
    intermediate filaments
  25. The cells in each tissue type are surrounded by extracellular materials which include both tissue fluid and intercellular substance. ___________________ is one of the most common ingredients of intercelluar substance.
    hyaluronic acid
  26. An intercellular junction which involves an attachment between cells
    desmosome
  27. An intercellular junction which involves an attachment of a cell to an adjacent non-cellular surface
    hemidesmosome
  28. The type of junction that occurs at the basement membrane between epithelial and connective tissue
    hemidesmosome
  29. Tends to cause regularly plump cells to appear prickled or star-shaped
    desmosome

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