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westley123
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Electric
circuit
 a path in which electrons flow from a source
 because it is a circuit the electrons must return to the cycle through the circuit and get back to the terminal where they began in order for the circuit to function

voltaic cell
 an electrochemical cell that converts the energy from chemical reactions into electrical energy

battery
 multiple cells used in combination with each other to produce more energy

electrode
 an electrical conductor designed to be able to touch the non metallic portion of the circuit

electrolyte
a chemical within cells that when voltage is applied becomes a conductor

dry cell
 is one of the most commonly used types, including AA, 9volt, and watch batteries.
 

wet cell
  a rechargeable battery
  precursor to the dry cell

primary cell
a cell that can only be used once and is after that useless

secondary cell
 a cell that can be recharged and used multiple times

fuel cell
 a cell that generates energy through chemical reactions of fuel that is stored outside of the cell

solar cell
a cell that converts energy from the sun into electric energy that can be used or stored

terminal
 one end of a battery that either stores electrons or attracts them

switch
 a mechanism within a circuit that controls whether or not the circuit functions

open circuit
 a circuit in which the switch is open therefore there is no direct route for the electricity to flow through the circuit

electrical current
 the flow of electric charge often through a metallic wire

coulomb (c)
  the fundamental unit of electrical charge
  equivalent to 1 coulomb = 1 ampere per second

ampere (A)
 used to measure the charge of one section of a circuit

elecrical resistance
 R=potential difference divided by current
 the amount of opposition for electric energy in a conductor

resistor
 acts to reduce current flow
 implements electrical resistance

load
 a component of a circuit that uses the

potential difference (voltage)
 the difference in electric potential between two points in a circuit

volt
 the difference of potential that would push one coloumb of current against one ohm of resistance

circuit diagram
 a diagram that shows the construction of a circuit in an organized and neat way, showing all routes and components

series circuit
a series in which all loads are in series with eachother and there are no other routes

parrallel circuit
 a circuit where there are multiple routes for current to flow

Ohm's law
 describes how to find multiple aspects of a circuit or section of a circuit, like resistance, current, and potential difference.

Ohm (Ω)
the unit used to measure the amount of resistance between two points im a circuit

superconductor
 a material that has absolutly no resistance to the flow of electric current

NonOhmic
 resistance is not constant so the graph of potential difference against current is not straight

Loads in series
 loads that are in on the same route which means the current would have to flow through one and then the other

loads in parrallel
loads that are not in the same route as eachother which would allow them to get the same voltage but not the same amount of current

