PAP Unit 4 Test Review.txt

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PAP Unit 4 Test Review.txt
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  1. During the Progressive Era, government took a more ____________ roll in the affairs of American citizens.
    active
  2. The reform movement that occurred from about 1890 to 1920 that believed the solution to social problems in the country lay in a more active role by the government was known as
    Progressive
  3. Journalists whose stories help shine the light on the nation’s problems by investigating social problems and political corruption became known as
    Muckrakers
  4. The Muckraker who published a series articles critical of the Standard Oil Company, the most powerful company of the time, was
    Ida Tarbell
  5. The Muckraker who wrote stories about the struggles of immigrants in inner New York City whose stories told about the poverty and disease that was occurring was
    Jacob Riis
  6. The Muckraker who wrote about the unsanitary conditions of the meatpacking industry, leading to government regulation of the meat industry, was
    Upton Sinclair
  7. The book written by Upton Sinclair that exposed the problems in the meat industry in the United States was called
    The Jungle
  8. What was the impact of The Jungle (what did it lead to)?
    raised fears of what was in the meat that people were eating and heighten public awareness of safety issues stemming from careless food procedures; led to gov. regulations
  9. Name TWO federal laws that were passed as a result of Upton Sinclair’s book The Jungle:
    Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act
  10. The Governor of Wisconsin whose progressive reforms led to Wisconsin becoming known as the “laboratory of democracy” was
    Robert Lafollete or "Fightin' Bob"
  11. With Lafollette as governor, political candidates were chosen by the _________________________________, not by the political bosses.
    voters/citizens
  12. Direct primary?
    allowed voters to choose the candidates in an election rather than political bosses
  13. Initiative
    allow citizens to introduce legislation in their state government and require legislature to vote on it
  14. Referendum
    allows proposed legislation(law) to be directly voted on by the people instead of just the state legislature
  15. Recall
    voters can remove an elected official from office with direct votes
  16. The amendment to the U.S. Constitution that put the power to select U.S. senators in the hands of the voters rather than state legislatures was the ____________ Amendment.
    17th(DEOS)
  17. The tragedy at _______________________________________________ led to changes in building codes for factories by requiring them to have fire escapes.
    Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire
  18. who did William Taft fire that made T.R. upset?
    fired Gifford Pinchot( chief of the U.S. Forest Service)
  19. Name THREE groups that were in favors of the temperance movement:
    progressives, women, and business leaders
  20. The movement that called for the moderation or elimination of alcohol was known as the __________________ movement.
    temperance
  21. What did the 18th Amendment do?
    banned sale/consumption of alcohol
  22. The temperance movement led to the passage of the ______________ Amendment in 1919.
    18th
  23. Why did people push for the 17th Amendment?
    The common man(esp. populists) wanted it bc big businesses were controllig the U.S. senate by buyinh state legislators.
  24. 16th Amendment?
    National Income Tax; allowed the fed gov. to directly tax its citizens
  25. The movement that believed that the government should own and operate industry for the community and buy companies that affected everyone, such as railroads and utilities, was known as
    populist
  26. The socialist union leader who ran unsuccessfully to be president in four elections in the early 1900s was
    Eugene V. Debs
  27. The progressive president who believed in making the United States into a world power, but also was concerned with the environment and with the people was
    Teddy Roosevelt
  28. Give THREE progressive reforms that Roosevelt wanted to make as president:
    environmental conservation, trust busting, regulate interstate business(help workers)
  29. Lincoln Steffens
    his book made people aware of the problem of child labor
  30. Jane Addams
    worked with immigrants to improve their conditions
  31. In the case of Northern Securities v. the United States, the Supreme Court ruled that Northern Securities violated the ________________________________________ and was a ___________________.
    Sherman Antitrust Act; monopoly
  32. Sherman Antitrust Act
    1890- made it illegal to combine a company into a trust or conspire to restrain trade or commerce
  33. Why did President Roosevelt feel it was necessary to intervene in the Coal Strike of 1902?
    he wanted to settle disputes between labor and owners
  34. How did Roosevelt use presidential power in a new way to solve the Coal Strike of 1902?
    he got the union and the owners to agree to arbitration
  35. The law Roosevelt pushed through Congress to strengthen the Interstate Commerce Commission and give the ICC the power to set railroad rates was known as the
    Hepburn Act of 1906
  36. Roosevelt believed in limiting the use of the nation’s natural resources, a belief known as
    conservation
  37. In 1902, President Roosevelt signed into law the ______________________________________, which allowed the use of federal funds from the sale of public lands to be used to pay for irrigation and land development in Western states where farmers and city dwellers competed for the scare water supply.
    Newlands Reclamation Act
  38. What was the purpose of the National Parks System?
    protect federal land
  39. Name THREE National Parks established under Teddy Roosevelt’s time as president:
    Grand Canyon, Big Bend Park, and Crater Lake
  40. The president who followed Teddy Roosevelt as president after winning the election of 1908 and who became very unpopular with Progressives because of his differing views was
    William Howard Taft
  41. The law which raised some tariffs was the _______________________________________ Act.
    Underwood
  42. Give THREE major progressive reforms that occurred during William Howard Taft’s administration:
    • 1. busted trusts(80)
    • 2.16th amendment
    • 3.17th amendment
  43. The right women were fighting for in the early 1900s was the right to _____________, known as suffrage.
    vote
  44. The leader of the National Woman’s Suffrage Association (NWSA) who was a critical leader in the women’s fight for suffrage rights was
    Susan B. Anthony and then Carrie Chatman Catt
  45. Give FIVE Progressive beliefs:
    change, coinage of silver, federal ownership of railroads, graduated income tax, direct election of U.S. Senator
  46. Many Progressives believed they could make society better if they could make the government more ________ and believed the cities should be run by____ or ___.
    hands on; city managers or citizens
  47. What was the significance of the 17th Amendment?
    allowed more power with people/voters
  48. Give FOUR ways factories workers were aided by progressive reforms:
    govt supported strikes, child labor laws, min hours and wages
  49. Roosevelt’s reform programs became known as the
    Square Deal
  50. How did Roosevelt use presidential power in a new way to solve the Coal Strike of 1902?
    enforced sherman anti trust and sent troops to help strikers
  51. Roosevelt urged Taft to stay away from tariff reform because it would anger many
    Progressives
  52. How NAWSA wanted to gain suffrage?
    by lobbying indiviaual STATES
  53. How AWSA and or NWP wanted to gain suffrage?
    by protestng to get laws changed.. Amendment
  54. What did the 19th Amendment, passed in 1920, do?
    women's suffrage
  55. Unhappy with the changes made by William Howard Taft, Teddy Roosevelt ran for President again in 1912 as a member of the ______________________ Party, which was nicknamed the ______________________ Party.
    Progressive; Bull Moose
  56. Because Roosevelt split the Republican Party by running for president in the Election of 1912, it opened the door for the Democratic candidate, ____________________________, to win the election.
    Woodrow Wilson
  57. The change to the U.S. Constitution that created a national income tax was the _______________ Amendment.
    16th
  58. To restore people’s confidence in banks that they would not close, President Wilson proposed and Congress passed the __________________________________. With the creation of a. new system, banks would keep a portion of their deposits in a regional reserve bank as a cushion in case of a crisis
    Federal Reserve Act
  59. The law that banned businesses from charging a different customer different prices for the same product was known as
    Clayton Antitrust Act
  60. What was the impact of the Clayton Antitrust Act?
    gave the federal government power to clean up any monopoly and split it up

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