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small or little song or lyric. 14 fourteen lines. iambic pentameter.
English (Shakespearean) Sonnet
iambic pentameter, there are 10 syllables in each line. abab-cdcd-efef-gg
Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet
first eight lines called octet that rhymes as abba -abba –cdc-dcd. The remaining six lines called sestet might have a range of rhyme schemes.
- 2 syllables; weak strong
- 2 syllables; strong weak
- 3 syllables; weak weak strong
- 3 syllables; strong weak weak
expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. The term lyric is now commonly referred to as the words to a song. Lyric poetry does not tell a story which portrays characters and actions. The lyric poet addresses the reader directly, portraying his or her own feeling, state of mind, and perceptions.
Blank verse/ Free Verse
regular meter, usually iambic pentameter, but no rhyme
does not rhyme or have a regular meter.
Repetition of initial sounds of words in a row
Repetition of internal vowel sounds of words close
Repetition of internal or ending consonant sounds of words "
Metonymy vs Synecdoche
- a part of something is used to refer to the whole
- wheels = car
refers to something else that it's closely associated withride = car
use of words to mean something different from what a person actually says
when the audience is aware of something that the characters in the story are not aware of
when the exact opposite of what is meant to happen, happens
bear/bare or wear/where.
understates a situation or action
"this day has been less than good"
repetition of a certain word or phrase at the beginning of successive lines
Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the qu...