Endocrine

Card Set Information

Author:
HenryChan
ID:
286974
Filename:
Endocrine
Updated:
2014-10-24 19:01:18
Tags:
Endocrine
Folders:
Biology
Description:
Hormones
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  1. Growth Hormone
    • 1. Anterior Pituitary
    • 2. GH
    • 3. increase cell size, stimulates tissue growth
  2. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
    • 1. Anterior Pituitary
    • 2. TSH
    • 3. Increase release of thyroid hormones
  3. Adrenocorticotropic
    • 1. Anterior Pituitary
    • 2. ACTH
    • 3. Controls release of adrenal cortex hormones
  4. Follicle Stimulating Hormone
    • 1. Anterior Pituitary
    • 2. FSH
    • 3. Females: stimulates maturation of ovarian
    • follicles, Males: Stimulates maturation of sperm cells
  5. Luteinizing Hormone
    • 1. Anterior Pituitary
    • 2. LH
    • 3. Females: Stimulates Ovulation, Males: stimulates cells to make hormones
  6. Prolactin
    • 1. Anterior Pituitary
    • 2. PRL
    • 3. Stimulates mammary glands to secrete milk
  7. Antidiuretic Hormone
    • 1. Posterior Pituitary
    • 2. ADH
    • 3. Decrease urine output
  8. Oxytocin
    • 1. Posterior Pituitary
    • 2. OT
    • 3. Ejects mike from breast, stimulates uterine
    • contractions
  9. Thyroxine and Triiodothyronine
    • 1. Thyroid Gland
    • 2. T4 & T3
    • 3. Control metabolic rate in tissues, breaks down fats and carbs
  10. Calcitonin
    • 1. Thyroid Gland
    • 2. None
    • 3. Decrease blood calcium levels
  11. Parathyroid Hormone
    • 1. Parathyroid Glands
    • 2. PTH
    • 3. Increase blood calcium levels
  12. Aldosterone
    • 1. Adrenal Glands - Cortex
    • 3. Retains sodium and water, increase blood volume and pressure
  13. Cortisol
    • 1. Adrenal Glands - Cortex
    • 3. Controls blood sugar levels (during stressful
    • times)
  14. Hormones (Androgens)
    • 1. Adrenal Glands - Cortex
    • 2. Release testosterone as needed
  15. Glucagon
    • 1. Pancreas
    • 2. Increase blood glucose (sugar) levels
  16. Insulin
    • 1. Pancreas
    • 2. Decrease blood glucose (sugar) levels
  17. Melatonin
    • 1. Pineal Gland
    • 2. Helps with regulation of sleep-wake cycles
  18. Thymosin
    • 1. Thymus Gland
    • 2. Maturation of T-Lymphocytes
  19. Estrogen
    • 1. Ovaries
    • 2. Regulate female reproductive system, cause
    • maturation of reproductive organs
  20. Progesterone
    • 1. Ovaries
    • 2. Regulate female reproductive system, cause
    • maturation of reproductive organs
  21. Testosterone
    • 1. Testes
    • 2. Cause maturation of reproductive organs

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