Cardiovascular drug uses

Card Set Information

Author:
pefania
ID:
287006
Filename:
Cardiovascular drug uses
Updated:
2014-10-25 12:04:07
Tags:
cardio
Folders:

Description:
cardiovascular drugs
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user pefania on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Digitalis uses
    • treatment of
    •    CHF
    •    atrial fibrillation
    •    subventricular tachycardia
  2. Digitalis adverse side affects
    • anorexia
    • vomiting
    • diarrhea
    • various arrhythmias
    • adverse side affects when given with many drugs
    • clients must monitor for toxicity
  3. Catecholamine Drugs uses
    • increase force and rate of cardiac output
    • constrict peripheral blood vessels (increase BP)
    • elevate blood glucose
    • short term management of severe heart failure
  4. Positive Inotropic Drug uses
    • improve strength of contraction
    • reserve capacity to improve cardiac output
  5. Epinephrine uses
    • cardiac resuscitation
    • treatment of anaphylaxis
  6. Epinephrine adverse affects
    • hypertension
    • arrhythmias
    • anxiety
    • excitability
  7. Isoproterenol uses
    used with atropine-resistant bradycardia
  8. Dopamine uses
    • acute heart failure
    • oliguric renal failure
    • supportive treatment of shock
  9. Dopamine adverse side effects
    • vomiting
    • tachycardia
    • dyspnea
    • blood pressure variations
  10. Dobutamine uses
    similar to dopamine, less likely to cause arrhythmias
  11. Pimobendan uses
    • treatment of
    •    AV insufficiency
    •    dilated cardiomyopathy in dogs
  12. Pimobendan adverse side effects
    • anorexia
    • lethargy
    • diarrhea
  13. Pimobendan contraindications
    • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
    • aortic stenosis
  14. Antiarrhythmic Drugs Class 1A uses
    • treat atrial and ventricular arrhythmias
    • can be given long term; orally
  15. Quinidine uses
    • treatment of
    •    atrial fibrillation
    •    ventricular arrhythmias
    •    ventricular tachycardia
    • ***atrial fibrillation in horses***
  16. Antiarrhythmatic Drugs  Class 1B uses
    block influx of sodium in cells, thus decreasing cell automaticity
  17. Lidocaine uses
    • control pf PVC
    • treatment of ventricular tachycardia
  18. Lidocaine adverse side effects
    • rare
    • cats more sensitive
    • make sure no epinephrine--predisposes heart to arrhythmia
  19. PVC
    Premature Ventricular Contractions
  20. Procainamide uses
    • treat
    •    PVC long term
    •    ventricular tachycardia
    •    some forms of atrial tachycardia
  21. Procainamide adverse side effects
    • anorexia
    • vomiting
    • diarrhea
    • hypotension
  22. Antiarrhythmatic Drugs Class 2
    beta blockers
  23. Propanolol uses
    • treat
    •    hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
    •    various arrhythmias
  24. Propanolol adverse side effects
    • bradycardia
    • hypotension
    • worsening of heart failure
    • lethargy
    • depression
    • *Do not discontinue therapy abruptly*
  25. Antiarrhythmatic Drugs Class 4
    • block channels that permit entry of calcium ions
    • channel blockers
  26. Verapamil uses
    • treat
    •    supraventricular tachycardia
    •    atrial flutter
    •    atrial fibrillation
  27. Verapamil adverse side effects
    • hypotension
    • bradycardia
    • pulmonary edema
    • worsening of CHF
  28. Vasodilator drugs
    dilate arteries, veins, or both
  29. Hydralazine uses
    reduces afterload, especially caused by mitral valve insufficiency
  30. Hydralazine adverse side effects
    • hypotension
    • vomiting
    • diarrhea
    • sodium and water retention
    • tachycardia
  31. Nitroglycerin Ointment uses
    • improve cardiac output and associated pulmonary edema
    • led sweat to reduce swelling and treat laminitis
  32. Nitroglycerin Ointment adverse side effects
    • minimal, possible rash at site
    • wear gloves
  33. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
    • "ace inhibitors"
    • prevent conversion of angiotensin 1 to angiotensin 2 by inhibiting ACE
  34. Enalapril uses
    treatment of heart failure
  35. Captopril uses
    treatment of heart failure
  36. Enalapril adverse side effects
    • azotemia (inflammation of kidneys)
    • vomiting
    • diarrhea
    • hyperkalemia
  37. Captopril adverse side effects
    • azotemia
    • vomiting
    • diarrhea
    • hyperkalemia
    • concurrent use of NSAIDs may reduce effectiveness
  38. Furosemide uses
    reduce pulmonary edema and other signs of CHF (ascites, coughing)
  39. Furosemide adverse side effects
    • *hypokalemia*
    • dehydration
    • hyponatremia
    • ototoxicity in cats
    • weakness
    • shock
  40. Furosemide continued
    • "loop diuretic"
    • increases chance of Digitalis toxicity
    • *must have access to water*
    • urination follows within 20-30 minutes
  41. Dietary management of heart disease
    • sodium restriction
    • high quality protein diet (reducing tendency for weight loss)
  42. ancillary treatment of heart failure
    • bronchodilators 
    • oxygen therapy
    • sedation (anxiety can lead to dyspnea)
    • aspirin (prevents clots, possibly for HW disease)
    • thoracocentesis and abdominocentesis
  43. Diltiazem
    used in human med

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview