NTD309 exam 2 (part 3)

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  1. don't have enough calories, therefore growth is stunted
    growth retarded
  2. growth of child?
    there is consistent growth as the child gets older
  3. body fat % of boys and girls before puberty
    about the same
  4. body fat % drops off at age 5, then develop it normally from then into adulthood
    adiposity rebound
  5. what happens if adiposity rebound occurs earlier than at age 5?
    predictive of adult obesity
  6. how many times should a food be presented before child is interested?
    8-10 times
  7. afraid to eat other foods
  8. portion control ?
    • 1 Tbs for every age
    • ec, age 3- 3Tbs of every item
  9. some characteristics of toddlers/preschoolers?
    • decrease growth velocity and appetite
    • increased motor skills
    • healthy food preferences established
    • improve language skills
  10. characterisitcs of school age children
    • sense of self
    • complex thinking
    • self efficacy
  11. cognitive development of preschool-age children?
    egocentric( cannot accept anothers point of view)
  12. influence food choices early?
    parents and older siblings
  13. parent responsibilities with eating behaviors?
    • what food is offered
    • when food is offered
    • where food is offered
  14. childs responsibilities of eating?
    • how much they eat
    • whether they eat
  15. energy needs age 1-3? 4-8? 9-13?
    • 1,000 cal/day
    • 1,600 cal/day
    • 2,000 cal/day
  16. protein needs of infant?
  17. found in animal foods?
  18. most toddlers and preschool age children have adequate vitamin and mineral consumption except for
    iron and calcium
  19. only nutritious sugar, and has lots of calcium
  20. prevention of iron deficiency anemia?
    • used ground meat, vitamin C, reduce bran, tea and coffee
    • limit milk consumption
  21. absorption rate of calcium is?
    very high
  22. what is calcium absorption increased by?
    lactose, vitamin D, and HCl
  23. what is calcium absorption decreased by?
    • vitamin D deficiency
    • high fiber diet
    • high protein diets
  24. you should take calcium supplements with?
  25. eating behaviors of children?
    children need to eat often
  26. reference for how US children are growing
    growth charts
  27. BMI growth charts percentile underweight? health weight? overweight? obese?
    • <5th percentile
    • 5th to <85th
    • 85th to <95th
    • > 95th
  28. excessive body fatness where there is an imbalance between food consumed and physical activity
  29. obesity can be related to?
    • genetics
    • environment
    • lifestyle
  30. obesity is determined through?
  31. consequences of obesity as a child?
    • begin puberty early
    • taller than peers
    • appear stocky
    • faster BMR
    • early maturing
  32. physical health consequences of obesity?
    • hypertension
    • respiratory problems
    • gastrointestinal problems
    • joint problems
    • risk for cancers
  33. three major consequences of childhood obesity?
    • growth
    • physical health
    • psychological health
  34. doubles risk of adult obesity for both obese and non-obese child
    parental obesity
  35. risk of obesity is up to ___% of parents are obese
  36. treatment of obesity?
    • diet
    • exercise
    • behavioral changes
    • psychological support
  37. goal for obesity treatment?
    stop weight gain
  38. pre-puberty obesity treatment?
    no diet, healthy eating, let growth use excess weight
  39. post-puberty obesity treatment?
    negative energy balance may be necessary
  40. treatment strategies for diet for obesity?
    • 15% protein
    • 30% fat
    • 55% carbs
  41. when treating obesity a child should eat more? eat less?
    • non fat milk, fish, poultry, fruit, vegetables, whole grains
    • whole milk, red meat, eggs, sugary beverages, sugar, salt and fat
  42. benefits of exercise?
    • increases energy expenditure and metabolic rate
    • lowers blood pressure
    • suppresses appetite
    • improves sleep
  43. parents of obese children should promote?
    • health foods
    • serve water
    • physical activity
  44. three part role in treatment with schools?
    • foods served
    • exercise program
    • classroom teaching
  45. keeping record of food eaten and physical activity
    self monitoring
  46. what is crucial in the treatment of obesity?
    family involvement
  47. encourages positive, realistic thinking in place of self-devastating thoughts
    cognitive restructuring
  48. 1 in ___ children are overweight in the US
  49. compared to normal weight peers, obese children are
    • taller
    • advanced bone ages
    • look older
    • earlier sexual maturity
    • high risk for chronic disease
  50. 4 stage approach of treating obesity? stage 1? 2? 3? 4?
    • 1- prevention
    • 2- structured weight management
    • 3- comprehensive multidisciplinary intervention
    • 4- tertiary care intervention
  51. stage 4 in the 4 step approach for obesity is reserved for?
    severely obese children
  52. 2 social support systems needed?
    • parental involvement
    • school programs
  53. primetime for learning about healthy lifestyles?
    school age
  54. study to evaluate the effectiveness of a school based dietary intervention
    high 5 Alabama
  55. 2 model programs for nutrition intervention?
    • the national fruit and vegetable program
    • high 5 Alabama
  56. provide nutritious meals to all child and reinforce nutrition education
    child nutrition programs
  57. states may require schools who serve needy populations to provide school breakfast that is 1/4 the DRI
    school breakfast program
  58. provides training, technical assistance, education or support to promote nutrition in schools
    team nutrition
  59. provides summer meals to areas where more than 50% of students from low income families
    summer food service program
Card Set:
NTD309 exam 2 (part 3)
2014-10-25 21:11:54
childhood nutrition ntd 309

Childhood Nutrition Childhood Obesity Fall 2014
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