NTD309 exam 2 (part 3)
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NTD309 exam 2 (part 3)
childhood nutrition ntd 309
Childhood Nutrition Childhood Obesity Fall 2014
don't have enough calories, therefore growth is stunted
growth of child?
there is consistent growth as the child gets older
body fat % of boys and girls before puberty
about the same
body fat % drops off at age 5, then develop it normally from then into adulthood
what happens if adiposity rebound occurs earlier than at age 5?
predictive of adult obesity
how many times should a food be presented before child is interested?
afraid to eat other foods
portion control ?
1 Tbs for every age
ec, age 3- 3Tbs of every item
some characteristics of toddlers/preschoolers?
decrease growth velocity and appetite
increased motor skills
healthy food preferences established
improve language skills
characterisitcs of school age children
sense of self
cognitive development of preschool-age children?
egocentric( cannot accept anothers point of view)
influence food choices early?
parents and older siblings
parent responsibilities with eating behaviors?
what food is offered
when food is offered
where food is offered
childs responsibilities of eating?
how much they eat
whether they eat
energy needs age 1-3? 4-8? 9-13?
protein needs of infant?
found in animal foods?
most toddlers and preschool age children have adequate vitamin and mineral consumption except for
iron and calcium
only nutritious sugar, and has lots of calcium
prevention of iron deficiency anemia?
used ground meat, vitamin C, reduce bran, tea and coffee
limit milk consumption
absorption rate of calcium is?
what is calcium absorption increased by?
lactose, vitamin D, and HCl
what is calcium absorption decreased by?
vitamin D deficiency
high fiber diet
high protein diets
you should take calcium supplements with?
eating behaviors of children?
children need to eat often
reference for how US children are growing
BMI growth charts percentile underweight? health weight? overweight? obese?
5th to <85th
85th to <95th
excessive body fatness where there is an imbalance between food consumed and physical activity
obesity can be related to?
obesity is determined through?
consequences of obesity as a child?
begin puberty early
taller than peers
physical health consequences of obesity?
risk for cancers
three major consequences of childhood obesity?
doubles risk of adult obesity for both obese and non-obese child
risk of obesity is up to ___% of parents are obese
treatment of obesity?
goal for obesity treatment?
stop weight gain
pre-puberty obesity treatment?
no diet, healthy eating, let growth use excess weight
post-puberty obesity treatment?
negative energy balance may be necessary
treatment strategies for diet for obesity?
when treating obesity a child should eat more? eat less?
non fat milk, fish, poultry, fruit, vegetables, whole grains
whole milk, red meat, eggs, sugary beverages, sugar, salt and fat
benefits of exercise?
increases energy expenditure and metabolic rate
lowers blood pressure
parents of obese children should promote?
three part role in treatment with schools?
keeping record of food eaten and physical activity
what is crucial in the treatment of obesity?
encourages positive, realistic thinking in place of self-devastating thoughts
1 in ___ children are overweight in the US
compared to normal weight peers, obese children are
advanced bone ages
earlier sexual maturity
high risk for chronic disease
4 stage approach of treating obesity? stage 1? 2? 3? 4?
2- structured weight management
3- comprehensive multidisciplinary intervention
4- tertiary care intervention
stage 4 in the 4 step approach for obesity is reserved for?
severely obese children
2 social support systems needed?
primetime for learning about healthy lifestyles?
study to evaluate the effectiveness of a school based dietary intervention
high 5 Alabama
2 model programs for nutrition intervention?
the national fruit and vegetable program
high 5 Alabama
provide nutritious meals to all child and reinforce nutrition education
child nutrition programs
states may require schools who serve needy populations to provide school breakfast that is 1/4 the DRI
school breakfast program
provides training, technical assistance, education or support to promote nutrition in schools
provides summer meals to areas where more than 50% of students from low income families
summer food service program