Lit Vocab (H-P)

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  1. Hero
    • Greek mythology: A person of superhuman powers; demigod; immortal
    • Later on: brave leader; person of great physical strength; protagonist
  2. Heroic Couplet
    A pair of rhyming iambic pentameters.
  3. Hyperbole
    The use of exaggeration for emphasis or to make a point.
  4. Iambic
    A metrical foot that consists of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one.
  5. Image
    A concrete picture, either literally or figuratively.
  6. Imagery
    Representative of things accessible to the five senses: sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell.
  7. In Medias Res
    A technique of relating a story from the midpoint, rather than the beginning.
  8. Internal Rhyme
    Rhyme within a line.
  9. Inversion
    The reversal of the normal word order in a sentence or phrase.
  10. Invocation
    An appeal for inspiration or assistance is made to a muse or deity.
  11. Irony
    • A contrast between two elements; can provide depth, impact, and suggest a complexity of experience.
    • Verbal Irony: Saying one thing and meaning another.
    • Situational Irony: The contrast between what happens and what was expected.
    • Dramatic Irony: When the audience knows something that the character(s) does not.
  12. Italian Petrarchan Sonnet
    Consists of an octave with the rhyme scheme abba(x2) and a sestet rhyming in various patterns.
  13. Juxtaposition
    The arrange of two or more ideas side-by-side in comparison/contrast.
  14. Kenning
    A figurative expression that replaces a name or a noun.
  15. Latinate
    Of, like, pertaining to, or derived from Latin.
  16. Literal Language
    The precise, plain meaning of a word/phrase in its simplest, original sense.
  17. Lyric
    A type of poem that expresses subjective thoughts and feelings in a song-like style.
  18. Metaphor
    The comparison of one thing to another w/o using like or as.
  19. Metaphysical
    Not physical; immaterial; sth from imagination.
  20. Meter
    The pattern of stressed/unstressed syllables in a verse.
  21. Metonymy
    The substitution of some attributive or suggestive word for what is actually meant.
  22. Mock Epic
    Exaggeration, and sarcasm to mock its original subject.
  23. Mock Heroic
    Imitating the style of heroic poetry inorder to satirize an unheroic subject.
  24. Monologue
    An extended speech by one person with or without an audience.
  25. Mood
    Tone; atomosphere; feeling.
  26. Motif
    A recurring subject, theme, idea, etc.
  27. Narrative
    A story; an account of real or imagined events.
  28. Narrator
    One who tells the story; determines the story's point of view.
  29. Near rhyme
    Rhymes created out of words with similar but not identical sounds.
  30. Octave
    The first unit in an Italian sonnet; stanza of eight lines.
  31. Ode
    A complex, lengthy lyric poem written to honour a person/season/event.
  32. Onomatopoeia
    The use of words formed or sounding like what they signify.
  33. Oxymoron
    Two words that contradict each other.
  34. Paradox
    A statement that contradicts itself, yet still makes sense.
  35. Parallelism
    The use of components in a sentence that are grammatically the same; or similar in their construction, sound, meaning or meter.
  36. Parody
    Imitates the serious manner and characteristic features of a literary work in order to make fun of those same features.
  37. Pastoral
    A poem that deals with an idealized way with shepherds and rustic life.
  38. Pathos
    The feeling of pity, sympathy, tenderness, compassion, or sorrow evoked by characters who are helpless and innocent.
  39. Pentatmeter
    Five sets of unstressed syllables followed by stressed syllables.
  40. Persona
    A voice or an assumed role of a character that represents the thoughts of a writer or a specific person the writer wants to present as his mouthpiece.
  41. Personification
    Something nonhuman is given human qualities.
  42. Petrarchan (Italian) Sonnet
    Consists of an octave with the rhyme scheme abba(x2) and a sestet rhyming in various patterns.
  43. Play On Words
    A pun.
  44. Prologue
    The opening section of a work; an introduction
  45. Protagonist
    The main character of a story.
  46. Proverb
    A short, pithy saying that is used to express commonly held ideas or beliefs.
  47. Pun
    The use of a word/phrase to suggest two or more meanings at a time; play on words.
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Lit Vocab (H-P)
Lit Vocab (H-P)
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