Nutrition

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Author:
study.lots
ID:
287086
Filename:
Nutrition
Updated:
2014-10-28 07:31:00
Tags:
EAP
Folders:
HQC
Description:
Horsemanship Quiz Challenge Study Guide: Nutrition
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  1. Factors to determine how much to feed
    • Body Type
    • Temperament
    • Health
    • Type of Work
    • Current Condition
    • Appetite
    • Work Load
    • Age
    • Lactating mares need most food
  2. Time period for change in diet
    10-14 Days
  3. Essential Nutrients
    • Water
    • Proteins
    • Vitamins
    • Minerals
    • Carbohydrates
    • Fatty Acids (Lipids)
  4. Functions of Proteins
    • Growth
    • Maintenance
    • Repair of Tissues
  5. Main Form of Fat Stored by Body
    Triglycerides
  6. Body Condition Scoring
    • Scored from 1 to 9
    • 5 is ideal
  7. Metabolism
    Energy production & consumption
  8. Moisture Content in Hay
    12-18%
  9. Electrolytes: Salty or Sweet?
    Salty
  10. Aerobic Exercise
    Most efficient way to produce energy: Food components burned completely without generating toxic by-products

    Burn fuel slowly using oxygen & enzymes to produce energy

    Body produces energy slowly
  11. Anaerobic Exercise
    Energy produced in absence of oxygen

    Body produces energy much more quickly but less efficiently

    Produces by-products of heat and lactic acid
  12. Burn ______ in aerobic exercise
    Fats & VFA's
  13. Burn ______ in anerobic exercise
    Glycogen
  14. Heating Pelleted Feeds
    Alters starch molecule making it more digestible & easier for the horse to absorb
  15. Things to check for before feeding hay
    • Mold
    • Dead Animals
    • Blister Beetles
    • Weeds
    • Trash or other foreign objects
  16. Hay can be fed from
    • Ground
    • Hay Net
    • Hay Rack/Manger
  17. Grass Hay Types
    • Timothy
    • Brome
    • Orchard Grass
    • Tyegrass
    • Prarie Hay
    • Coastal Bermuda
  18. Legume Hay Types
    • Alfalfa
    • Clover
    • Lucrene
  19. Ergocentric Supplements
    May or may not work

    Claim to increase speed, stamina, and strength
  20. Joint Supplements Should Contain:
    • Glucosamine
    • Chondroiting Sulfate
    • Silicon
    • Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM)
    • Hyaluronic Acid
  21. Mineral Supplements
    Calcium, phosphorous, selenium

    Imbalances and overdoses can cause serious problems
  22. Protein Supplements
    Excess proteins converted into fat or excreted

    Can cause kidney problems
  23. Fat Supplements
    • Weight Gain
    • Healthy Skin
    • Shiny Coat
    • Source of Concentrated Energy

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