ARC 2 Quiz 5

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tigre671
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287128
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ARC 2 Quiz 5
Updated:
2014-10-26 16:22:26
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ARC 2 Quiz 5
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  1. Fatehpur Sikri
    • Agra (City of Victory) 1570, Built under Akbar
    • -Capital of the Mughal empire for 15 years
    • -Embodies the humanitarianism of the emperor
    • -Has pointed arches
    • -Has islamic and Hindu forms
    • -Emperor tried to unite the two religions
    • -Narrow prayer hall
    • -Was built because a mystic told the emperor that he would have a son (after all he had was daughters)
    • -Red sandstone and white trim
  2. Diwan-I-Khas
    • 1628, Agra
    • -Inside Fatehpur Sikri
    • -Private audience hall
    • -Square structure, strange geometry inside
  3. Diwan-I-Am
    • 1628, Agra
    • -Inside the Red Fort
    • -Public audience hall
    • -White marble
    • -Peacock arches and peacock throne
    • -Had a jewel collection and was jewel studded
    • -Double column features
  4. Taj Mahal
    • Agra, 1632, Ustad Isa
    • -Memorial to Shah Jahan's favorite wife
    • -20,000 men took 20 years to complete this
    • -Built on the banks of a river and had a surrounding garden, which was broken into quadrants
    • -2 buildings on the property to left and right of Taj Mahal: mosque and a visitors house
    • -Taj Mahal covered in white marble and precious stones
    • -Dome is hollow
    • -Ceremonial tomb at ground level and real tombs underneath
    • -Has minarets
  5. Suleimaniye Cami
    • Istanbul, 1550
    • Designer was similar to Michelangelo
    • -Looks like the Hagia Sophia
    • -Dome w/ buttress
    • -4 minarets
    • -Interior was brighter than Hagia Sophia
    • -Central Plan
    • -Courtyard
    • -Dome 154 ft high, 90 ft in diameter
    • -Held up by 4 pendentives
  6. Sultan Ahmet Mosque (Blue Mosque)
    • Istanbul 1609
    • -1000 years after Hagia Sophia
    • -6 minarets
    • -Blue interior tile work w/ floral motif
    • -Very light inside
    • -Also had shops and public services inside
  7. Beta Giyorgis (Church of St. George)
    • Lalibela, Ethiopia, 13th C.
    • -Built for St. George
    • -Very well proportioned
    • -Greek Cross Plan
    • -Carved into the rock
  8. Great Zimbabwe
    • Zimbabwe, 1300
    • -Large ruins
    • -Wall over 800 ft long and over 20 ft thick in some areas
    • -Zimbabwe means "chief's grave"
    • -Trinkets found, some indicating trade
    • -Seperate hill complex
    • -Main enclosed area opens into a long passageway
    • -Stripped of cultural materials
    • -British kept saying that only a white man could have built it
  9. Mosque of Djenne
    • Mali, Built in stages: 13th C. to 1900's
    • -Oldest city in Africa and major trade route
    • -Mud brick with rice starch for reinforcement
    • -King demolished his own palace to build this
    • -4,000 people work to replaster it every year
    • -60 ft high
    • -No women or non-muslims allowed inside
    • -Hypostyle mosque
    • -Closed and heavy form
  10. Palace of the Governors
    • Santa Fe 1610
    • -Oldest continuously used building in America
    • -Adobe and straw
    • -"Victorianified"
  11. Old Ship Meeting House
    • Hingham, MA 1681
    • -Interior balconies
  12. St. Luke's Old Brick Church
    • Isle of Wright County  VA, 1632
    • -One of the first evangelical churches in U.S.
    • Rectangular
    • -Kind of gothic/classical/renaissance style
  13. Capitol
    • Williamsburg  VA, 1695, Christopher Wren?
    • -Restored by John D Rockefeller
  14. Old North Church
    • Boston  MA, 1723, William Price
    • -2 identical church steeples, 1 is a meeting house
    • -Oldest Boston church
    • -Church that Paul Revere put lanterns on to note that the British were coming
    • -Church has door in front, meeting house has door on side

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