PSYH 151- Chapter 10

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HPizir
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PSYH 151- Chapter 10
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2014-10-29 13:11:27
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PSYH 151 Chapter 10
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PSYH 151- Chapter 10
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  1. the inability to distinguish an actual memory of an event from infomation you learned about the event elsewhere
    source misattribution
  2. Confusion of an even that happened to someone else with one that happened to you, or a belief that you remember something when it never actually happened
    confabulation
  3. True or False? Because they are so vivid, falshbulb memories remain perfectly accurate overtime
    False
  4. Vivid recollections of emotional and important events
    flashbulb memories
  5. Conscious, intentional recollection of an event or of an item of information (declarative memory)
    Example: location of parked car/ Santa's 8 reindeer
    explicit memory
  6. the ability to retireve and reproduce from memory previously encountered material
    recall
  7. the ability to identify previously encountered material
    recognition
  8. Unconscious retention in memory, as evidenced by the effect of a previous experience or previously encountered information on current thoughts or actions
    Example: mulitplication table
    implicit memory
  9. a method for measuring implicit memory in which a person reads or listens to information and is later tested to see whether the information affects performance on another type of task
    priming
  10. a method for measuring retention that compares the time required to relearn material with the time used in the initial learning of the material
    relearning method
  11. A model of memory in which knowledge is represented as connections among thousands of interacting processing units, distributed in a vast network, and all operating in parallel.
    Parallel Distributed Processing Model (PDP)
  12. Alberta solved a crossword puzzle a few days ago. She no longer recalls the words in the puzzle, but while playing a game of Scrabble, she unconsiously tends to form words that were in the puzzle, showing that she has ______________ memories of some of the words.
    implicit
  13. The three basic memory processes are __________, storage, and ____________.
    encoding, retreival
  14. On obejction to traditional information processing theories of memory is that, unlike most computers, the brain performs many independent operations ____________.
    simultaneously
  15. A memory system that momentarily preserves extremely accurate images of sensory information
    Sensory Register
  16. In the three-box model of memory, a limited-capacity memory system involved in the retention of informaion for brief periods; it is also used to hold information from long-term memory for temporary use
    Short-Term Memory (STM)
  17. a meaningful unit of information; it may be composed of smaller units
    chunk
  18. In many models of memory, a cognitively complex form of short-term memory; it involves active mental processes that control retrieval of information from long term memory and interpret that information appropriately for a given task
    Working Memory
  19. In the three-box model of memory, the memory system involved in the long-term storage of information
    Long-Term Memory (LTM)
  20. Memories for the performance of actions of skills ("knowing how")

    Example: braiding hair, riding a bike
    procedural memories
  21. Memories of facts, rules, concepts, and events; they include semantic and episodic memories
    declarative memories
  22. Memories of general knowledge, including facts, rules, concepts, and propositions

    Example: 12 months in a year, 365 days in a year
    Semantic Memories
  23. Memories of personally experienced events and the contexts in which they occured

    Example: 16th birthday, first kiss, wedding day, funeral
    episodic memories
  24. The tendency for recall of the first and last items on a list to surpass recall of times in the middle of the list
    Example: presidents
    Serial-position effect
  25. A long lasting increase in the strength of synaptic responsiveness, thought to be a biological mechanism of long-term memory
    Long-term potentiation
  26. The process by which a long-term memory becomes durable and relatively stable
    Consolidation
  27. Brain Area: Formation, consolidation, and retrieval of emotional memories
    Amygdala
  28. Brain Area: Short-term memory and working-memory tasks
    Frontal lobes
  29. Brain Area: Efficient encoding of words and pictures, working memory, source monitoring
    Prefrontal cortex, parts of temporal lobes
  30. Brain Area: Formation of long-term declarative memories; aids in the retrieval of specific memories; may bind together diverse elements of a memory so it can be retrieved laster as a coherent entity
    Hippocampus
  31. Brain Area: Formation and retention of simple classically conditioned responses
    Cerebellum
  32. Brain Area: Storage of long-term memories, possible in areas involved in the original perception of the information
    Cerebral Cortex
  33. strategies and tricks for improving memory, such as the use of a verse of a formula
    mnemonics
  34. True or False? Hormone research suggests that if you want to remember well, you should be as relaxed as possible while learning
    False
  35. Rote repetition of material in order to maintain its availability in memory
    Maintenance rehearsal
  36. Association of new information with already stored knowledge and analysis of the new information to make it memorable
    elaborative rehearsal
  37. in the encoding of information, the processing of meaning rather than simply the physical of sensory features of a stimulus
    deep processing
  38. the theory that information in memory eventually disappears if it is not accessed; it applies better to short-term than to long-term memory
    Decay theory
  39. Forgetting that occurs when recently learned material interferes with the ability to remember similar material stored previously
    Retroactive interference
  40. Forgetting that occurs when previously stored material interferes with the ability to remember similar, more recently learned material
    Proactive interference
  41. The inability to retrieve information stored in memory because of insufficient cues for recall
    cue-dependent forgetting
  42. The tendency to remember something when they rememberer is in the same physical or mental state as during the original learning or experience
    state-dependent memory
  43. The tendency to remember experiences that are consistent with one's current mood and overlook or forget experiences that are not
    Mood-congruent memory
  44. the partial or complete loss of memory for important personal information
    amnesia
  45. In psychoanalytic theory, the selective, involuntary pushing of threatening or upsetting information into the unconscious
    Repression
  46. Wilma has been a long-time fan of the country singer Tim McGraw. Later, she meets an interesting guy named Tom McGraw, but she keeps calling  him Tim. Why?
    Proactive interference
  47. The inability to remember events and experiences that occurred during the first two or three years of life
    Childhood (infantile) amnesia
  48. process of accessing stored information
    retrieval
  49. Where are procedural memories located in the brain?
    cerebellum
  50. Where are episodic memories located in the brain?
    Frontal lobe

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