Clin Path- Non-Mammalian Hematology.txt

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Author:
Mawad
ID:
287244
Filename:
Clin Path- Non-Mammalian Hematology.txt
Updated:
2014-10-27 17:57:09
Tags:
nonmammalian hematology
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Description:
vet med
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  1. What is the maximum total sample size you can draw from birds and reptiles?
    • Birds- no more than 1% of body weight in grams
    • Reptiles- no more than 0.5% of body weight in grams
  2. What are pre-analytical factors that can affect a CBC in non-mammals?
    excitement/ struggling during sample acquisition, age/sex/breeding condition/season, temperature/hibernation/season, ecdysis, larval vs. adult stage
  3. Regenerative anemia can be caused by...
    blood loss, hemolysis (hemoparasites!)
  4. Polycythemia is often related to _______ in parrots.
    chronic respiratory disease
  5. Heterophilia/neutrophilia are caused by physiological responses epinephrine) if...
    heterophilia and lymphocytosis
  6. Heterophilia/neutrophilia is caused by steroids (stress) if....
    heterophilia and lymphopenia
  7. If heterophilia/neutrophilia is pathological, it is contributed to...(3)
    inflammation, infection, tissue necrosis
  8. Eosinopenia in birds is caused by __________.
    stress (corticosteroids)
  9. Monocytosis is caused by ___________.
    inflammation
  10. Lymphocytosis may be due to.... (5)
    epinephrine release (physiologic), chronic viral disease, inflammation, immune-mediated disease, leukemia
  11. Thrombocytosis is often associated with...(2)
    hemorrhage, bacterial infection
  12. Haemoproteus
    Appearance-
    Cell affected-
    Signs-
    Hosts-
    • Appearance- brown pigment granules
    • Cell affected- RBCs and RE cells
    • Signs- clinical signs are rare
    • Hosts- birds, lizards, turtles, snakes
  13. Leukocytozoon
    Appearance-
    Cell affected-
    Signs-
    Hosts-
    • Appearance- grossly distort host cell; no brown granules
    • Cell affected- WBCs, RBCs
    • Signs- severe regenerative anemia, leukocytosis, hemoglobinuria
    • Hosts- birds
  14. Plasmodium
    Appearance-
    Cell affected-
    Signs-
    Hosts-
    • Appearance- brown pigment granules
    • Cell affected- RBCs, WBCs, platelets
    • Signs- malaria, hemolytic anemia, leukocytosis
    • Hosts- birds, lizards, snakes
  15. Haemogregarines
    Appearance-
    Cell affected-
    Signs-
    Hosts-
    • Appearance- No pigment granules
    • Cell affected- RBCs
    • Signs- not associated with clinical disease
    • Hosts- reptiles, amphibians, fish
  16. Microfilaria
    Appearance-
    Signs-
    Hosts-
    • Appearance- extracellular worms
    • Signs- usually none
    • Hosts- birds, reptiles, amphibians
  17. Trypanosomes
    Appearance-
    Cell affected-
    Signs-
    Hosts-
    • Appearance- extracellular
    • Cell affected-extracellular
    • Signs- usually none

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