PSYH 151- Chapter 11

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HPizir
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PSYH 151- Chapter 11
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2014-10-29 13:21:05
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PSYH 151 Chapter 11
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PSYH 151- Chapter 11
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  1. A state of arousal involving facial and bodily changes, brain activation, cognitive appraisals, subjective feelings, and tendencies toward action
    Emotion
  2. The process by which the facial muscles send messages to the brain about the basic emotion being expressed
    Facial feedback
  3. Brain cells that fire when a person or animal observes another carrying out an action; these neurons appear to be involved in empathy, language comprehension, imitation, and reading emotions
    Mirror neurons
  4. Three-year-old Olivia sees her dad dressed as a gorilla and runs away in fear. What brain structure is probably involved in her emotional reaction?
    amygdala
  5. Ana Maria is watching an old Laurel and Hardy film, which makes her chuckle and makes her want to see more funny movies. Which side of her prefrontal cortex is likely to be most active?
    The left
  6. Casey is watching Horrible Hatchet Homicides in the Haunted House. What cells in his brain are making him wince when the here is being attacked?
    Mirror neurons
  7. A person's perceptions, beliefs, attributions, and goals, which determine which emotion he or she will feel in a given circumstance; they are a central component of emotion and the emotional experience
    Appraisals
  8. Social and cultural rules that regulate when, how, and where a person may express (or suppress) emotions
    Display rules
  9. Expression of an emotion, often because of a role requirement, that a person does not really feel
    Emotion work
  10. True or False? Throughout the world, women are more emotionally expressive than men.
    False
  11. According to Hans Selye, a series of physiological reactions to stress occurring in three phases: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion
    General adaption syndrome
  12. A system activated to energize the body to respond to stressors. The hypothalamus sends chemical messengers to the pituitary gland, which in turn prompts the adrenal cortex to produce cortisol and other hormones
    HPA (hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal cortex) axis
  13. A hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex that elevates blood sugar and protects the body's tissues in case of injury; if chronically elevated due to stress, it can lead to hyperextension, immune disorders, other illnesses, and possibly depression
    Cortisol
  14. The study of the relationships among psychology, the nervous and endocrine systems, and the immune system
    Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)
  15. a general expectation about whether the results of your actions are under your own control or beyond your control
    locus of control
  16. An effort to modify reality by changing other people, the situation, or events; a "fighting back" philosophy
    primary control
  17. An effort to accept reality by changing your own attitudes, goals, or emotions; a "learn to live with it" philosophy
    secondary control
  18. hormone that induces relaxation and is associated with mothering and attachment
    oxytocin
  19. ability to think about a stressor differently
    reappraisal
  20. True of False? the facial feedback hypothesis sugges that if you smile, your mood will become more positive
    true
  21. What part of the brain acts 1st when dealing with emotions?
    amygdala
  22. What part of the brain will assess the situation?
    cerebral cortex
  23. What side of the brain emits good emotions?
    left hemisphere
  24. What part of the brain produces bad emotions?
    right hemisphere
  25. You are cleaning out a closet when suddenly a large spider jumps onto your hand. You scream out in fear. What part of your brain is probably involoved in this emotional reaction? 
    amygdala
  26. You come in second in a race. You tell yourself that you tried your hardest and that you made the best possible effort. How do you likely feel about your finish?
    positive
  27. Bill is a fligth attendent and has been dealing with several rude customers on the flight. His outward expression, however, remains cheerful and polite to all of the passengers. This is an example of:
    Emotion Work
  28. During which phase of the General Adaption Syndrome is a person most vulnerable to disease?
    Exhaustion
  29. Suppose you have several difficult exams coming up soon. If your thought is "There's no way I can study enought to get an A in Psychology." then what is your locus of control?
    External
  30. John was recently in a car accident. His reaction was to talk to all of his friendsa about how scary the incident was and how upset he is, John is engaging in:
    Emotion-focused coping
  31. When experiencing an intense emotion, what two hormones are released?
    Epinephrine and Nonepinephrine

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