CHW Midterm 6

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CHW Midterm 6
2014-10-28 23:35:11

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  1. different types of vegetarians.
    • Lactovegetarian
    • Ovolactovegetarian
    • Vegan
  2. Lactovegetarian
    • Most common type
    • will eat milk & milk products & foods from plant kingdom
  3. Ovolactovegetarian
    eats milk, milks products, eggs & food from plant kingdom
  4. Vegan
    won’t consume any animal byproducts 
  5. Identify foods within each of the food groups as well as different types of fats, additive sugars
    a. This is mostly review, I would just skim through the powerpoints since it’s a lot of information (don’t mean to be lazy, but I figured it would be better to skim through them all instead of trusting me to distill it all) 
  6. Why is Vitamin D being looked at so closely in diets? Who is at risk for low Vitamin D. How much Vitamin D should you get on a daily basis 
    Aim for getting at least 800 to 1,000 IU ; multiple vitamins are now available with this amount. (Many people, especially those who spend the winter in the northern U.S. or have darker skin, will need extra vitamin D)
  7. Be able to identify affective, psychomotor and cognitive aspects of a nutrition screen. 
    • Cognitive: What do you know about nutrition? 
    • i. Ex: tell me what you know about fiber, About how many cups of water should a person drink each day
    • Psychomotor: behavioral, what do you actually consume?
    • i. How many dairy products do you consume each day/week? How many vegetables? 
    • c. How committed you are to changing how you eat
    • i. On a scale of 1 to 10, how committed are you to: eating some or a lot or dark green or orange vegetables each day? 
  8. Identify the key components of the IDEA legislation. 
    • a. Individuals with Disabilites Education Act of 1990 → public schools required by law to service disabled children 
    • b. Guarantees a free and appropriate public education to those children with disabilities
    • c. Part H- birth through 2 years of age; provisions of early intervention
    • d. Part B- age 3 to 21 years of age
    • e. 1997 amendment to IDEA: need to prove results for children with disabilities → developed individual education program (IEP) to identify disabilities and assess how special education, general education & special services (OT, PT, ST) contribute to child’s needs & lead to results 
    • f. Want to provide support in the least restrictive environment (not isolating them if unnecessary)
    • g. Address behavior that impedes learning proactively (no hitting or yelling, understanding what triggers certain behaviors) 
  9. Identify the 4 different titles of the ADA legislation
    • Title I: Employment
    • Title II: State and Local Government/Transportation
    • Title III: Public Accomodations
    • Title IV: Telecommunications
  10. List architectural barriers in the community for those with disabilities
    • Doorways, heavy doors, stairs, poorly adapted/absent ramps
    • High shelves, narrow aisles, poorly adapted restrooms
    • Inaccessible busses, vans and rapid rail systems
    • Altered sidewalks, unreachable store merchandise, poor lighting, buildings without adequate signs to access point, lack of handicap parking
  11. Define the term assistive technology.
    any item, piece of equipment or product system whether acquired, commercially off the shelf, modified or customized that is used to increase or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities (environmental controls/augmentative communication devices)
  12. What are some of the guidelines to consider when recommending assistive technology to those in need? 
    • Match the product with the personal needs of the individual
    • Examine cost benefits. If the item is not that costly & could really improve a person’s level of independence, then it might result in savings
    • Avoid being fooled by pretty advertisement, check out the product and make sure that it does what is suppose to do 
    • Find out the reputation of the product. Is it reliable?
    • Inquire from others who have used the device
    • Avoid vendor bias. Purchase products based on recommendations or decisions made jointly by the therapist & consumer
    • Make sure there is a desire to use the product
    • Find out how difficult the product will be to install
    • Find out how difficult the product will be to operated
    • Find out what is involved in the care of the product
    • Find out if the product is portable or stationary
    • Look at return policies and warranties
    • Review consumer reports for complaints of ineffective products
    • Find out if the product may soon be obsolete
    • Know that buying a product may not be the best answer. Rental or adaptation of a common item might do the job 
  13. negotiability.
    refer to the person’s ability to access a feature of the environment & use it for its intended purpose with only one’s usual adaptive equipment & in a manner acceptable to the individual… Involves a functional interaction among the person, environment and equipment
  14. How do you calculate the negotiability of an environment? What is an acceptable percentage of negotiability for a client to be able to function in their home? When negotiability percentage is low what will you need to do for the client to live in their environment?
    • Calculate negotiability-Number of environmental features negotiated by client/number in home x 100= % of negotiated features
    • It depends, 55% is probably not good enough to be able to function independently in a home.