CHW Midterm 7

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CHW Midterm 7
2014-10-28 23:39:24

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  1. Vision environmental solutions
    rearrange furniture, avoid clutter, use contrasting colors to define surfaces, use tactile indicators to indicate the beginning and end of stairs, use non glare lighting with dimmers and multi bulbs, use light filtering window treatments, use magnification devices and adaptations on computer, TV, and for reading
  2. Hearing environmental solutions
    use audible and visual signals for doorbell, telephone and smoke alarm, vibrating signals on bed to alert when sleeping, amplify sounds on TV, telephone, use close captioning, use TDD/TTY, relay system, email or fax machines for communication, use sound absorbing material, arrange furniture so seating is close to each other
  3. Smell environmental solutions
    use gas stove in well vented area, install gas leak indicators, install smoke alarms in every floor in key locations, date all open/prepared foods
  4. Perception environmental solutions
    high contrast, large lettering (emergency exits, directions for appliance use, reminders), color code hot/cold, avoid blending patterns and clutter, remove unsafe items in environment
  5. Balance environmental solutions
    open, unobstructed environment, eliminate excessive reaching and bending to stay close to center of gravity, use sturdy furniture with steady arm support, use tools with extending handles for reaching, use handrails and grab bars
  6. Tactile Sense environmental solutions
    vary textile surfaces, anti scald devices on faucets, turn down water heater to 115 degrees or less, use stove top with staggered burns to avoid reaching over the top of a hot burner, use a stove top with front or side controls, avoid sharp edges on counters and furniture, use large handles/easy grip things, use electronic controls on doors, faucets, windows
  7. What is the definition of universal design? What are some of the features of universal design? 
    • An approach to design that acknowledges the changes by everyone during his/her lifetime. It considers children, the elderly, people who are tall or short and those with various disabilities. It addresses the life span of the human beings beyond the person’s current age/phase of life
    • Respects human diversity and promotes inclusion of all people in all activities of life
    • Not an identifiable architectural or design style
    • Way of thinking about the design process and how it can provide comfort and convenience for all people
    • No step entry (zero grade entry)
    • Single floor living
    • Wide doorways and hallways (doorways 36 inches wide, hallways 42 inches wide)
    • Reachable controls and switches (light switches 42-48 inches above floor, thermostats no higher than 48 inches high, electrical outlets 18-24 inches from floor)
    • Easy to use handles and switches (lever styles handles and faucets, rocker light switches)
  8. Universal design has 7 key principles – be able to identify the principles
    • 1. Equitable Use- the design is useful & marketable to any group of users
    • 2. Flexibility in Use- the design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities
    • 3. Simple & Intuitive Use- use of the design is easy to understand regardless of the user’s experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level
    • 4. Perceptible Information- the design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of ambient conditions or the users sensory abilities
    • 5. Tolerance for Error- the design minimizes hazards & the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions 
    • 6. Low Physical Effort- the design can be use efficiently & comfortable with minimal fatigue
    • 7. Size & Space for Approach & Use- appropriate size & space is provided for approach, reach, manipulation & use regardless of user’s body size, posture or mobility
  9. Be able to identify the ADA ramping guidelines.  If I have a height of 62 inches to get in the front steps, how much ramping will I need?  
    The ratio is 1 inch of height requires 12 inches of ramping so 62 inches x 12 = 744 inches
  10. Identify community resources that could be put in place to allow a client to stay in their home.
    • • Home care for personal care assistance
    • • Driving programs
    • • Dry cleaning/laundry service
    • • Grocery delivery- Pea Pod
    • • Movies delivered or via internet
    • • Meals on Wheels
    • • Medication delivery
    • • Garbage pickup
    • • Mail delivery to the door
    • • Pet walkers