patient care vocab quiz over ch 17 basic ecg monitoring and crossword HO

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  1. Angina
    severe, often constricting pain or sensation of pressure, usually referring to angina pectoris
  2. atrium
    chamber or cavity to which are connected several chambers or passageways
  3. arrythmia
    loss of rhythm; an irregularity of the heartbeat
  4. Cardiogram
    tracing that depicts the hearts elect. activity
  5. Depolarization
    cardiac muscle cells change from negatively charged to a more positively charged state
  6. Dysrhythmia
    disorder of the formation or conduction of the electrical impulse in the heart that alters the heart rate or rhythm or both.
  7. Hemodynamic
    factor affecting the force and flow of circulating blood
  8. interventricular
    septal branches of left-right coronary artery;the interv septal branches; branches of the anterior and posterior interv arteries distributed to the muscle of the interv septum
  9. mediastinum
    a septum between two pleural cavities containing all the thoracic structures except the lungs and pleurae
  10. myocardial infarction
    death of heart tissue resulting from lack of oxygenated blood flow.
  11. myocardial ischemia
    insufficient oxygenation of the tissues of the heart muscle
  12. myocardium
    the middle muscular layer of the heart
  13. myocytes
    muscle cells
  14. normal sinus rhythm
    pacing impulse begins in the sinus node and travels normally down the electrical conduction pathways
  15. oscilloscope
    screen on which ecg patterns appear
  16. repolarization
    cardiac muscle cells return to a more negatively charged intracellular condition (resting state)
  17. septum
    thin wall dividing two cavities
  18. thrombi
    collections of platelets, fibrin, and clotting factors that attach to the interior wall of a vein and may result in occlusion of a vessel
  19. ventricle
    normal cavity, as of the heart
  20. asepsis
    condition free from germs
  21. biohazard
    anything that is harmful or potentially harmful to humans, other species, or the environment
  22. bloodborne
    carried by the blood or found in the blood
  23. CDC
    centers for disease control and prevention, atlanta, GA
  24. Contact
    direct or indirect transmission of a communicable disease from the host to a healthy person.
  25. contaminated
    to no longer be clean or sterile
  26. decontamination
    the use of physical, chemical or other means to remove, inactivate or destroy harmful microorganisms from persons, spaces, surfaces or objects
  27. droplet
    small drops of liquid, such as what occurs with a sneeze, can carry infectious organisms
  28. exposure
    to be in contact with an infected person or agent.
  29. germ
    microorganism, especially one that causes disease
  30. gloves
    protective covering for the hands
  31. gown
    covering made of cloth or paper used to protect the clothing of the caregiver from contamination
  32. hand washing
    technique used by meical personnel to clean the hands of transient germs and irt
  33. hepatitis
    inflammation of the liver most commonly caused by one of five hepatitis viruses can also be caused by other viruses, bacteria, parasites, drugs, alcohol and chemicals
  34. host
    organism from which a parasite obtains its nourishment
  35. infectious
    producing an infection
  36. isolation
    the separation of infected persons from others
  37. microorganism
    very small living organism not seen by the ned eye. ex- bacteria, yeasts, molds. and viruses
  38. nutrients
    elements or chemical compounds necessary for the bodys proper functioning ex- vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbs, fats, water
  39. nutrition
    process by which the elements and compounds necessary for the creation, maintenance and restoration of the cells are made available to the body from food
  40. nosocomial
    infection acquired in a hospital
  41. pathogen
    microorganism or substance capable of producing a disease
  42. portal
    avenue by which infectious organisms gain access to the body
  43. precaution
    steps to prevent an unwanted outcome
  44. reservoir
    person, animal, plant, soil or substance in which an infectious agent normally lives and multiplies, and where it reproduces itself in a way that allows transmission to a susceptible host.
  45. resident
    living in one place, resident bacteria are those that live on or in the human host and cannot be removed from the skin by washing.
  46. sharps
    medical objects that may cause punctures or cuts to those handling them, including all broken medical glassware, syringes, needles, scalpel blades, suture needles, and disposable razors.
  47. sterilize
    destroy all organisms
  48. susceptible
    likely to be infected, as with an infection
  49. TB
    infectious disease which is increasing in occurrence. most commonly affects the lungs, but may affect the GI and genitourinary tracts, bones, joints, nervous system, lymph nodes and skin as well. 3 types-human, bovine(cow) and avian (bird). humans can get all 3
  50. trans
    across, over, beyond, or through
  51. transient
    not lasting, transient bacteria are those that are acquired by direct or indirect contact. can be removed by washing.
  52. virus
    latin for poison, smallest organism that can be seen by an electron microscope. can only live inside a cell where it reproduces itself. viruses can cause disease immediately or can live in the cell for many years before becoming active.
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patient care vocab quiz over ch 17 basic ecg monitoring and crossword HO
patient care vocab ch 17
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