AP Psych: Quiz on Learning

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AP Psych: Quiz on Learning
2014-10-29 18:44:26
ap psych psychology learning
Senior Psychology
Show Answers:

  1. Spontaneous Recovery refers to
    Reappearance, after a rest pause, of an extinguished conditioned response
  2. Humans most easily develop a conditioned aversion to alcohol if its taste is associated with
    Pain-Producing Response
  3. After being bitten by his neighbor's dog, Miguel experienced fear at the sight of that dog, but not at the sight of other dogs. This best illustrates..
  4. In Pavlov's experiments, the dog's salivation triggered by the sound of the tone was an...
    Conditioned Response
  5. A year after surviving a classroom shooting incident, Angie still responds with terror at the sight of toy guns and to the sound of balloons popping. This reaction best illustrates
  6. In Pavlov's experiments on the salivary conditioning of dogs, the unconditioned stimulus was
    The presentation of food in the dog's mouth
  7. Through direct experience with animals, we come to anticipate that dogs will bark and that birds will chirp. This best illustrates...
    Associative Learning
  8. In Pavlov's experiments, the dog's salivation triggered by the taste of food was a...
    Unconditioned Response
  9. If a tone causes a dog to salivate because it has regularly been associated with the presentation of food, the tone is called a(n)
    Conditioned Stimulus
  10. Toddlers taught to fear speeding cars may also begin to fear speeding trucks and motorcycles. This best illustrates...
  11. The most crucial ingredient in all of learning is...
  12. Laurie's thumb-sucking has become habitual because she begins to feel less anxious whenever she sucks her thumb. This best illustrates the process of...
    Classical Conditioning
  13. Skinner's work elaborated what Thorndike called...
    The law of effect
  14. Five year old Trevor is emotionally disturbed and refuses to communicate with anyone. To get him to speak, his teacher initially gives him candy for any utterance, then only for a clearly spoken word, and finally for a complete sentence. His teacher is using the method of...
  15. Escape for an aversive stimulus is a _____ reinforcer.
  16. Money is to food as _____ is to _____
    • Secondary Reinforcer to
    • Primary Reinforcer
  17. Revoking the license of a reckless driver is intended to serve as a
    Negative Punishment
  18. The way that slot machines reward gamblers in Atlantic City with money, best illustrates
    Partial Reinforcement
  19. If rats are allowed to wander through a complicated maze, they will subsequently run the maze with few errors when a food reward is placed at the end. Their increasing performance demonstrates
    Latent Learning
  20. Some psychologists believe that rats develop mental representations of mazes they have explored. These representations have been called...
    Cognitive Maps
  21. A patient who had long feared going into elevators was told by his therapist to force himself to go into 20 elevators a day. The therapist most likely wanted to encourage the ____ of the patient's fear.
  22. Long after being bitten by a stray dog, Alonzo found that his fear of dogs seemed to have disappeared. To his surprise, however, when he was recently confronted by a stray dog, he experienced a sudden twinge of anxiety. This sudden anxiety best illustrates
    Spontaneous Recovery
  23. Classical Conditioning Formula:
    You throw a wild party at which you consume too much alcohol. (Vodka and Orange Juice) You become very sick and spend a few hours vomiting. The next morning after cleaning up the mess you pour yourself a class of orange juice and immediately become nauseated and run to the bathroom to vomit some more.
    Alcohol → Vomiting

    Orange Juice → Nothing

    Alcohol + Orange Juice → Vomiting

    Orange Juice → Vomiting
  24. Classical Conditioning Formula:

    Frank loves to swim in the lake near his house. After swimming in the lake one afternoon, he discovered two big slimy blood sucking leeches attached to his leg. He was repulsed by the experience of pulling the slimy bodies off his leg. Now when he drives by the lake he shudders in disgust
    • Leeches → Disgust
    • Lake → Nothing
    • Leeches + Lake → Disgust
    • Lake → Disgust
  25. Classical Conditioning Formula:
    As a child, you witness your parents react in a very scared manner to a particular minority group. After witnessing several occurrences of this, you become scared of the same minority group.
    • Parents scared manner → fear
    • Minority group → nothing
    • Parents scared manner + minority group → fear
    • Minority group → fear
  26. Classical Conditioning Formula:
    Before your daughter leaves home she gives you a kiss on the cheek, and screams to her siblings. This makes you wince in pain every time. After years of doing this, every time you get a kiss on the cheek you wince.
    • Screams → Wince
    • Kiss → Nothing
    • Kiss + Scream → Wince
    • Kiss → Wince
  27. Classical Conditioning Formula:
    Your slob of a friend has created a smell in his house that is absolutely unbearable - so much that it makes you nauseous. After visiting the house several times, you notice that when you pull up to his house, you start to feel nauseous
    • Smell → Nauseous
    • Pulling up to the house → Nothing
    • Smell + Pulling up the house → Nauseous
    • Pulling up to the house → Nauseous