L2 Instructor Self-Test Part 1 - Legal and Regulatory
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What is the legal basis for glider pilots to be able to fly gliders and powered sailplanes without holding a licence issued by the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA)?
Civil Aviation Order (CAO) 95.4 (buff pages in GFA Ops Manual, page 3, sub-section 3A Licence not required).
Is it necessary for a person to be a member of the GFA in order to fly gliders in Australia?
No. A person may choose to either be a member of GFA or to undertake in writing to maintain and operate the aircraft in accordance with the standards of the GFA (CAO 95.4, page 3, sub-section 4.1 (a).
Is it necessary for a person to be a member of the GFA in order to fly tug aircraft in Australia?
Is a medical examination required to fly gliders as pilot-in-command?
No, unless a person is unable to sign the medical declaration at Appendix A to the GFA Operational Regulations or if a person is returning to gliding after a serious illness (GFA Op Regs, blue pages of Ops Manual).
What effect does a pilot’s age have on the medical requirements for a Charter rating?
If a pilot is under 40 years of age, a medical examination by the person’s GP (NOT a CASA-authorised medical examiner) is required every four years for the renewal of a Charter rating. If a pilot is over 40, the examination is required every two years (GFA Op Reg 5.2.4).
What are the experience requirements for upgrading from Level 1 to Level 2 instructor?
An FAI Silver C or higher badge, 25 hours instructing experience as a Level 1 (GFA Op Reg 5.4.9).
Who may train and carry out the oral examination to authorise a glider pilot to hold a GFA Radiotelephone Operator Authorisation?
Any instructor who holds a Flight Radiotelephone Operator Licence issued by CASA or a Radiotelephone Operator Authorisation issued by GFA (GFA Op Reg 5.5.1).
Is it possible to allow a person undertaking a charter flight to manipulate the controls of a glider or powered sailplane?
No (GFA Op Reg 6.3.3 (c) (v))
What precaution must be taken when flying a person under the age of 18 years in ANY capacity?
No person under the age of 18 may fly in any capacity without the written permission of parent or legal guardian (GFA Op Reg 6.1.12)
What is the legal basis for the carriage of passengers for hire and reward under the terms of an Air Operator’s Certificate?
CAO 95.4.1 (Buff pages of GFA Ops Manual, following on from CAO 95.4)
What are minimum strip lengths required for winch-launching, auto-towing and aerotowing? Where will this information be found?
Winch-launching 1200 metres, auto-towing 1600 metres, aerotowing in accordance with published take-off performance in the towing supplement of the tug’s flight manual (GFA MOSP 22.1.7 and Op Reg 7.4.1)
Is it possible to vary the minimum strip lengths for the above launch methods? If so, who is authorised to make such a variation?
In the case of winch or auto launching, the RTO/Ops has discretionary powers to vary strip length. For aerotowing, the tug-pilot (as the command pilot of the combination) must base all take-off decisions on the requirements of Op Reg 7.4.1)
What is the minimum number of legs required to meet the strict legal requirement for circuit-joining at an aerodrome?
3 (GFA Op Reg 8.25)
What are the radio requirements in (a) an MBZ (formerly MTAF) and (b) a CTAF?
(a) Carriage and use of VHF radio is mandatory in an MBZ (GFA Op Reg 6.4.8). (b) Non-radio aircraft, including gliders, may operate in a CTAF without a radio, but if radio is carried it must be on the CTAF frequency and used to monitor all broadcasts and respond as appropriate.
What are the three gliding frequencies? Is it necessary to have a Flight Radiotelephone Operator’s licence or GFA logbook endorsement in order to operate a VHF radio on these frequencies?
122.5, 122.7 and 122.9 Mhz. No.
Is an Air Traffic Control clearance required to fly a glider in Class D airspace? What about Class G?
- Yes in Class D.
- No in Class G.
Give an example of the broadcast a radio-equipped glider would make on entering a CTAF area. Can a non-radio glider enter such an area?
"All stations Bacchus Marsh CTAF, glider Alpha Bravo Charlie entering the CTAF from the west at 2,000 feet, descending to enter left-hand circuit downwind for runway 27." Yes, a non-radio glider is permitted to operate in a CTAF area.
Is it necessary for a glider to monitor the Area VHF frequency when operating above 5,000 feet AMSL?
No. Gliders are encouraged, but not required, to monitor the area VHF frequency when operating above 5,000 feet outside of controlled airspace (GFA Op Reg 6.4.9).
What sub-scale setting shall be used on the altimeter (a) below 10,000 feet AMSL and (b) above 10,000 feet AMSL?
(a) The aerodrome or area QNH. In the absence of actual QNH information, it is sufficiently accurate for a glider to set airfield elevation AMSL on the altimeter prior to take-off (GFA Op Reg 6.4.4). (b) The altimeter shall be set to 1013.2 hPa and heights shall be reported as Flight Levels.
(a) What is the standard marker to be displayed at an aerodrome when gliding operations are taking place?
(b) What size should this marker be?
(c) Should it be left out all the time or only when gliding ops are taking place?
- (a) A double white cross in the signals area or next to the primary windsock.
- (b) The cross should be 5M long by 2.5M wide, the two cross-bars to be approximately 2M apart and the thickness of all bars to be 0.4M.
- (c) Only when gliding ops are taking place.
What is the minimum height AGL by which all aerobatics (including spinning) should be completed?
1,000 feet AGL, except within 2 NM of a licenced aerodrome, when they should be completed by 2,000 feet AGL.
Is thermalling permitted on the live side of the circuit at a licenced aerodrome?
Legally yes, but only if the glider is monitoring the CTAF frequency and responding to calls as appropriate. Airmanship considerations often outweigh legalities.
Like any other aircraft, the minimum height for a glider to fly is 500 feet AGL, unless it is in the process of taking off or landing. Is there an exception to this rule for hill-soaring?
Yes (GFA Op Reg 8.11 (b) (iv). However, notwithstanding this general exemption, Op Reg 8.12 states that a glider engaged in hill-soaring shall maintain a minimum of 100 feet AGL when within 100 metres of any person, dwelling or public road.
To whom must an accident be reported? What is the degree of urgency for this report to be made and where can the relevant phone numbers be obtained?
To the RTO/Ops and the Bureau of Air Safety Investigation, without delay (GFA Op Reg 11.1). Relevant phone numbers are on the cover sheet of the GFA Simplified Accident Report Forms, supplied to all club CFIs.
If there has been no communication from a glider flying cross-country in a Designated Remote Area, what is the latest time by which Search and Rescue (SAR) action must be initiated? How do you do this?
2100 hours local time (GFA Op Reg 12.3). SAR action is initiated by contacting the Rescue Coordination Centre on 1800 815 257. Further details may be found in the GFA publication “Airways and Radio Procedures for Glider Pilots."
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