Chem 230 Unit 3 (part 1)
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Chem 230 Unit 3 (part 1)
organic chem chapter 14
Chapter 14 Fall 2014
a carboxylic acid contains
methanoic acid aka
ethanoic acid aka
propanoic acid aka
to name carboxylic acids with IUPAC name?
polarity of carb acids?
carb acids form ____ in which hydrogen bonds form between two carboxyl groups
has a higher boiling point than alcohols, ketones and aldehydes
acidity of carb acids?
ionize in water
are a product of the neutralization of a carboxylic acid with a strong base
carboxylic acid salts
used as preservatives and flavor enhancers
carb acid salts
carb acids are prepared by oxidation of?
primary alcohols and aldehydes
primary alcohol to aldehyde
primary alcohol to carb acid
carb acids react with strong based to form
naming salts of carb acids?
drop -ic and add -ate
RCR with double bond O on C
make esters by? break esters by?
the reaction of a carb acid and alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst to produce an ester
ex of ester products?
oil of wintergreen
an ester reacts with water to produce a carb acid and an alcohol
acid hydrolysis of esters
the reaction of an ester with a strong base
base hydrolysis or saponification
long chain carbon tail with carb end
contains a nonpolar end that dissolves in nonpolar fats and oils and a polar end that dissolves in water
ex of condensation polymers
naming acid chlorides?
replace -oic acid with -oyl acid
slightly polar, and reacts violently with water
means without water and is usually symmetrical
just add anhydride to end
end with amine
means something attached to nitrogen
hydrogen bonding for amines?
bond with primary and secondary, but not in tertiary
amines solubility in water?
1-5 carbon atoms are soluble
an amine is very
what is more soluble than amine
forms when an amine is neutralized by acid
when naming amine salts?
replace amine with ammonium followed by the name of the negative ion
properties of amine salts?
solid at room temps
soluble in water and body fluids
the form used for drugs
produced by reacting a carb acid with ammonia or an amine
when naming amides ?
use capital N
polar, soluble in water with capability of hydrogen bonding
physical properties of amides?
all form hydrogen bonds
soluble in water with 1-5 carbons
hydrogen bonding occurs between ____ amides
add HCl and water
to produce a carb acid and an ammonium salt
the produce the salt of a carb acid and an amine or ammonia
salts are more?
soluble in water
the peptide bond is an
ginormous in our bodies