Stomach: Mixing / Churning ; Gastric fluid containing Pepsin and HCI break down proteins
Liver / Gall Bladder: None ; Liver creates bile and gall bladder secreted bile into the tract which emulsifies fats into smaller droplets
Pancreas: None ; Secretes several enzymes into the tract that aid in chemical digestion of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates (FCP)
Small intestine : None ; Secretes enzymes that complete the chemical digestion of all nutrients
What does HCI do to enzymes?
It allows them to work faster
What happens when a fat is emulsified?
It is made into smaller, separated droplets that cannot combine back together
What are the end products of digestion?
Amino acids, monosaccharides, glycerol, and fatty acids
What happens to the end products of digestion?
They are absorbed into the bloodstream via the blood vessels in the lining of the small instesting
Explain this diagram and answer the question
The villi are the finger-like projection coming off of the walls of the small intestine. In the villi are microvilli. Both the villi and the microvilli increase the surface area so more particles can be absorbed. Non absorbed particles go to the large intestine.
What is / does the large intestine do?
It completes the absorption of water and results in feces
What is the purpose of the circulatory system?
To move oxygen and food to parts of the body as well as to bring waste products to where they can be removed
What are the three major components of the circulatory system?
The heart, blood, and blood vessels
What is the muscle that is used to pump blood through the body?
What is the sequence of blood flow?
(He, Raj-Aniqua Rev-Vela, loves Leila-Aniqua Louise-Vela because)
Heart, right artery, right ventricle, lungs, left artery, left ventricle, body
Which side of the body/heart is oxygenated and which is deoxygenated?
Right = deoxygenated
Left = Oxygenated
What transports nutrients and wastes to and from all body tissues?