Chap 6

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  1. civil rights
    The freedom to participate in the life of the community
  2. strict scrutiny
    Supreme Court is allowed to strike down laws that single out a race or ethnicity, unless there’s a strong reason for doing it
  3. quasi-suspect category
    Requires the governments to have an important state purpose for any laws that single out sex or gender
  4. Missouri compromise
    An agreement allowing southern territories west of the Mississippi open to slavery while closing northern territories
  5. abolition
    19th century movement demanding an immediate and unconditional end to slavery
  6. compromise of 1850
    • Compromise allowing territories to vote on whether they would be slave
    • or free. Also including a law that forced northerners to return African Americans
    • into bondage, and allowed California to enter the union as a free state.
  7. dred scott v. sanford
    A slave named Dred Scot sued for freedom, when returning to Missouri after living in a free territory. A Supreme Court decision stating the black men couldn’t be citizens under the U.S. Constitution
  8. emancipation proclamation
    President Abraham Lincoln declares the slaves in all rebel states free.
  9. equal protection of the laws
    the 14th Amendment requires equal treatment for all citizens
  10. reconstruction
    • A failed effort pursued by Northerners and Southerners to rebuild the
    • South and establish racial equality after the Civil War
  11. literary test
    Voters must be literate but really to restrict black suffrage
  12. Plessy v. ferguson
    1896 Supreme Court permitting racial segregation
  13. dejure discrimination
    Discrimination established by laws
  14. defacto discrimination
    Subtle forms of discrimination existing without a legal basis
  15. brown v. board of education
    The Supreme Court case striking down segregated schools as unconstitutional.
  16. freedom riders
    Activists who rode buses to protest segregation on interstate bus lines
  17. filibuster
    Senators simply talking and refusing to permit a vote. Ends only when 60 senators vote for cloture.
  18. civil rights act of 1964
    • Landmark legislation forbidding state and local governments to discriminate. Empowered the federals government to withhold funds from
    • segregated schools
  19. disproportionate impact
    The effect of some policies discriminating even if it’s not consciously intended
  20. school busing
    Integrating public schools by mixing students from different neighborhoods
  21. new jim crow
    The idea that penal policy unjustly targets black men and creates disadvantages for blacks by stripping them of full citizenship rights
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Chap 6
2014-10-31 17:16:14

chap 6
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