PSY 150 Chp 16 (Final)

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jtran
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28770
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PSY 150 Chp 16 (Final)
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2010-08-03 16:58:07
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Chapter 16 question
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  1. 1. A lack of conscience is most characteristic of those who have a(n) ________ disorder.

    A) dissociative
    B) antisocial personality
    C) generalized anxiety
    D) obsessive-compulsive
    B) antisocial personality
  2. 2. Literally translated, schizophrenia means:

    A)“word salad”
    B)“possessor of delusions”
    C)“split mind”
    D)“scattered psyche”
    C)“split mind”
  3. 3. Obsessions are:

    A) persistent, irrational fears of specific objects or situations.
    B) false beliefs of persecution or grandeur.
    C) periodic episodes of intense dread accompanied by frightening physical sensations.
    D) offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy a person.
    D) offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy a person.
  4. 4. Delusions of persecution are most common among those with ________schizophrenia.

    A) catatonic
    B) disorganized
    C) residual
    D) paranoid
    D) paranoid
  5. 5. Kaylee is so afraid of spiders and insects that she avoids most outdoor activities andeven refuses to go to the basement of her own house alone. Kaylee appears to sufferfrom a(n):

    A) obsessive-compulsive disorder.
    B) histrionic personality disorder.
    C) bipolar disorder.
    D) phobia.
    D) phobia.
  6. 6. For society, the most troubling of psychologicaldisorders is:

    A) obsessive-compulsive disorder.
    B)Delusional disorder
    C)Dissociative disorder.
    D)Anti-social personality disorder
    B)Delusional disorder
  7. 7. An antisocial personality disorder is most likely to be characterized by:

    A) a persistent, irrational fear of people.
    B) episodes of intense autonomic nervous system arousal.
    C) disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity.
    D) a lack of guilt feelings.
    D) a lack of guilt feelings.
  8. 8. While he was studying, Matthew was suddenly overwhelmed by feelings of intenseapprehension. For several minutes he felt so agitated that he could not catch his breath.Matthew was most likely suffering from a(n):

    A) bipolar disorder.
    B) panic attack.
    C) obsessive-compulsive disorder.
    D) dysthymic disorder.
    B) panic attack.
  9. 9. Mr. Hunt believes that he is the president of the United States and that he will soonbecome the “King of the Universe.” Mr. Hunt is most clearly suffering from:

    A) delusions.
    B) obsessions.
    C) hallucinations.
    D) dissociative identity disorder.
    A) delusions.
  10. 10. Disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity are most characteristic of________ disorders.

    A) bipolar
    B) obsessive-compulsive
    C) generalized anxiety
    D) dissociative
    D) dissociative
  11. 11. Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible, enduring, and socially maladaptivebehavior patterns are called ________ disorders.

    A) acute
    B) free-floating
    C) reactive
    D) personality
    D) personality
  12. 12. In which type of disorder is a person's speech likely to be so full of unrelated wordsand phrases that it could be characterized as a “word salad”?

    A) panic disorder
    B) obsessive-compulsive disorder
    C) schizophrenia
    D) dissociative disorder
    C) schizophrenia
  13. 163. Two years after being brutally beaten and raped, Brianna still experiences jumpyanxiety and has trouble sleeping and vivid flashbacks of her assault. Brianna is mostclearly showing signs of:

    A) panic disorder.
    B) post-traumatic stress disorder.
    C) generalized anxiety disorder.
    D) social phobia.
    B) post-traumatic stress disorder.
  14. 14. Although Mrs. Petrides usually sits passively in a motionless stupor, she sometimesrepetitiously shakes her head or waves her arms. She most likely suffers from:

    A) paranoia.
    B) a bipolar disorder.
    C) an obsessive-compulsive disorder.
    D) catatonia.
    D) catatonia.
  15. 15. Bad habits and/or behaviors that reduce worry and fear are most indicative of:

    A) bipolar disorder.
    B) an anxiety disorder.
    C) catatonia.
    D) attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
    B) an anxiety disorder.
  16. 16. Norby, an 18-year-old college freshman, has missed almost all his classes during thepast month. He spends most of his time in his bedroom, frequently not even botheringto get dressed or eat meals. He thinks his whole life has been a failure and blameshimself for being a social misfit. Norby is most likely suffering from:

    A) major depressive disorder.
    B) an antisocial personality disorder.
    C) a dissociative disorder.
    D) an obsessive-compulsive disorder.
    A) major depressive disorder.
  17. 17. Ravi brushes his teeth 18 times a day. Each time, he uses exactly 83 strokes up and 83strokes down. After he eats, he must brush twice with two different brands oftoothpaste. Ravi suffers from a(n):

    A) obsessive-compulsive disorder.
    B) phobia.
    C) generalized anxiety disorder.
    D) bipolar disorder.
    A) obsessive-compulsive disorder.
  18. 18. The billionaire aviator Howard Hughes insisted that his assistants carry out elaboratehand-washing rituals and wear white gloves when handling any document he wouldlater touch. His behavior best illustrated the symptoms of:

    A) antisocial personality disorder.
    B) obsessive-compulsive disorder.
    C) bipolar disease.
    D) schizophrenia.
    B) obsessive-compulsive disorder.
  19. 19. In which disorder do people alternate between states of lethargic hopelessness and wildoverexcitement?

    A) dissociative identity disorder
    B) bipolar disorder
    C) obsessive-compulsive disorder
    D) schizophrenia
    B) bipolar disorder
  20. 20. A major depressive disorder is most likely to be characterized by:

    A) delusions of persecution.
    B) alternations between extreme hopelessness and unrealistic optimism.
    C) a persistent irrational fear of other people.
    D) feelings of personal worthlessness.
    D) feelings of personal worthlessness.

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