ARC 2 Test 2 Part 1

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  1. Mansart Roof
    • -Traits of the mansard roof:
    • :steep sides
    • :double pitch

  2. Rococo
    • Developed in the early 18th century as a reaction against the grandeur, symmetry, and strict regulations of the Baroque.
    • -Feminine and fantasy-like
    • -Use of curves and non geometric shapes
  3. Imperial Plan Stairs
    • Double-return stairs
  4. Salon de la Princesse
    • 1737 Boffrand France
    • -Birthplace of Rococo
    • -Highly decorative
  5. A Plan of Civil and Historical Architecture
    • Fischer von Erlach 1721
    • -Book on architectural styles
    • -Included exotic buildings
    • -Intended to inspire artists/architects
  6. Karlskirche
    • Vienna, 1696, Fischer von Erlach
    • -Built to fulfill a vow to a patron saint
  7. Church of Vierzehnheiligen
    • North Franconia, Germany. 1743 Neumann
    • -Church of the 14 saints
    • -Pilgrimage church
    • -Verticality
    • -Heart shaped central chapel in center
  8. Spire/Steeple
  9. Anglo-Palladianism
    • A style of architecture derived from and inspired by the designs of the Venetian architect Andrea Palladio.
    • -Originated in England. Followers of Palladio and his books on architecture
  10. Banqueting Hall
    • London, 1619, Indigo Jones
    • -Palladian elements
    • -Italian influence
    • -Reflects protestant ideas
  11. *St. Paul's Cathedral
    • London, 1663, Christopher Wren
    • -Church that had been built and rebuilt due to fire
    • -Completely destroyed after London fire
    • -Wren tasked to rebuild
    • -Merge of latin cross and a large choir
    • -Triple shell dome
    • -Chains and steeple on top to hold up dome
    • -Exterior hides flying buttresses
    • -Entrance facade has 2 stories of columns
  12. St. Martin's in the Fields
    • London, 1721, James Gibbs
    • -Influential in post-colonial architecture
    • -Long nave that got shortened
    • -Palladian-esque large window in back
    • -Decorated roof
    • -Large steeple
  13. Tenochtitlan
    • Mexico City Founded 1325
    • -Spanish arrive in 1519
    • -City built on water, had canals like Vennice
    • -City of 100,000
    • -Largest city in Americas
    • -Floating gardens
    • -Eagle eating a snake on a cactus on a lake story
    • -Hernan Cortez was impressed with the order and cleanliness of the city
  14. *Temple Mayor
    • Mexico City (Tenochtitlan), 1325
    • -2 Temple on top: Sun and moon
    • -Temple as mountain
    • -Built in 7 stages/layers
    • -Sacrifices took place here. They were used as a political tool. Many enemies were sacrificed
    • -Story of Goddess of serpent skirt cleaning and god of war falling from sky and impregnating her with his feathers
  15. Machu Piccu
    • Peru, 12th-15th C
    • -Name means "The Old Peak"
    • -Discovered in 1911. Spanish invaders never knew about it
    • -Site use is unknown but thought to be religious, even though Incas did not hold many religious ceremonies
    • -Could not have supported more than 300 people
    • -Impressive terracing for agricultural purposes. May have been an agricultural lab. It had the advantage of spanning through a few micro-climates.
    • -Incas planted large crop varieties here, over 3,000 potato species here alone
  16. Sun Temple
    • Machu Picchu, 12th-15th C
    • -Featured the only curving wall in Machu Picchu
    • -Skeletal remains found here
    • -Has window openings that use solar orientation
  17. Feng Shui
    • -Wind and water
    • -A design philosophy based on harmony in nature
    • -Use of color, shapes, and building orientation to not interrupt natural flow
    • -Buildings face south
  18. Pagoda
    • A form of stupa found in Japan and China that had multiple stories
  19. Forbidden City
    • Peking, Bejing, 15th C
    • -Imperial capital
    • -Made of wood and burnt down a few times, first was 1 year after its initial construction
    • -Had large pots of water laid out through it to put out fires
    • -2,000 workmen to complete
    • -24 emperors lived here
    • -Was ruler's home for over 500 years
    • -Average citizens were not allowed in and those who lived inside were not allowed out
    • -30 foot walls and moats protected it
    • -9 was a symbolic number. Also 9,999 rooms in the city
    • -Major buildings were on a north/south axis
    • -3 major palaces in center
    • -Entrance: the gate of heavenly peace
    • -The golden river was a small river which was inside the city, had 5 bridges to cross it
  20. *Hall of Supreme Harmony
    • Forbidden City, Peking, Bejing, 15th C.
    • -Raised on 3 terraces
    • -Roof was yellow, the imperial color
    • -Had dragon and phoenix decorations
    • -Was at the center of the forbidden city
  21. Hall of Prayers for Good Harvest
    • Peking, Bejing, 1420
    • -3 levels
    • -Black roof
    • -Elaborate ceilings and interior
    • -Columns inside represent the seasons, months, and hours of the day
  22. Toril
    • Ceremonial gate to shrine
  23. Tatami
    • A type of mat used as a flooring material in traditional Japanese-style rooms. Traditionally made of rice straw to form the core
  24. Japanese Gardens
    • Zen: Sand Gardens, minimalistic
    • Landscape: Represented the world in miniature
  25. Royan-ji Temple
    • Kyoto, Japan, 1480
    • -Zen sand garden
    • -Part of a large monastery
    • -15 Rocks, cannot see them all no matter where you sit. Helps perspective
    • -Benches on 2 sides
    • -Size of a tennis court
    • -Place of contemplation
  26. Katsura Palace
    • Kyoto, Japan, 1616. Kobori Enshu
    • -Tea ceremony House
    • -16 acre site
    • -Rural villa with a large surrounding fence
    • -Designed by a tea master
    • -Tries to replicate nature
    • -Walls of paper screen allow for interior flexibility
  27. Shokin-Tei
    • Inside Katsura Palace
    • -A tea house in Katsura palace gardens
    • -Represents nature and is used for meditation
    • -Designed to be walked through
  28. Fatehpur Sikri
    • Agra (City of Victory) 1570, Built under Akbar
    • -Capital of the Mughal empire for 15 years
    • -Embodies the humanitarianism of the emperor
    • -Has pointed arches
    • -Has islamic and Hindu forms
    • -Emperor tried to unite the two religions
    • -Narrow prayer hall
    • -Was built because a mystic told the emperor that he would have a son (after all he had was daughters)
    • -Red sandstone and white trim
  29. Diwan-I-Khas
    • 1628, Agra
    • -Inside Fatehpur Sikri
    • -Private audience hall
    • -Square structure, strange geometry inside
  30. Diwan-I-Am
    • 1628, Agra
    • -Inside the Red Fort
    • -Public audience hall
    • -White marble
    • -Peacock arches and peacock throne
    • -Had a jewel collection and was jewel studded
    • -Double column features
  31. *Taj Mahal
    • Agra, 1632, Ustad Isa
    • -Memorial to Shah Jahan's favorite wife
    • -20,000 men took 20 years to complete this
    • -Built on the banks of a river and had a surrounding garden, which was broken into quadrants
    • -2 buildings on the property to left and right of Taj Mahal: mosque and a visitors house
    • -Taj Mahal covered in white marble and precious stones
    • -Dome is hollow
    • -Ceremonial tomb at ground level and real tombs underneath
    • -Has minarets
  32. Suleimaniye Cami
    • Istanbul, 1550
    • Designer was similar to Michelangelo
    • -Looks like the Hagia Sophia
    • -Dome w/ buttress
    • -4 minarets
    • -Interior was brighter than Hagia Sophia
    • -Central Plan
    • -Courtyard
    • -Dome 154 ft high, 90 ft in diameter
    • -Held up by 4 pendentives
  33. Sultan Ahmet Mosque (Blue Mosque)
    • Istanbul 1609
    • -1000 years after Hagia Sophia
    • -6 minarets
    • -Blue interior tile work w/ floral motif
    • -Very light inside
    • -Also had shops and public services inside
  34. Beta Giyorgis (Church of St. George)
    • Lalibela, Ethiopia, 13th C.
    • -Built for St. George
    • -Very well proportioned
    • -Greek Cross Plan
    • -Carved into the rock
  35. Great Zimbabwe
    • Zimbabwe, 1300
    • -Large ruins
    • -Wall over 800 ft long and over 20 ft thick in some areas
    • -Zimbabwe means "chief's grave"
    • -Trinkets found, some indicating trade
    • -Seperate hill complex
    • -Main enclosed area opens into a long passageway
    • -Stripped of cultural materials
    • -British kept saying that only a white man could have built it
  36. Mosque of Djenne
    • Mali, Built in stages: 13th C. to 1900's
    • -Oldest city in Africa and major trade route
    • -Mud brick with rice starch for reinforcement
    • -King demolished his own palace to build this
    • -4,000 people work to replaster it every year
    • -60 ft high
    • -No women or non-muslims allowed inside
    • -Hypostyle mosque
    • -Closed and heavy form
  37. Palace of the Governors
    • Santa Fe 1610
    • -Oldest continuously used building in America
    • -Adobe and straw
    • -"Victorianified"
  38. Old Ship Meeting House
    • Hingham, MA 1681
    • -Interior balconies
  39. St. Luke's Old Brick Church
    • Isle of Wright County  VA, 1632
    • -One of the first evangelical churches in U.S.
    • Rectangular
    • -Kind of gothic/classical/renaissance style
  40. Capitol
    • Williamsburg  VA, 1695, Christopher Wren?
    • -Restored by John D Rockefeller
  41. Old North Church
    • Boston  MA, 1723, William Price
    • -2 identical church steeples, 1 is a meeting house
    • -Oldest Boston church
    • -Church that Paul Revere put lanterns on to note that the British were coming
    • -Church has door in front, meeting house has door on side
  42. Drayton Hall
    • Charleston, South Carolina, 1738
    • -First Anglo-Palladian house in America
    • -Elaborate decorations
    • -Design inspired by Palladio villas
    • -House is raised off of ground
    • -Only surviving plantation house in the area
  43. Cami/Jami
  44. Quibla Wall
    Wall that faces mecca in a mosque
  45. Mihrab
    A niche in the quibble wall
  46. Minbar
    Pulpit/seat installed to the right of the Mihrab in a mosque
  47. Ivan/Eyvan
    A vaulted or domed recess open on one side of a court yard in a mosque
  48. Pietra Dura
    Stone inlay

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ARC 2 Test 2 Part 1
2014-11-02 01:35:12
ARC Test

ARC 2 Test 2 Part 1
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