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What are the 6 determinants of attraction & liking?
Physical attractiveness) computer dance study results
Shortest predictor of whether students would pursue a second date was ratings of physical attractiveness
Short quote to summarize halo effect?
What is beautiful is good
What is the halo effect?
Attractive people seen as sociable, extroverted, popular, intellectual, successful, sexier, happier, more assertive
Is halo effect present universal?
It has been shown to be cross cultural, universal
Physical attractiveness) Regan and berscheid findings:
Physical attractiveness was the most important characteristic in determining desire
Why does physical attractiveness lead to liking? (2)
-radiating effect of beauty
Why does physical attractiveness lead to liking?) radiating effect of beauty
- Being seen with an attractive person may enhance your self image
- *pretty by assocaiiton
Why does physical attractiveness lead to liking?) evolutionary explanation
Physical attractiveness may be an important clue to good health and reproductive fitness
What do attractive people look like) what do babyface features elicit?
Feelings of warmth and nurturance
What do attractive people look like) is there a high correlation of attractiveness across cultures?
What do attractive people look like) infants and attractive faces
Infants prefer the same photos of attractive faces that adults chose also
What do attractive people look like) averaging different faces together are more...
Attractive than original photos
What do attractive people look like) average faces are less attractive than
Averaging high attractive faces
What is the propinquity effect?
We like those who are physically closer to us in proximity
Propinquity effect) what is the best predictor of whether 2 people will be friends?
How far apart they live
Propinquity effect) Westgate west_ grad housing findings
They made more friends with one another when they were next door than two doors down or opposite end
What's driving the propinquity effect? (3)
-not explained by typical friendship variables
- -it is dissonant to work or live near someone we dislike or to be away from those we like
- *cognitive dissonance
Familiarity ) mere exposure effect?
The more exposure we have to a stimulus the more we are apt to like it
Familiarity ) confederate in classroom study findings
-when the confederate attended class more frequently they were rated as more attractive even though he never spoke to anybody
Familiarity ) mere exposure work with anything?
Yes even subliminally
Mere exposure and selfies
We tend to not like selfie pics because we are used to the way we look at ourselves in mirror
Why does familiarity lead to liking? Evolutionary explanation
Innate fear of unfamiliar
Why does familiarity lead to liking) cognitive explanation
Familiar people are more similar to ourselves
What effect does familiarity have on things we don't like?
More exposure causes greater disliking
Similarity) what is matching principle?
Tendency to choose romantic partners similar to us in values, attitudes, physical appearance, social background, and perosnality
Similarity) Liking people similar to us
We tend to like people who are similar to us in attitudes, interests, values, background, and personality
Does similarity lead to liking or other way around?) transfer student study finsings
The more similar they were the higher chance they retained one anohter
Why does similarity lead to liking? (4)
-validate our own self wortg
What is limitation of similarity-liking relationship?
If something bad happens to someone similar to us, differences can then be psychologically rewarding
Opposites attract?) what are these good for?
They attract for 1 night stands but not much else
Reciprocity) idea behind this?
Generally we like those who like us
Reciprocity) self fulfilling prophecy
We act more likeable to those whom we think like us which they in turn like us for liking them
Reciprocity) how does self esteem moderate this? (2)
-people with high/moderate esteem like those who like them
-people with low esteem prefer those who criticize them rather than those who praise or have positive views about them
Secrecy) footsie study: card game
We liked people more when they played secret footsie than the people that had no contact or had accidental footsie.
Asking someone to do favor for you ...
- Increases their attraction to you
- *ben Franklin effect
What is pratfall effect?
Being perfect but then messing up just a little bit makes someone like you even more
Disliking someone at first and attraction
If you dislike someone right away but then wind up liking them later, you will like them even more than if you had first liked them
What do attractive people lok like? (7)