3.3.2

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Author:
efrain12
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287844
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3.3.2
Updated:
2014-11-01 23:18:59
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Social Psychology
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Attraction II
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  1. Sternberg triangular theory of love) (2)
    -love made up of intimacy, passion, commitment

    -combined in various ways to form 7 types of loves
  2. Sternberg triangular theory of love) intimacy love
    Intimacy alone
  3. Sternberg triangular theory of love) companionate love
    intimacy and commitment
  4. Sternberg triangular theory of love) commitment love
    • commitment alone
    • *empty love
  5. Sternberg triangular theory of love) fatuous love
    -passion and commitment
  6. Sternberg triangular theory of love) passion love
    • Passion alone
    • *infatuation alone
  7. Sternberg triangular theory of love) romantic love
    Intimacy and passion
  8. Sternberg triangular theory of love) consummate love
    -intimacy + passion + commitment
  9. Marketplace theory)  (2)
    Women more likely to value status in a mate

    Men more likely to value attraction
  10. Marketplace theory draws upon evolutionary theory) males reproductive success
    Frequent pairings thus look for youth which equates to healthier and more attractive
  11. Marketplace theory draws upon evolutionary theory) females reproductive succes
    Provider thus looks for status which equates to more resources and more attractive
  12. Support for evolutionary theory (3)
    -men prefer younger partners and say appearance is important

    -women look for ambitious hard working men

    -men are more threatened with sexual infidelity while women emotional infidelity
  13. Criticisms of evolutionary theory)
    -they are circular, unbeatable, and oversimplified
  14. Alternate explanation for evolutionary theory
    -overall women have fewer resources thus may want somebody who has more resources
  15. Women's economic resources and their preference for a physically attractive man
    If woman has a lot of resources then they will look for attractive man and not gold dig
  16. Where do these originate from?
    relationship with primary caregiver
  17. attachment styles) why are these important?
    bc they translate to how individuals act in romantic relationships
  18. 3 attachment styles) secure (2)
    -Easy to get close to others

    -no worrying about abandonment
  19. 3 attachment styles) avoiding (3)
    -uncomfortable getting close

    -jealousy

    -fear of intimacy
  20. 3 attachment styles) anxious/ambivalent
    -seek intimacy but worry that others wont reciprocate or stay
  21. 3 attachment styles) what Is coping strategy for secure?
    Talking to your partner
  22. 3 attachment styles) what is coping strategy of avoidant?
    distancing
  23. 3 attachment styles) coping stregy for anxious/ambivalent
    rumination
  24. 3 attachment styles) what are relationships like in secure
    Happy, friendly, trusting relationships
  25. 3 attachment styles) relationships in avoidant?
    Relatively brief sexual encounters
  26. 3 attachment styles) relationships in anxious/ambivalent?
    Obsession, jealousy, love at first sight
  27. Gender differences in attachment styles?
    Men more likely to be avoidant and women anxious
  28. Interdependence theory (social exchange) (2)
    -rewards and costs that partners exhcange

    -people try to maximize rewards and minimize costs
  29. Interdependence theory) what is our satisfaction in relationships determined by? (4)
    -rewards

    -costs

    -comparison level

    -comparison level for alternatives
  30. Interdependence theory) comparison level?
    -quality of outcomes a person believes he or she deserves

    • *reflects past relationship experiences
    • *our personal belief about what constitutes an acceptable relationship
  31. Interdependence theory) comparison level for alternatives
    Assessing how our relationship competes to others that are available
  32. Interdependence theory) outcomes: below CL-alt and below CL
    Dissatisfied and not dependent

    **leaves
  33. Interdependence theory) outcomes: above CL-alt and below cl
    Dissatisfied but still dependent

    ***stay
  34. Interdependence theory) outcomes: above cl and below cl alt?
    Satisfies and no dependent
  35. Interdependence theory) outcomes: above cl and above cl alt?
    • Satisfied and dependent
    • *Stay
  36. Investment model)
    Commitment is affected by satisfaction, potential alternatives, & investment
  37. Investment model) which theory is this expanding from
    ?
    Interdependence theory
  38. Investment model) satisfaction (3)
    -costs

    -rewards

    • -comparison levels
    • *varies among indivudlas
    • *what do you deserve
  39. Investment model) commitment determine by?
    -satisfaction

    -investments

    -alternatives
  40. Investment model) commitment determined by: satisfaction (2)
    -Rewards vs costs

    -exceed CL
  41. Investment model) commitment determined by: investments
    Things can't take back
  42. Investment model) commitment determined by: alternatives
    Others that you can date
  43. Investment model) what does commitment predict?
    Whether you stay or go
  44. Equity theory)
    relationship satisfaction determined by the ratio of benefits to contributions (can be positive or negative)
  45. Equity theory) ideal formula
    Your benefits = partners beenfits
  46. Equity theory) why is being not equal in contributions not good?
    Both under and over benefited people feel stress
  47. Communal realtionships
    Relationships governed by the need for equity
  48. Communal relationships
    Relationships where the primary concern is being responsive to the other person needs
  49. Communal orientations equate
    Close friendships & meaningful romantic relationships
  50. Exchange orientations equate to
    Superficial interactions with strangers and acquaintances
  51. Participants interacted with an attractive person who was either new in town and wanted to make friends or just visiting: study findings
    People in communal orientation condition were less interested in fit for tat accounting outcomes
  52. Exchange relationships behavior (4)
    -immediate oayment

    Own contribution

    -cares but expects a future payback

    -helping other doesn't affect mood
  53. Communal realitonship behavior? (4)
    -no immediate payment

    -our work

    -cares about others needs

    -helping other feels good
  54. Breaking up) 2 dimensions
    -active vs passive

    -constructive vs destructive
  55. Breaking up) 4 types of behaviors
    -exit

    -voice

    -loyalty

    -neglect
  56. Breaking up) rusbult grid findings: active and destrcutive
    Exit= harming or terminating relationship
  57. Breaking up) rusbult grid findings: active constructive
    voice= trying to improve conditions
  58. Breaking up) rusbult grid findings: passive destructive
    neglect= allowing conditions to deteriorate
  59. Breaking up) rusbult grid findings: passive constructive
    Loyalty: optimistically waiting for improvement

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