sociology religion

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Mazie
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287858
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sociology religion
Updated:
2014-11-02 11:03:06
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religion
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religion
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  1. In terms of core concept, the most important doctrine
    of Hinduism is karma/reincarnation.
    T
  2. In terms of religious devotion, members of
    mainstream/orthodox religions (e.g., Christianity, Islam, and Judaism) in
    America worship several gods (i.e., polytheism).
    F


    • change “several gods” to “one
    • God (i.e., monotheism)”
  3. Two of the most influential churches in Louisiana are the Baptist and the Roman Catholic churches.
    T
  4. In terms of frequency of activity and technique of
    recruitment, Jehovah’s Witness is, among others, one
    of the most active religious groups in the U.S.
    T
  5. The Mormons is one of the established cults in the
    U.S.
    F

    change “cults” to “sects”
  6. Max Weber
    is the author of the book The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of
    Capitalism. In this book, Weber argues that there is a causal relation
    between Calvinism/Protestantism and the rise of modern capitalism.
    T
  7. Both Buddhism and Confucianism are ethical
    religions (i.e., both religions aim to tell people about the suitable
    manners which they should behave).
    T
  8. . In terms of community involvement and recruitment
    effort, both Judaism and Hinduism appear to be very
    active.
    • F
    • change “active” to “inactive”
  9. Fundamentalist religions (such as Fundamentalist
    Islam, Fundamentalist Christianity, and Fundamentalist Buddhism) usually will justify
    violence.
    T
  10. According to liberation theology, God is independent
    from human history.
    F

    change “independent” to “inseparable”
  11. Intellectually and theoretically, there is a close
    linkage between liberation theology and symbolic interactionism.
    F

    • change “symbolic interactionism”
    • to “conflict theory”
  12. According to studies, married couples who attend
    cult-like churches (like the Satanic churches) are more likely to get involved
    in adultery than those who attend mainstream churches.
    T
  13. The relationship between cults and mainstream churches
    usually is harmonious and peaceful.
    F

    • change “harmonious and peaceful” to “intense and
    • conflicting”
  14. According to the teachings of Calvinism, God had
    predestined poor people to heaven. Rich people will go to the hell.
    F

    • change “poor people to heaven” to
    • “poor people to hell”; change “Rich people will go to the hell” to Rich people
    • will go to heaven”
  15. The Methodist, the Episcopalian, and the Presbyterian
    churches, among others, are denominations in the U.S.
    T
  16. One of the Christian fundamentalist movements in America is the Promise
    Keepers.
    T
  17. Fundamentalist religious groups share several things
    in common. One of them is that such groups have a strong belief in the so-called
    “holy war” (i.e., only the “holy war” can eliminate all social
    injustices/inequalities).
    T
  18. Liberation theology receives its strongest support in Africa.
    F

    change “Africa” to “Latin America”
  19. Relatively speaking, Eastern/East Asian
    religions are God-focused.
    F

    change “God-focused” to “human-focused”
  20. Relatively speaking, Western religions
    tend to be ethical codes.
    F

    change “ethical codes” to “God-focused”
  21. The book The Elementary Forms of Religious Life
    is authored by Emile Durkheim.
    T
  22. To Emile Durkheim, religion is a form of false
    consciousness.
    F

    • change “Emile Durkheim” to “ Karl
    • Marx”
  23. Compared to Cults, Ecclesia (i.e., state
    endorsed-churches) are more likely to use literal approach to
    interpret the Bible or other Holy Books.
    F

    • change ‘more likely” to “less
    • likely”
  24. The clergy of cult groups usually are
    formally trained.
    F

    change “cult groups” to “denominations”
  25. Compared to mainstream church goers, cult
    members usually will show stronger sense of duty to spread God=s (or Satan=s)
    messages.
    T
  26. Christianity is a matriarchal religion.
    F

    change “matriarchal” to “patriarchal”
  27. Compared to Western religions, Asian religions (like
    Hinduism) usually will include the characteristic of polytheism.
    T
  28. The religious teachings advocated by sects/cults
    usually are highly inclusive.
    F

    change “inclusive” to “exclusive”
  29. According
    to modern paradigm, religious conversion is a rational behavior
    (i.e., religious conversion is a changing process).
    T
  30. According to classic paradigm, religious
    conversion is an emotional behavior (i.e., religious conversion is a self-dedicating
    process).
    T
  31. For Christian fundamentalists,
    Rome (some time in the future) will become the new world center.
    F

    change “Rome” to “Jerusalem”
  32. Religious fundamentalism is a
    modern phenomenon.
    T
  33. According to liberation theology, _______ is the heart
    of God’s Kingdom.

     

    a. 
    justice

    b. 
    salvation

    c. 
    loyalty

    d. 
    faith

    e. 
    sympathy
    a
  34. Which of the following is incorrect?

     

    a. people of stable society
    (i.e., the state  faces few, if any,
    external threats) usually will not take religions seriously

     

    b. people who have experienced
    crisis/crises are more likely to become religious converts

     

    c. it is a turning point in
    someone's life when he/she decides to commits himself/herself to a given
    religion

     

    d. religious converts usually
    will report that they experience a sense of relief from guilt after they have changed
    their religious belief

     

    e. religious conversion has
    nothing to do with demographic factors (e.g., age, gender, and race)
    e
  35. According to liberation theology, God ________.

     

    a. favors the poor






    b. will show preferential
    love

    c. will take side

    d. is impartisan

    e. a, b, and c
    e
  36. Comparatively, ________ enjoy the highest degree of religious
    pluralism in the world.

     

    a. 
    Americans

    b. 
    Chinese

    c. 
    Russians

    d. 
    People of India

    e. 
    Mexicans
    a
  37. Which of the following is NOT a mainstream
    church in the U.S. ?

     

    a. 
    Satanic church

    b. 
    Presbyterian
    church

    c. 
    National Baptist
    Convention

    d. 
    Catholic church

    e. 
    Churches of
    Christ
    a
  38. In terms of religious development, the earliest
    religious form in human history can be characterized by ________.

     

    a. 
    animism

    b. 
    polytheism

    c. 
    monotheism

    d. 
    atheism

    e. 
    a and b
    e
  39. Which of the following is not a symbol/element/sign of
    civil religion?

     

    a. 
    July 4th

    b. 
    Lincoln Memorial

    c. 
    Mouton Hall

    d. 
    Liberty Statue in New
    York

    e. 
    American flag
    c
  40. ________ argues that religion is an opiate to the
    poor.

     

    a. 
    Max Weber

    b. 
    Ralf Dahrendorf

    c. 
    Karl Marx

    d. 
    Emile Durkheim

    e. 
    Herbert Spencer
    c
  41. Studies show that most churchgoing persons are
    ________.

    a. 
    poor people

    b. 
    middle-class
    people

    c. 
    working-class
    people

    d. 
    upper-class
    people

    e. 
    fundamentalists
    b
  42. Which of the following is the largest religion in the
    modern world?

     

    a. 
    Islam

    b. 
    Hinduism

    c. 
    Buddhism

    d. 
    Christianity

    e. 
    Judaism
    d
  43. ________ is the second largest religion in the modern
    world.

     

    a.  
    Islam

    b.  
    Hinduism

    c.  
    Buddhism

    d.  
    Christianity

    e.  
    Judaism
    a
  44. ________ is the third largest religion in the modern
    world.

     

    a. 
    Islam

    b. 
    Hinduism

    c. 
    Buddhism

    d. 
    Christianity

    e. 
    Roman Catholics
    e
  45. In theory, people of ________ are more likely to
    accept new religions and/or become religious converts (hint: choose an open
    society).

     

    a. 
    Iraq

    b. 
    Israel

    c. 
    Canada

    d. 
    Turkey

    e. 
    Egypt
    c
  46. Which of the following is a sect (or cult)?

     

    a. 
    New Age Church


    b. 
    Hinduism

    c. 
    Buddhism

    d. 
    Judaism

    e. 
    Roman Catholics
    a
  47. Churches usually are ________ organizations.

     

    a. 
    mix-up

    b. 
    bureaucratic

    c. 
    de-centralized

    d. 
    cooperative 

    e. 
    informal
    b
  48. Most leaders of religious sects enjoy ________
    authority.

     

    a. 
    traditional

    b. 
    legal-rational

    c. 
    charismatic

    d. 
    centralized

    e. 
    de-centralized
    c
  49. The largest Protestant denomination in the U.S. is the
    ________ Churches.

     

    a. 
    Presbyterian

    b. 
    Baptist

    c. 
    Lutheran

    d. 
    Methodist

    e. 
    Episcopalian
    b
  50. Buddhism originated in ________.

     

    a. 
    India

    b. 
    Tibet

    c. 
    China.

    d. 
    Thailand

    e. 
    Iran
    a

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