sociology politics

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Mazie
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287862
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sociology politics
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2014-11-02 11:15:27
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  1. While many countries are classified by sociologists as
    “democratic” nations, no country in the modern world is purely democratic.
    T
  2. According to Weber’s typologies of authority, the
    power enjoyed by Governor or state representatives of Louisiana comes from the
    Cajun traditions of Louisiana.
    F


    • change “the Cajun
    • traditions” to “the laws”
  3. Democracy
    is the earliest political institution in human history.
    F

    change “Democracy” to “Monarchy”
  4. According to definitions, semi-peripheral countries
    (such as Sweden, Norway, Finland, Israel, Korea...) have advanced industrial
    and technological capacities in certain fields only (such as auto, watch, or
    computer industry).
    T
  5. Compared to democratic countries, authoritarian (such
    as Iran and Saudi Arabia) and totalitarian (like former
    Soviet Union and North Korea)
    states are more likely to use illegal means to suppress dissidents and
    oppositional movements.
    T
  6. The authority enjoyed by Dalai Lama comes from Tibet’s political and religious traditions.
    T
  7. Germany
    is one of the core states in the modern world.
    T
  8. While America is a democratic country, some units of
    the federal government (such as the National Security Agency) still function
    like secret police.
    F

    • change  the answer 
    • (F) to (T)
  9. Queen Elizabeth II is currently the symbolic leader
    of the United Kingdom.
    T
  10. According to Weber’s
    definitions, the leaderships of Jesus and
    Mother Teresa came from rational-legal authority.
    • F
    • change “rational-legal authority”
    • to “charismatic authority”
  11. The political system of some countries in the modern
    world can be characterized as constitutional monarchy. In those
    countries, state heads (e.g., kings or queens) are symbolic leaders.
    T
  12. Compared to democratic countries, governments of
    totalitarian states are more likely to depend on secret police to control
    people.
    T
  13. In terms of political participation, the average
    percentages of voter participation in the U.S. usually are lower than 60% of
    all qualified voters.
    T
  14. The
    power-elite model of authority is proposed by Karl Marx.
    F

    change “Karl Marx” to “C. W. Mills”
  15. Civil war will bring many disastrous consequences to a
    country. Two of such outcomes are the appearance of   child soldiers and the
    co-existence of multiple regimes.
    T
  16. Relatively speaking, high-income people (people with
    annual income $200,000 and above) are more conservative than poor people
    (people with annual income $25,000 and below).
    T
  17. Although numerous people believe that America is a
    democratic country, some sociologists do not agree with that. This is due to
    the fact that high-ranking government officials are not elected by the public,
    but appointed by the President.
    T
  18. Both kings of Sweden
    and Spain
    enjoy charismatic authority.
    F

    change “charismatic” to “traditional”
  19. One of the major differences between authoritarian and
    totalitarian governments is that state leaders of the
    former can determine the law.
    F

    change “the former” to “the latter”
  20. According to C. W. Mills, the ruling elites in the U.S.  include politicians, technical
    bureaucrats, and religious leaders.
    F

    • change “politicians, technical
    • bureaucrats, and religious leaders” to “capitalists, high-ranking government
    • officials, and military commanders”
  21. In the military, interracial relationships usually are
    worse
    than among the general public.
    F

    change “worse” to “better”
  22. Of all the methods/channels available to civil groups
    to challenge government’s authority, sabotage is the most radical
    one.
    F

    change “sabotage” to “revolution”
  23. Secret police will recruit informants from upper-class
    people only.
    F

    • change “upper-class people only”
    • to “people of all classes”
  24. Both
    elitist and feminist models of U.S. political system indicate that political
    power in America
    is dispersed.
    F

    change “dispersed” to “centralized”
  25. Which of the following about secret police is correct?

     

    a. secret police usually adopt
    centralized leadership

     






    b. most secret police are
    psychopaths

     

    c. secret police usually do not
    recruit criminal gangs as “helpers”

     

    d. under normal circumstances, secret
    police just recruit lower-class people as their informants

     

    e. secret police seldom, if
    ever, use illegal methods (e.g., intimidation and torture) to get the
    information or "confession" they want
    a
  26. Which of the following is NOT an extreme (or
    fundamentalist) group?

     

    a. 
    the KKK

    b. 
    the militia

    c. 
    the Navy Seal

    d. 
    fundamentalist
    Christian association

    e. 
    neo-Nazi party
    c
  27. ________ divides authority into three basic types.
    They are traditional, legal/rational, and charismatic authority.

     

    a. 
    C. W. Mills

    b. 
    Max Weber

    c. 
    Emile Durkheim

    d. 
    Robert Merton

    e. 
    Karl Marx
    b
  28. Which of the following about patriarchy is correct?

     

    According to
    this philosophy,

     

    a.   
    only (young)females are qualified to inherit property

    b.   
    only (young) males are qualified to inherit
    property

    c.   
    both males and
    females enjoy sexual rights

    d.  women are decision makers

    e.  none of the above
    b
  29. Which model of power distribution in the following
    emphasizes that American society is controlled by government bureaucrats?

     

    a. 
    political
    autonomy

    b. 
    elite autonomy

    c. 
    economic autonomy


    d. 
    state autonomy

    e. 
    bureaucratic
    autonomy
    d
  30. Some state leaders enjoy absolute power because they
    can determine ________.

     

    a. 
    the population
    policy

    b. 
    the course of
    educational  reform

    c. 
    the immigration
    policy

    d. 
    the course of
    health reform programs

    e. 
    the law
    e
  31. Which of the following country provides the largest
    market for international trade?

     

    a. 
    U.S.

    b. 
    Mexico

    c. 
    Russia

    d. 
    Brazil

    e. 
    Australia
    a
  32. Which of the following does NOT enjoy charismatic
    authority?

     

    a. 
    lieutenant
    governor of Louisiana
    state

    b. 
    M. Gandhi

    c. 
    Adolf Hitler

    d. 
    Joan of Arc

    e. 
    Princess Diana
    a
  33. Which of the following about political assassinations
    (PAs) is correct?

     

    a. PAs are overt actions

     

    b. the potential targets of PAs
    can be anyone, from garbage collector to the President of the United States

     

    c. the motivation of PAs
    usually is economy-related

     

    d. initiators of PAs usually do
    not expect that such actions will produce certain political/social impact(s)

     

    e. PAs are singularized
    killings
    e
  34. Which of the following is NOT a cash product?

     

    a. 
    barley

    b. 
    coffee

    c. 
    sugar

    d. 
    rubber

    e. 
    tobacco
    a
  35. Which of the following can be regarded as an isolated area in the world?

     

    a. 
    The North/South Pole

    b. 
    Fiji

    c. 
    Nepal

    d. 
    North Korea

    e. 
    all of the above
    e
  36. Which of the following is a peripheral country in the
    world?

     

    a. 
    Nigeria

    b. 
    Nicaragua

    c. 
    Congo

    d. 
    Bolivia

    e. 
    all of the above
    e
  37. . One of the chief goals pursued by modern terrorist
    movements is to ________.

     

    a. redistribute social
    positions

    b. safeguard natural
    resources

    c. make some groups known to
    the world

    d. change an “old society”

    e. undermine the reputation
    of American President
    d
  38. Which of the following is not engaged in the
    activities of secondary economy?

     

    a. 
    steel workers

    b. 
    textile workers

    c. 
    automobile
    workers

    d. 
    farmers

    e. 
    brush pen
    manufacturers
    d
  39. Which of the following does not belong to
    tertiary economy?

     

    a. 
    stock brokers

    b. 
    secretaries

    c. 
    oil workers

    d. 
    real estate
    agents 

    e. 
    prostitutes
    c
  40. Which of the following may NOT be an outcome
    brought about by transnational corporations (TNCs)?

     

    a. middle-class families will
    disappear gradually

     

    b. cheap products are available
    in Dollar Tree, Dollar General, Wal-Mart, Target, etc.

     

    c. job opportunities in the U.S.
    will increase dramatically

     

    d. new economic crisis may
    become inevitable

     

    e. the class structure of
    American society will increasingly become equal
    c
  41. In terms of proportions in the civilian population,
    ________ Americans are over-represented in the military.

     

    a. 
    African

    b. 
    Asian

    c. 
    White

    d. 
    Native

    e. 
    Hispanic
    a
  42. Modernization theorists argue that if poor countries
    want to improve their underdeveloped socioeconomic situations, then they should
    ________.

     

    a. 
    maintain
    traditions

    b. 
    focus on crime
    problems

    c. 
    encourage
    population growth

    d. 
    transfer new
    technologies from industrialized countries

    e. 
    develop
    recreation industry
    d

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