While many countries are classified by sociologists as
“democratic” nations, no country in the modern world is purely democratic.
According to Weber’s typologies of authority, the
power enjoyed by Governor or state representatives of Louisiana comes from the
Cajun traditions of Louisiana.
change “the Cajun
traditions” to “the laws”
is the earliest political institution in human history.
change “Democracy” to “Monarchy”
According to definitions, semi-peripheral countries
(such as Sweden, Norway, Finland, Israel, Korea...) have advanced industrial
and technological capacities in certain fields only (such as auto, watch, or
Compared to democratic countries, authoritarian (such
as Iran and Saudi Arabia) and totalitarian (like former
Soviet Union and North Korea)
states are more likely to use illegal means to suppress dissidents and
The authority enjoyed by Dalai Lama comes from Tibet’s political and religious traditions.
is one of the core states in the modern world.
While America is a democratic country, some units of
the federal government (such as the National Security Agency) still function
like secret police.
change the answer
(F) to (T)
Queen Elizabeth II is currently the symbolic leader
of the United Kingdom.
According to Weber’s
definitions, the leaderships of Jesus and
Mother Teresa came from rational-legal authority.
change “rational-legal authority”
to “charismatic authority”
The political system of some countries in the modern
world can be characterized as constitutional monarchy. In those
countries, state heads (e.g., kings or queens) are symbolic leaders.
Compared to democratic countries, governments of
totalitarian states are more likely to depend on secret police to control
In terms of political participation, the average
percentages of voter participation in the U.S. usually are lower than 60% of
all qualified voters.
power-elite model of authority is proposed by Karl Marx.
change “Karl Marx” to “C. W. Mills”
Civil war will bring many disastrous consequences to a
country. Two of such outcomes are the appearance of child soldiers and the
co-existence of multiple regimes.
Relatively speaking, high-income people (people with
annual income $200,000 and above) are more conservative than poor people
(people with annual income $25,000 and below).
Although numerous people believe that America is a
democratic country, some sociologists do not agree with that. This is due to
the fact that high-ranking government officials are not elected by the public,
but appointed by the President.
Both kings of Sweden
enjoy charismatic authority.
change “charismatic” to “traditional”
One of the major differences between authoritarian and
totalitarian governments is that state leaders of the
former can determine the law.
change “the former” to “the latter”
According to C. W. Mills, the ruling elites in the U.S. include politicians, technical
bureaucrats, and religious leaders.
change “politicians, technical
bureaucrats, and religious leaders” to “capitalists, high-ranking government
officials, and military commanders”
In the military, interracial relationships usually are
than among the general public.
change “worse” to “better”
Of all the methods/channels available to civil groups
to challenge government’s authority, sabotage is the most radical
change “sabotage” to “revolution”
Secret police will recruit informants from upper-class
change “upper-class people only”
to “people of all classes”
elitist and feminist models of U.S. political system indicate that political
power in America
change “dispersed” to “centralized”
Which of the following about secret police is correct?
a. secret police usually adopt
b. most secret police are
c. secret police usually do not
recruit criminal gangs as “helpers”
d. under normal circumstances, secret
police just recruit lower-class people as their informants
e. secret police seldom, if
ever, use illegal methods (e.g., intimidation and torture) to get the
information or "confession" they want
Which of the following is NOT an extreme (or
the Navy Seal
________ divides authority into three basic types.
They are traditional, legal/rational, and charismatic authority.
C. W. Mills
Which of the following about patriarchy is correct?
only (young)females are qualified to inherit property
only (young) males are qualified to inherit
both males and
females enjoy sexual rights
d. women are decision makers
e. none of the above
Which model of power distribution in the following
emphasizes that American society is controlled by government bureaucrats?
Some state leaders enjoy absolute power because they
can determine ________.
the course of
the course of
health reform programs
Which of the following country provides the largest
market for international trade?
Which of the following does NOT enjoy charismatic
governor of Louisiana
Joan of Arc
Which of the following about political assassinations
(PAs) is correct?
a. PAs are overt actions
b. the potential targets of PAs
can be anyone, from garbage collector to the President of the United States
c. the motivation of PAs
usually is economy-related
d. initiators of PAs usually do
not expect that such actions will produce certain political/social impact(s)
e. PAs are singularized
Which of the following is NOT a cash product?
Which of the following can be regarded as an isolated area in the world?
The North/South Pole
all of the above
Which of the following is a peripheral country in the
all of the above
. One of the chief goals pursued by modern terrorist
movements is to ________.
a. redistribute social
b. safeguard natural
c. make some groups known to
d. change an “old society”
e. undermine the reputation
of American President
Which of the following is not engaged in the
activities of secondary economy?
Which of the following does not belong to
Which of the following may NOT be an outcome
brought about by transnational corporations (TNCs)?
a. middle-class families will
b. cheap products are available
in Dollar Tree, Dollar General, Wal-Mart, Target, etc.
c. job opportunities in the U.S.
will increase dramatically
d. new economic crisis may
e. the class structure of
American society will increasingly become equal
In terms of proportions in the civilian population,
________ Americans are over-represented in the military.
Modernization theorists argue that if poor countries
want to improve their underdeveloped socioeconomic situations, then they should
focus on crime
technologies from industrialized countries