Child Dev.-3

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  1. Preoperational Stage
    Cognitive dev. that lasts from about 2 to 7
  2. Symbolic Play
    • Elaborate pretend play; imaginary friends
    • Playing with objects and toys and treating them more than what they really are
  3. Functional Play:
    Repetitive motor activity
  4. Constructive play:
    Drawing, making, building something constuctively
  5. Formal Games:
    Games with rules and other kids
  6. Violent pretend play:
    Bobo dolls; more anitsocial, less empathetic
  7. Imaginative play:
    Better social interactions with others and children are more likely to be more empathetic
  8. Head Start Program:
    • Programs parents can put their kids into(preschool)
    • Funded by the federal government
  9. Not strict on rules; kids are more socially interactive but are not as academically superior
    Permissive Parenting
  10. Loving but strict, kids are good socially and academically
  11. Authoritarian
    • Not loving and very strict
    • Kids are academically superior but not socially well-off
  12. Siblings
    • Good influence-mothering figure-companions
    • Bad infuence-competition
  13. Middle Childhood:
    • Weight: 5-7 lbs per year
    • Height: 2in per year
    • Food: need a healthy balance of foods
    • Fast foods: increase chances of childhood obesity
  14. Concrete operations start to develop between ages___and___
    7, 12
  15. Transitivity
    A>B, B>C, A>C
  16. Theory of Mind
    A commonsense understanding of how the mind works
  17. Piaget and Inhelder
    • Seriation tasks: children given 49 leaves are asked to cat. by color and size
    • 6 year olds can organize them according to size OR brightness but not both at the same time
    • Concrete operational children, 7-8, can work both simultaneously
  18. Kholberg:
    • Moral Development
    • Level 1: Preconventional
    • 1. The consequences of behavior
    • 2. Things are right when they satisfy people's needs
    • Level 2: Conventional
    • 3. Moral behavior helps others and is socially approved
    • 4. Doing one's duty and showing respect to authority
    • Level 3: Postconventional
    • 5. weigh the imp. of human needs against society's need to maintain order
    • 6. following of universal ethical principles and their own conscience, even if it breaks laws
  19. Strutt and Colleagues
    • Children from ages 6-12 to illustrate selective attention and the ability to ignore distraction
    • Sort a deck of cards based on figures, forms, or lines.
    • When there was irrelevant info on the card it made it harder for sorting for all ages butt he older kids had an easier time
  20. Memory:
    The process by which we store and retrieve info.
  21. Sensory Memory:
    15-20 secs before the shirt term and is either stored or tossed to the side (forgotten)
  22. Working memory:
    • Structure of memory that can hold a sensory stimulus for up to 30 seconds
    • Also called short-term memory
Card Set:
Child Dev.-3
2014-11-04 00:53:00

Test 3
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