Health Chapter 7

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  1. Define nutrients and list the 5 types
    chemical compounds in food that are crucial to growth and function. Including proteins, carbohydrates (starch/sugar), lipids (fats/oils), vitamins and minerals
  2. Define essential nutrients
    Nutrients the body can't make that we need in our diets.
  3. Define diets
    the food and drinks we select to consume
  4. Define eating habits
    when, where and how we eat. Whom we eat with and what we choose to consume and our reasons for doing so.
  5. Define nutrition
    the study of how people consume and use the nutrients in food
  6. Define non essential nutrients
    a nutrient in that we are capable of producing in a sufficient amount
  7. Define phytochemical
    nonnutritive chemical compounds that occur naturally in plants. They produce colors/smells
  8. Define macronutrient and list the 4 examples
    a nutrient required in relatively large amounts (carbs, lipids, proteins and water)
  9. Define micronutrient and list the 2 examples
    a nutrient required in small amounts (minerals and vitamins)
  10. Define amino acids, how many types are there and how many out of those do the body make
    building blocks of proteins. 20 types and the body makes 11.
  11. Is animal protein complete or incomplete
  12. Is plant protein complete or incomplete
  13. What is LDL, how does it rise and is it good or bad
    a lipoprotein that rises in level with the consumption of saturated fats. deposits plaque it is bad.
  14. What is HDL, how does it rise and is it good or bad
    lipoprotein that rises with the consumption of polyunsaturated fats, prevents plaque and is good
  15. What is glycogen
    a long strand of glucose molecules. powerful molecule in carbohydrate, starch.
  16. What is an antioxidant
    compounds in food that help product body against free radicals
  17. What is a free radical
    any molecule that contains an unpaired electron in an atomic orbital.
  18. What is DRI and how many nutrients dose is give doses on
    Dietary Reference Intakes and it lists 26 nutrients and their doses
  19. What is RDA
    Recommended Dietary Allowances, list of average daily nutrient intake level
  20. What is AI
    Adequate Intake where there is no RDA but the amount established is somewhat less firmly believed to be adequate for everyone in that demographic group
  21. What is UL and what does it caution against
    Tolerable upper intake levels to caution against excessive intake of nutrients like vitamin A that can be harmful in large amounts
  22. What is Daily % value
    listing of all the important nutrients from two less inclusive government lists RDI and DRV printed on all nutrition labels
  23. What are the 6 essential nutrients
    Carbs, Proteins, Lipids, Minerals, Vitamins and Water
  24. What is the calories per gram and daily serving size for carbs, what do carbs do
    4 cal/g and 300g daily, carbs supply energy
  25. What are proteins made of and what percent of daily calories should proteins be and what do they help
    made of amino acids and should be 10% of daily calories. help supply energy, growth, maintenance, support, structure and regulate body processes
  26. How is the calories per gram for lipids and how much ( in grams of each type) should be consumed. What do lipids help
    9cal/g concentrated energy. 65g total of which 20g should be saturated. Lipids supply energy, help growth, maintenance, support, structure and regulate body processes
  27. What do minerals do, are they toxic and what do they no supply
    allow nerves to transmit impulses, heart to beat, oxygen to reach tissue, vitamins to be absorbed, mostly non toxic and are excreted. minerals do not supply energy but do help in growth, maintenance, support, structure and regulate body processes
  28. What do vitamins do and what are the two types and give examples of which are in each group.
    take part in cellular reactions and facilitate them. The two types are water soluble (C,B vitamins) and fat soluble (A,D,E,K). Its harder to OD on water soluble because they are excreted while fat soluble can build up in the liver. do not supply energy, but help with growth maintenance, support, structure and regulate body processes
  29. How much of your body weight is water and what does it do and not do
    50-60% of body weight. Does not supply energy, but help in growth, maintenance, support, structure and regulate body processes
  30. What are the cal per gram of alcohol and what does it do
    not a nutrient has 7cal/g and supplies energy
  31. What is fiber and what is the daily serving what are the two types and where can you find them
    it is a structural carb that can't be broken down and helps eliminate waste. daily serving is 25-30g. soluble, which helps lower cholesterol and risk of disease and help control appetite, insoluble which speeds up food passage. dietary is added to food or a supplement and functional is from food.
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Health Chapter 7
2014-11-03 20:30:38

Health Chapter 7 for Midterm 1
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