HHS 231 Chapter 9

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mccabkas
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288010
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HHS 231 Chapter 9
Updated:
2014-11-03 15:30:49
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HHS 231 Chapter 9 Midterm
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  1. Define Stress
    Disturbance in physical/emotional state due to a real or perceived threat, aggravation, or excitement that disturbs the body's "normal" physiological state and to which the body must adapt daily hassles are a great source of stress
  2. Define Stressor
    A physical, social, or psychological event or circumstance to which the body tries to adapt
  3. Define Stress Response
    A set of physiological changes initiated by your body in response to a stressor
  4. Define Psychological Hardiness
    Characteristics of control, commitment, and an embrace of challenge that help individuals cope with stress
  5. Define Homeostasis
    A state of physiological equilibrium where your body is in a 'normal' state
  6. Define Allostatic Load
    Long-term wear and tear on the body that is cause by prolonged allostasis
  7. Define Allostasis
    The many simultaneous changes that occur in the body to maintain homeostasis
  8. Define Endorphins
    Hormones secreted within the brain and nervous system having a number of physiological functions
  9. Define Eustress
    Stress based on positive circumstances or events. Can present an opportunity for personal growth.
  10. Define Distress
    Stress based on negative circumstance or events, or those perceived as negative. Can diminish wellness
  11. What is fight or flight and what hormones are released?
    • When your body is signaled to promote survival.
    • - Adrenaline and norepinephrine
  12. What is the General Adaptation Syndrome? And what are the 3 stages?
    • Stressors seem to provoke the same general set of changes in the body. Central to this model is the idea that stress disrupts homeostasis.
    • 1. Alarm
    • 2. Resistance
    • 3. Exhaustion
  13. Internal & External Stressors: Define Change
    Any time change occurs in your normal routine, you experience stress. The greater the magnitude of change the more stress.
  14. Internal & External Stressors: Define Performance Demands
    Stress from expectations of high standards or demands
  15. Internal & External Stressors: Define Inconsistent Goals/Behaviors
    Stress is magnified when we don't match our goals with our actions
  16. Internal & External Stressors: Define Overload
    A state of feeling overburdened, unable to keep up, and longing for escape. Can frequently cause depression or substance-abuse.
  17. Internal & External Stressors: Define Burnout
    A state of stress induced physical and mental exhaustion.
  18. Relaxation Techniques: Define Relaxation Breathing
    Inhaling deeply and rhythmically and involving the abdominal muscles. This can help relieve tension and increase oxygen levels in the blood.
  19. Relaxation Techniques: Define Progressive Muscle Relaxation
    Releases tension in the muscles, muscle group by muscle group.
  20. Relaxation Techniques: Define Meditation
    Focus on breathing, body sensations, and detaching from stray thoughts and worries
  21. Relaxation Techniques: Define Yoga
    Stretching, relaxation, and breathing movements.
  22. Relaxation Techniques: Define Biofeedback
    Involves monitoring physical stress responses such as brain activity, blood pressure, muscle tension, and heart rate.
  23. Relaxation Techniques: Define Hypnosis
    Trains people to focus on one thought, object, or voice and to become unusually responsive to suggestion.

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