social psych exam 2

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social psych exam 2
2014-11-03 16:27:22

social psych
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  1. behaviorism
    a school of psychology maintaining an understanding of human behavior, one need only consider the reinforcing properties of the environment
  2. controlled thinking
    thinking that is conscious, intentional, voluntary and effortful
  3. diffusion of responsibility
    the phenomenon where in each bystanders sense of responsibility to help decreases as the number of witnesses increases
  4. distinctiveness
    information about the extent to which one particular actor behaves in the same way to different stimuli
  5. external attribution
    the interference that a person is behaving a certain way because of something about the situation they are in; the assumption is that most people would respond the same way in that situation
  6. fundamental attribution error
    the tendency to over estimate the extent to which people's behaviors are due to internal dispositional factors and underestimate the role of external situational factors
  7. individualistic culture
    things exist by themselves and can be defined by their attributes (context independent, object oriented, does not require strong social ties)
  8. collectivistic culture
    things are inter-related. various factors are involved in an event (context dependent, context sensitive)
  9. situational/external factors
    interdependent cultures
  10. dispositional factors
    independent cultures
  11. contextual information (in picture) 
    change blindness results:
    • USA noticed less information
    • Japanese noticed more
  12. focal object (in picture)
    change blindness results:
    • USA noticed more information
    • Japanese noticed less
  13. domain relevant
    self evaluation maintenance model
    distance myself from someone who does better that me
  14. domain irrelevant
    self evaluation maintenance model
    bask in the reflected glory of someone else's success
  15. self enhancement motives
    4 mechanisms
    basking in reflected glory, downward social comparison, self-serving cognitions, self-handicapping
  16. self serving attributions
    when i succeed i credit
    internal/dispositional factors
  17. self serving attributions
    when i fail i blame
    external/situational factors