# Chapter 3 Electricity!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

 The flashcards below were created by user stanleyjustis on FreezingBlue Flashcards. Direct Current Charged Particles travel through a circuit in one direction Alternating Current electrons move back and forth in a circuit Transformer device that changes the size of potential difference of an altering current Circuit Breaker placed in series with other circuits that lead to appliances and outlets Fuse found in older buildings and some appliances, placed in series with other circuits that lead to appliances and outlets Electrical Power rate at which an appliance uses electrical energy Watt unit of electrical power 1kw=1000 watts Kilowatt unit of electrical power 1kw=1000w Electrical Energy energy that is used by all appliances in order for the appliances to operate, get the energy when you plug stuff into an outlet in your house Kilowatt-hour A practical unit of electrical power; 1 kilowatt = 1000 watts (W) EnerGuide Label Smart Meter A meter that records the total electrical energy used hour by hour and sends thisinformation to the utility company automatically Time of use pricing A system of pricing in which the cost of each kWh of energy used is different at different times of the day Phantom Load The electricity that is consumed by an appliance or adevice when it is turned off Efficency The ratio of useful energy output to the total energy input, expressed as a percentage Base Load The continuous minimum demand for electrical power Hydroelectric power generation The production of electricity using a source of moving water Intermediate load A demand for electricity that is greater than the base load and is met by burning coal and natural gas Peak Load The greatest demand for electricity, which is met by  using hydroelectric power and natural gas Renewable Energy Source A source of energy that can be replaced in a relatively brief period of time Non-renewable Energy Source A source of energy that cannot be replaced as quickly as it is used Solar Energy Energy that is directly converted from the energy of the Sun into electricity Photovoltaic Effect The generation of a direct current when certain materials are exposed to light Biomass Energy the energy that comes from biomass fuels Authorstanleyjustis ID288020 Card SetChapter 3 Electricity!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! DescriptionElectricity Glossary Terms chapter 3 Updated2014-11-03T22:15:41Z Show Answers