Equine Management

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Equine Management
2014-11-06 14:26:49
vtht vettech vet tech joyce brod equine management jill hinton jihinton lonestar lone star horses vmd veterinary medicine bandaging lameness handout tomball college

bandage and lameness handout
Show Answers:

  1. 2 types of bandage
    • a. post operative bandage
    • b. support wrap bandage - lower limb
  2. materials needed for post operative bandage
    • a. non-adhering bandaging (Telfa pad)
    • b. wide gauze or foam air bandage 
    • c. elastikon
  3. steps in applying a post operative bandage
    a. place____ over incision site
    b. using___, wrap the ____ in place. (start__ moving____)
    c. apply___ at __% stretch so it overlaps with the skin and the bottom of the bandage. Work up the leg until_____.
    d. apply _____ over this bandage.
    * this step is not done if there is______.
    • a. non-adhering bandage
    • b. wide gauze, telfa pad, medial, cranial
    • c. elastikon, you are above the gauze 
    • d. support bandage
    • * an open wound
  4. An inner bandage used as 
    1. protective layer over incisions
    2. first absorbent layer for an open wound
    • post operative bandage is used as 
    • 1.
    • 2.
  5. A post operative bandage serves to keep (1)__________ and to (2)____________
    • 1. keep surgical area clean and dry
    • 2. optimally stay on for three days
  6. materials needed for support wrap bandage - lower limb
    • a. cotton
    • b. elastikon
    • c. vet wrap
  7. steps to applying supportive wrap bandage on lower limb:
    a. roll of _______ is applied starting _____ aspect rolling to _____aspect of limb.
    b. before next layer is applied the first layer must be____.
    c. ________ is then applied starting ________ and moving _________.
    • a. layered sheet cotton, medial - lateral, (front to back)
    • b. smoothed
    • c. vet wrap, medial, lateral
  8. _____is manifested by asymmetry in movement. Is an indication of a structural or functional disorder in one or more limbs. Is manifested during progression of movement or in the standing position.
  9. The ultimate effect of lameness:
    • 1. restricted movement
    • 2. reduced performance
    • 3. abnormal gait
  10. Classification of lameness:
    A. _________: Noticed when horse is supporting weight on the foot or when he lands on it.
    supporting limb lameness
  11. Classification of lameness:
    B. ___________ seen when leg is in motion
    swinging-leg lameness
  12. Classification of lameness:
    C. ___________: evident when the limb is moving and when it is supporting weight.
    mixed lameness
  13. Classification of lameness
    D. _________ pain in a limb will cause uneven distribution on another limb or limbs, which can produce lameness in a previously sound limb. 
    a complimentary lameness produced in a forelimb as a result of a lameness in opposite forelimb
    complementary lameness
  14. Common causes/injuries associated with ____________ lameness include injury to bones, joints, collateral ligaments, or motor nerves, and injuries to foot.
    supporting limb lameness
  15. Common causes/injuries associated with ______________ lameness include pathologic changes involving joint capsules, muscles, tendons, tendon sheaths, or bursas.
    swinging-leg lameness
  16. This type of lameness can involve any combination of the structures affected in swinging-leg or supported limb lameness
    mixed lameness
  17. Infection, trauma, metabolic disturbances, congenital or acquired anomalies, circulatory and nervous disorders, or any combination of the above causes:
    lameness can be caused by:
  18. ________ is a specific form of lameness. It refers to a generalized restriction in freedom of movement that originates in the limbs, neck, or back. Manifested as a reduction in a range of motion of a joint, stride length, and flexibility during bending or turning.
  19. _____ can be congenital or acquired. Clinical signs may vary from mild and transient to severe and persistent. May have pain associated with it.
  20. Diagnosing the