psych

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Anonymous
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288102
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psych
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2014-11-04 10:58:34
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psych
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psych chapters 4 7 8
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  1. developmental psychology
    scientific study of how humans change over a life time
  2. Germinal period
    from conception to 2 weeks. prenatal development
  3. embryonic period
    Prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks. major body parts start to form, brain, spine, organs.
  4. Fetal Period
    from 8 weeks to birth. body continues growing and developing
  5. Teratogens
    environment agents that can harm prenatal development
  6. Maturation
    Physical development of the brain and body that prepares an infant for voluntary movements such as crawling and walking
  7. Secure attachment
    when in a new environment a infant feels comfortable exploring the place as long as in the company of a care taker. if the care taker leaves the baby becomes upset but stops crying when the person comes back
  8. Avoidant attachment
    when infants are somewhat willing to explore a new environment but to not look to caregiver when they leave of come back. they have little interest in the caregiver
  9. ambivalent attachement
    infants who are unwilling to explore the new areas but seem to have mixed feelings about the caregiver. they cry when the care giver leaves an continues to cry when it returns.
  10. Assimilation
    the process we use to incorporate new info into existing frameworks for knowledge
  11. Accomadation
    The process we use to create new framework for knowledge of drastically change existing framework to incorporate new info that would other wise not fit
  12. Memory
    The nervous systems capacity to acquire and retain skills and knowledge for later retrieval
  13. Encoding
    The processing of info so that it can be stored
  14. Storage
    the retention of encoded representations over time
  15. Retrieval
    The act of recalling or remembering stored info when it is needed
  16. Attention
    Focusing mental resources on info allows further processing for perception, memory, and response.
  17. Change blindness
    an individuals failure to notice large visual changes in the environment
  18. Sensory Storage
    A memory storage system that briefly holds a limited amount of info
  19. Working memory
    a memory storage system that allows manipulation of different types of info to keep it available for current use
  20. Long term Storage
    Memory storage system that allows permanent storage
  21. Maintenance rehearsal
    Using working memory processes to to repeat info based on how it sounds
  22. Elaborative Rehearsal
    Uses Working memory to think about how new info relates to prior knowledge
  23. Retrograde amnesia
    When you can remember memories from BEFORE an a brain injury
  24. Anterograde amnesia
    when you can't form new memories after a brain injury but still remember the memories from before
  25. Explicit memory
    The system for long term storage of conscious memories that can be verbally described
  26. Episodic memories
    Explicit memory that includes a persons personal experiences
  27. Semantic memory
    Explicit memory that includes a persons knowledge of the world
  28. Implicit memory
    Systems for long term storage of the UNCONSCIOUS memories that cannot be verbally discussed
  29. Procedural memory
    a type of implicit memory that involves motor skills and behavioral habits
  30. Prospective memory
    Remembering to do something in the future. leave yo self a note
  31. Consolodation
    a process by which immediate memories become lasting through long term storage
  32. retrieval cue
    anything that helps you remember something else
  33. Retroactive interference
    when access to older memories are impaired by newer memories
  34. Proactive interference
    When access to new memories become impaired by older memories
  35. Analogical representation
    Mental representation that have some of the physical characteristics of objects
  36. Symbolic representation
    Abstract mental Representations that consist of words or ideas
  37. Defining attribute model
    A category is characterized by a list of features
  38. Prototype model
    With in each category there is a best example or pro type
  39. Exemplar model
    All concepts in categories and examples
  40. Fluid intelligence
    Infoprocessing especially in novel or complex circumstances such as reasoning, drawing analogies, thinking quickly, and flexibility
  41. Crystallized intelligence
    Involves knowledge we acquire thru our own experience

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