SOCY 151- Chapter 11

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HPizir
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288110
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SOCY 151- Chapter 11
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2014-11-05 15:41:06
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SOCY 151 Chapter 11
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SOCY 151
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SOCY 151- Chapter 11
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  1. a socially constructed category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important
    Race
  2. A shared cultural heritage
    Ethnicity
  3. Any category of people distinguished by physical or cultural difference that a society sets apart and subordinates
    Minority
  4. A rigid and unfair generalization about an entire category of people
    Prejudice
  5. A simplified description applied to every person in some category
    Stereotype
  6. The belief that one racial category is innately superior or inferior to another
    Racism
  7. A person or category of people, typically with little power, whom people unfairly blame for their own troubles
    Scapegoat
  8. Unequal treatment of various categories of people
    Discrimination
  9. Bias built into the operation of society's institutions
    Institutional Prejudice and Discrimination
  10. A state in which people of all races and ethnicities are distinct but have equal social standing
    Pluralism
  11. The process by which minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant culture
    Assimilation
  12. Biological reproduction by partners of different racial categories
    Miscegenation
  13. The physical and social separation of categories of people
    Segregation
  14. The systematic killing of one category of people by another
    Genocide
  15. Theory that holds prejudice springs from frustration among people who are themselves disadvantaged
    Scapegoat theory
  16. Theory that people rigidly conform to conventional cultural values and see moral issues as clear-cut matters of right and wrong
    Authoritarian Personalities Theory
  17. Theory that claims that although extreme prejudice may be found in some people, some prejudice is found in everyone
    Culture Theory
  18. Theory that proposes that prejudice is used as a tool by powerful people to oppress others
    Conflict Theory
  19. Race and ethnicity often serve as a _________ status
    master
  20. Race is constructed from _________ traits and ethnicity is constructed from _____________ traits
    • - Biological
    • - Cultural
  21. One measure of prejudice; how closely people are willing to interact with members of some category
    Social distance
  22. Supreme court decision that ended legal segregation of school in 1954
    Brown vs. Board of Education
  23. Means having little contact of any kind with people outside the local community
    Hypersegregation
  24. kinship networks
    clans

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