Card Set Information
Primary Source Documents
FM 7-0, ADRP 7-0, Army Training Network(web-based)
Mission Essential Task List
Different for all units
Task Groups and supporting collective tasks
determines priority of tasks and the conditions under which to train (variable)
(Operations) ADRP 3-0, ADRP 7-0 (training)
The Strategic Landscape
The nature, scope, breadth, and depth of
future conflict require that commanders train to produce adaptation and
flexibility in forces and are decisively engaged in training management
a composite of the conditions,
circumstances, and influences which affect the employment of military
forces and bear on the decisions of the commander
principals of leadership development
Lead by example
Develop subordinate leaders
Create a learning environment for subordinate leaders
Train leaders in the art and science of mission command
Train to develop adaptive leaders
Train leaders to think critically and creatively
Train your leaders to know their subordinates and their families
The foundation of a unit's readiness ties
directly to the proficiencies of individual Soldiers. Training and
education prepare Soldiers to perform assigned tasks to standard,
accomplish their mission and duties
Unit collective training reinforces
foundations established in the institutional training domain and
introduces additional skills needed to support the units mission and
Since future conflicts are more likely to be fought "among the people", the amount of _______ a Soldier can use is limited.
Commanders are the unit's primary training managers and primary trainers.
Commanders train their direct subordinate units and guide and evaluate training two echelons down.
A leader's primary OBJ is to train subordinates and organizations for mission success.
Leaders must motivate subordinates toward excellence and encourage initiative and innovation.
Leaders place high priority on training and leader development.
Leaders ensure training is executed to standard.
Leaders continually asses individual and organizational proficiency.
Leaders enforce safety and manage risk.
noncommissioned officers training
Training is a primary duty of NCOs; NCOs turn guidance into action.
NCOs identify Soldier, crew, and small-team tasks, and help identify
unit collective tasks that support the unit's mission-essential tasks.
NCOs provide and enforce standards-based, performance-oriented, mission-focused training.
NCOs focus on sustaining strengths and improving weakness.
NCOs develop junior NCOs and help officers develop junior officers
train to standard
Leaders know and enforce standards.
Leaders define success where standards have not been established.
Leaders train to standard, not to time.
train as you will fight
Train for unified land operations and quick transitions between missions.
Train for proficiency in combined arms operations and unified action.
Train the fundamentals first.
Make training performance-oriented, realistic, and mission-focused.
Train for challenging, complex, ambiguous, and uncomfortable situations.
Integrate safety and RM throughout training.
Determine and use the right mix of live, virtual, constructive, and
gaming training enablers to provide conditions for training that
replicate the anticipated operational environment.
Train while deployed.
train while operating
Leaders continuously evaluate observations, insights, and lessons on planning, preparing, and execution
Incorporate corrective action into training before the unit conducts the next operation
train fundamentals first
The Warrior Tasks
a training technique that allows for the simultaneous training of more than one echelon on different or complementary tasks
training conducted within another type of
training. Leaders should exercise initiative and create their own
training events within larger training exercises, based on the needs of
their unit and through coordination with the larger or supported unit
How many training principles are there?
wants to develop leaders who can direct Mk-19 fire one minute and use
interpersonal skills to resolve a conflict between two neighbors the
next. This ability is defined as?
three training domains
Institutional, Operational, Self-Development
the Army's institutional training and
education system, which primarily includes training base centers and
schools that provide initial training and subsequent professional
consists of the training activities
organizations undertake while at home station, training centers, or
while operationally deployed
self development training
includes planned, goal-oriented learning that
reinforces and expands the depth and breadth of an individual's
knowledge base, self-awareness, and situational awareness
crawl walk run method
The crawl-walk-run method is used to
gradually accelerate training intensity and difficulty. In
crawl-walk-run training, tasks and standards remain the same; however,
the conditions under which they are trained change
warrior tasks and drills Warrior tasks are individual Soldier skills
Warrior tasks are individual Soldier skills
critical to Soldier survival. Battle drills are group skills designed to
teach a unit to react and survive in common combat situations
Shoot, Move, Communicate, Survive, Adapt
React to contact, establish security, perform
actions as a member of a mounted patrol, evacuate a casualty, react to
indirect fire dismounted, react to ambush (near/far)
army force generation
a process that progressively builds unit
readiness over time during predictable periods of availability to
provide trained, ready, and cohesive units prepared for operational
ARFORGEN takes each unit through a three-phased readiness cycle
Reset - unit redeploys from long-term operations or completes their planned deployment window in the available force pool.
Train/Ready - unit is prepared to conduct higher level collective training and prepare for deployment.
Available - forces or headquarters deploying to an ongoing operation or
available for immediate alert and deployment to a contingency.
Law Enforcement Support
Periodic maintenance services are scheduled and preformed
Time for Soldiers to attend education and training courses
Leaves and Passes are maximized
Routine medical, dental, and administrative AWT
Plan and resource next Green Cycle
Individual/Team Training is emphasized
Time for Soldiers to attend education and training courses
Weapon PMI and Maintenance
Week 1 - Weapon PMI/PMCS, EST/Weaponeer, Physical Training
Week 2 - Small Arms Ranges, Stress Fire, MOUT, Shoot House, PT
Week 3 - Individual/Team/Squad (Lane/STX/FTX/LFX) EXEVAL, PT
Week 4 - Recovery, 100% Inventories, Vehicle & Equipment maintenance, PT
Week 5 - Law Enforcement Certification
Week 6 - Commander's priorities/Support to Red Cycle Platoon
the process used by Army leaders to identify training requirements and subsequently plan, prepare, execute, and assess training.
modular force organizations
units tailored through ARFORGEN to create
force packages to meet specific mission requirements. i.e. BCTs, modular
support brigades, and functional brigades
mission essential task list
a compilation of mission-essential
tasks that an organization must perform successfully to accomplish its
doctrinal or directed mission
A unit's METL must be approved by 1 level higher.
* A company is the lowest level to produce a METL.
the process used to derive training from a unit's core capabilities as documented in its authorization document (TOE/TDA)
a mission the unit is formally assigned to execute or prepare to execute via a deployment order and assigned RFF
combined arms training strategies
CATS provide information for commanders and leaders to assist in development of unit training plans (Online)
ways to conduct training
Map Exercise (MAPEX)
Tactical Exercise Without Troops (TEWT)
Situational Training Exercise (STX)
Lanes Training Exercise (LTX)
Staff Training Exercise (STAFFEX)
Command Post Exercise (CPX)
METL T/P/U Assessments
Trained - "T" means that the unit can perform
the task to standard without any significant shortcomings. Practice of
"T" tasks is designed to keep Soldiers from loosing proficiency.
Needs Practice - "P" means that the unit can perform the task with some
shortcomings. The shortcomings are not severe enough to require
Untrained - "U" means the unit can not perform the task to standard
army training management model
Plan - Training to standard begins with
planning. Focuses training around METL needed to conduct unified land
operations in likely operation environments.
Prepare - Preparation is the heart of training management. Planning,
detailed coordination, and preparation for executing the training
continue until the training is complete.
Execute - Effective training execution, regardless of the specific
collective, leader, and individual tasks being executed, requires
adequate preparation, effective presentation and practice, and thorough
Assess - Leader's judgment of units ability to perform its METL, and its
ability to accomplish its doctrinal or directed mission.
is the transmission of verbal or
written evaluative or corrective information about a process or task to
individuals and organizations. It provides the basis for assessments.
a method of providing feedback to
organizations by involving participants in the training diagnostic
process in order to increase and reinforce learning
types of planning
identifies the major training events for the
unit along with the resources required to execute the training events.
Normally covers 12 months for Regular Army and mobilized Reserve
consists of the short-range training and
leader development guidance and a planning calendar. These plans refine
the guidance contained in the long-range planning
is performed at battalion level and
lower. It includes conducting training meetings and preparing training
schedules. Normally covers six to eight weeks before the training for
Regular Army and four months before for Reserve Component
The single most important company meeting is the ____________.
digital training management system
Commercial off the Shelf (COTS) from nFocus Software
what is dtms currently trying to accomplish
Integrate all the programs the Army uses for training management
What is the one fatal flaw that stops the entire flow of information that DTMS uses?
you must have an internet connection
is it called when you want to use additional training aides in your training?
Training Aids Devices Simulators and Simulations
Optimizing training time and resources.
Conduct Multi-echelon and Concurrent Training
Principles of Training
Commanders and other Leaders are responsible for
NCOs train individuals, crews and small teams
Train to Standard
Train as you Fight
Train while Operating
Train Fundamentals first
Train to Develop Adaptablility
Understand the Opperational Environment
Train to Sustain
Train to Maintain
Conduct Multi-echelon and Concurrent Training
Know where to find YOUR METL and what levels it applies to
Battalions and Companies develop
their METLs so support the METL of a higher headquarters.
Brigade and above METL is dictated by the DA.
understand unit assessment process
Assessing Proficiency in training tasks before during and after training.
Army Training Management Model.
Prepare, Execute, Assess throughout (cycle)
the Company level meetings.
and Training Briefing/contract. Training meetings are the single most
Who is responsible for Training.
Comanders and other leaders.
are responsible for training individuals, crews and small teams
Understand development of Unit Training Plans
by unit leaders, signed off and assessed by commander two levels up.
Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills
individual tasks essential to confidently and successfully complete collective
doctrine covering training. Where it’s found.
7-0 and ADRP 7-0
who and at what level, evaluates training.
two levels up