Lower Extremity-Knee Injuries

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  1. Knee Plica
    • Remnants of fetal tissue in knee. Synovial plica are membranes that separate the knee into compartments during fetal development
    • Plica normally diminishes in size during second trimester. 
    • In adults the exist as sleeves called "Synovial Folds"
    • Medial Plica is most commonly irritated.
  2. Osteochondritis Dissecans
    • Partial or complete separation of a piece of articular cartilage and subchondral bone.
    • Exact Cause unkown- Slow onset
    • S&S: Knee aches, recurrent swelling, locking and catching. 
    • Care: Rest, Sometimes surgery
  3. Peroneal Nerve Contusion
    • E: Compression of peroneal nerve as it crosses the neck of the fibula. Direct Impact.
    • S&S: Radiating pain, numbness, paresthesia, local pressure may cause pain. 
    • Care: RICE, protective pad during play
  4. Patellofemoral Syndrome
    Catch all term for pain that occurs in and around the patellofemoral joint.
  5. Chondromalacia Patella
    • E: Softening and deteoration of articular cartilage on back of patella. Cause unknown but attributed to patellar tracking. 
    • S&S: Pain with running, walking, going up and down stairs. Swelling and crepitus.
    • Care: Mainly anti-inflammatories, modalities, and rehab.
  6. Patellar Tendinitis
    • E: Excessive repetition of running and jumping
    • S&S: Pain and swelling. 
    • Care: Activity modification, anti-inflammatories, heat and cold, rehab.
  7. I.T. Band Syndrome (Runner's Knee)
    • E: Repetitive stress and overuse. Most often with runners and cyclists with structural malalignments. 
    • S&S: Pain over lateral condyle of femur
    • Care: Modalities, stretching, warm-up and cool-down.
Card Set:
Lower Extremity-Knee Injuries
2014-11-05 05:17:35

Knee Injuries
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