Patho: Bacteria invade the uretine and tubula tissue after migrating thorugh the cervix and scar tissue is fromed.
Vulvovaginitis? CM? Common organism?
Inflammation of the vulva and vagina.
CM: Thick, white vaginal discharge, malodorous, purulent discharge.
organism: Candida albicans.
Uterine leiomyomas: The most common (known:fibroids) -- estrogen and GH influence development. -- causes pain, abnormal bleeding, and discharge.
Ovarian cysts: Bening sacs on ovary that contains fluids -- happens to ppl after menarches and before menapause. -- Idiopathic and usually assymptomatic -- The pain is cause when they rupture (like appendicitis)
endometriosis: growth of the endometrium outside the uterus. -- Usually happens in nulliparous (never being pregnant) women > 30,40. -- It is the most common cause of infertility.
Patho: the lining of the uterus backs up into the ovaries, instead of outside the vagina, and eventually covers the ovaries.
What are the areas of cancer of the female genital structures?
Cancer of the vulva.
What are the disorders of pregnancy?
Pregnancy-induced HTN: Rapid rise in BP and proteinuria that could cause a stroke. -- multiple fetuses increase the changes. -- Characterized by salt and water retention.
Hyperemesis gravidarum: Excessice vomiting during pregnancy causing dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, also no gain of weight and nutrition, might compromise the fetus.
Placenta Previa: Placenta is implanted abnormally over the internal cervix. This interrupts fetal oxygen supply. Ideopathic.
Abruption Placenta: Premature separation of placenta, usually related to trauma (car accident). This decreases the Oxygen supply to the baby. It is a medical emergency.
Spontaneous Abortion: Miscarriage. usually caused by fetal abnormalities, faulty implantation, trauma, etc -- CM: vaginal bleeding abdominal cramps.
Disorders of the breast?
reactive-inflammatory breast disorders:Mammary duct ectasia (mastitis) chronic inflammatory process -- Common in breast feeding.
Breast abscesses: Common in persons predisposed to infections such as diabetes Mellitus or steroid therapy.
Fat necrosis: Death of tissue after trauma or injury.
Benign Breast Disorders:Fribrocystic breast disease is benign, usually caused by hormonal changes, aging, high caffeine diet. TENDER, FIRM, REGULAR, MOBILE. Usually not seen in postmenaposal women.
Carcinoma of the Breast:It is the growth of abnormal cells in the breast. TUMORS TEND TO BE PAINLESS, HARD AND FIXED. Pathology of older women.
Pathogenesis: Bc of the high amt of lymph nodes around the breast, there is a high chance of metastasis.