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  1. Conditioning
    System of bringing a horse to a level of fitness that is sufficient for him to do his job efficiently and correctly
  2. Time period to bring an unfit horse to the point of regular work
    4 - 6 weeks
  3. Principles of Conditioning
    • Training Effect
    • Demand
    • Progressive Loading
    • Overloading
    • Rest
    • Nutrition
    • Peaking
  4. Training Effect
    Physical development

    All systems are involved.  Cardiovascular and musculoskeletal are most affected
  5. Demand
    Work creates a demand for more oxygen & fuel in cells

    • Body adapts for demand by increasing # of red blood cells & improving efficiency in delivering oxygen & fuel to the cells, removing waste, & producing energy
    • Purpose of conditioning exercise is to increase demand enough to stimulate a training effect
  6. Progressive Loading
    Small, measured increases in exercise

    • Too little exercise - No demand to stimulate conditioning
    • Too much exercise - Overloading, injuries, & breakdown
  7. Overloading
    Body is subject to work/stress beyond its limits

    • Signs of overloading:
    •     Dull coat
    •     Poor appetite
    •     Weight loss
    •     Lack of energy
    •     Disinterest in work/sourness
    •     Heat and/or filling in legs
  8. Rest
    • Allows replenishment of depleted oxygen & aids in mental stability & attitude
    • Regular turnout & short training sessions also help keep a horse fresh
  9. Nutrition
    • Fuel for energy
    • Enough liquids to be properly hydrated
  10. Peaking
    • Peak Condition - Cannot improve ability or performance
    • Cannot remain here indefinitely
  11. Muscles store ___ & ___ as sources of energy for contractions
    Glycogen & Triglycerides
  12. Aerobic Metabolism
    • Produces energy at a low rate that is sustainable for a long period of time
    • Dietary fats (carbs & fats) used for fuel
    • Creates energy using oxygen & glycogen
  13. Anaerobic Alactic Metabolism
    • Produces energy in short but intense bursts that last for 10-20 seconds
    • Creates energy using creatinine  phosphokinase & glycogen
    • Anaerobic alactic energy ends when body's creatinine phosphokinase supply is exhausted
  14. Anaerobic Lactic Metabolism
    • Produces energy for strenuous exertion that lasts for more than 20 seconds
    • Creates energy using glycogen, such as carbohydrates
    • No oxygen used
    • Produces lactate (lactic acid), which is a toxic waste product
  15. Slow-Twitch Fibers
    • Best for aerobic metabolism
    • Long-distance work that requires endurance
  16. Fast-Twitch Fibers
    • Best for anaerobic metabolism
    • Brief, strenuous exercise such as jumping & sprinting
  17. Spleen
    Reservoir for red blood cells which are released into circulation when spleen contracts during exercise
  18. How many times greater is the consumption of oxygen during exercise than when at rest?
    30 times greater
  19. What takes the longest conditioning time to develop to maximum strength?
    • Bone tissues take the longest
    • Tendons & ligaments also take a long time

    They both take years for develop to peak condition
  20. Long, Slow Distance Work (LSD)
    Type of aerobic conditioning that lays the foundation for all other conditioning, providing a base of cardiovascular fitness & endurance
  21. Anaerobic Metabolism
    • Produces energy faster but less efficiently
    • Oxygen in blood is used more quickly than it is replenished, causing the production of lactate
    • Anaerobic exercise is not used until the horse has a base of fitness obtained by aerobic conditioning
  22. 70% of heat from locomotion dissipated how?
    Evaporative heat loss through sweating
  23. Heat Stress
    Body temperature over 105° from overexertion
  24. Anhidrosis
    Condition where horse does not sweat
  25. Comfortable heat index for working
  26. Important heat indexes to know
    • 140: Horse relies mostly on sweating to dissipate body heat
    • 150: Evaporative cooling compromised
    • 180: No natural way for the body to cool itself and often causes heat stress
Card Set:
2014-11-07 13:30:33

Horsemanship Quiz Challenge Study Guide: Conditioning
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