A&P for RCP Module 3

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  1. The outer one-third of the kidney is called the
    A. medulla
    B. renal pyramid
    C. cortex
    D. minor calyces
    C. cortex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Glomerular filtration is directly proportional to
    A. blood cell size
    B. hydrostatic pressure
    C. osmotic pressure
    D. the patient's fluid intake
    B. hydrostatic pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Tubular reabsorption occurs primarily in the
    A. distal convoluted tubule
    B. loop of Henle
    C. renal corpuscle
    D. proximal convoluted tubule
    D. proximal convoluted tubule
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The major substance(s) transported by means of tubular secretion is(are)
    1. H+
    2. Cl-
    3. K+
    4. HCO3-
    5. Na+
         A. 1 only
         B. 2 and 4 only
         C. 4 and 5 only
         D. 1 and 3 only
    D. 1 and 3 only
  5. The urine produced by the healthy kidney has a specific gravity of about
    A. 1.000-1.001
    B. 1.006-1.020
    C. 1.003-1.030
    D. 1.060-1.080
    C. 1.003-1.030
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of the following can be classified as a prerenal condition?
    1. heart failure
    2. intratubular obstruction
    3. bladder outlet obstruction
    4. hypovolemia
         A. 2 only
         B. 4 only
         C. 2 and 3 only
         D. 1 and 4 only
    D. 1 and 4 only
  7. Which of the following are the functional units of the kidneys?
    A. peritubular capillaries
    B. collecting ducts
    C. major calyces
    D. nephrons
    D. nephrons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which of the following empties urine into the bladder?
    A. ureters
    B. urethra
    C. collecting ducts
    D. distal convoluted tubules
    A. ureters
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Normally, the net glomerular filtration pressure is about
    A. 15 mm Hg
    B. 5 mm Hg
    C. 10 mm Hg
    D. 20 mm Hg
    C. 10 mm Hg
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following is(are) part of the nephron?
    1. proximal convoluted tubules
    2. loop of Henle
    3. glomerulus
    4. distal convoluted tubules
         A. 3 only
         B. 2, 3, and 4 only
         C. 1, 2, and 3 only
         D. 1, 2, 3, and 4
    D. 1, 2, 3, and 4
  11. Most of the lung function indices reach their maximum levels between
    A. 20-25 years of age
    B. 15-20 years of age
    C. 5-10 years of age
    D. 10-15 years of age
    A. 20-25 years of age
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. As an individual ages, the
    A. expiratory reserve volume increases
    B. residual volume decreases
    C. vital capacity decreases
    D. functional residual capacity decreases
    C. vital capacity decreases
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. With advancing age, the
    1. lung compliance decreases
    2. chest wall compliance increases
    3. lung compliance increases
    4. chest wall compliance decreases
         A. 2 only
         B. 3 only
         C. 1 and 2 only
         D. 3 and 4 only
    D. 3 and 4 only
  14. As an individual ages, the
    1. forced vital capacity increases
    2. peak expiratory flow rate decreases
    3. forced expiratory volume in 1 second increases
    4. maximum voluntary ventilation increases
         A. 1 only
         B. 2 only
         C. 2 and 4 only
         4. 3 and 4 only
    B. 2 only
  15. With advancing age, the
    1. PaCO2 increases
    2. PaCO2 decreases
    3. P(A-a)O2 decreases
    4. C(a-v)O2 decreases
         A. 1 only
         B. 2 only
         C. 3 and 4 only
         D. 2 and 4 only
    D. 2 and 4 only
  16. The maximum heart rate of a 45-year-old person is
    A. 155 beats/min
    B. 175 beats/min
    C. 165 beats/min
    D. 185 beats/min
    B. 175 beats/min
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Over the course of life, the diffusion capacity decreases by about
    A. 20%
    B. 10%
    C. 5%
    D. 15%
    A. 20%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Between 30 and 80 years of age, the cardiac output decreases by about
    A. 20%
    B. 10%
    C. 30%
    D. 40%
    D. 40%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. With advancing age, the
    1. blood pressure increases
    2. stroke volume decreases
    3. cardiac output decreases
    4. heart work decreases
         A. 1 only
         B. 2 only
         C. 3 and 4 only
         D. 1, 2, and 4 only
    d. 1, 2, and 4 only
  20. Between 20 and 60 years of age, the RV/TLC ratio
    A. increases from 20 to 25 percent
    B. increases from 20 to 35 percent
    C. increases from 20 to 30 percent
    D. increases from 20 to 40 percent
    B. increases from 20 to 35 percent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of the following is also known as paradoxic sleep?
    A. Stage W (wake)
    B. Stage N3 non-REM sleep
    C. Stage N1 non-REM sleep
    D. REM sleep
    E. Stage N2 non-REM sleep
    D. REM sleep
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Most sleep study epochs are
    A. 10 seconds in duration
    B. 60 seconds in duration
    C. 30 seconds in duration
    D. 20 seconds in duration
    C. seconds in duration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. K complexes first appear in which of the following stages during one full sleep cycle
    A. Stage N2
    B. Stage N1
    C. Stage N3
    D. REM
    A. Stage N2
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The newborn sleeps about how many total hours during a 24-hour period?
    A. 8 to 12 hours
    B. 6 to 8 hours
    C. 16 to 17 hours
    D. 13 to 15 hours
    C. 16 to 17 hours
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of the following is the most common sleep disorder?
    A. Restless leg syndrome
    B. Narcolepsy
    C. Sleep apnea
    D. Insomnia
    D. insomnia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following is characterized by prominent alpha waves (>50%)?
    A. eyes open-wake
    B. eyes closed-wake
    C. REM sleep
    D. stage N2 non-REM sleep
    B. eyes closed-wake
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which of the following occupies the greatest proportion of the total sleep time?
    A. stage N3 non-REM sleep
    B. stage N1 non-REM sleep
    C. REM sleep
    D. stage N2 non-REM sleep
    D. stage N2 non-REM sleep
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Sleep spindles first appear in which of the following?
    A. stage N1 non-REM sleep
    B. stage N2 non-REM sleep
    C. stage N3 non-REM sleep
    D. REM sleep
    B. stage N2 non-REM sleep
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Vertex shape waves often appear toward the end of which of the following sleep stages?
    A. stage N2 non-REM sleep
    B. stage N1 non-REM sleep
    C. REM sleep
    D. stage N3 non-REM sleep
    B. stage N1 non-REM sleep
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Delta waves are associated with which of the following stages?
    1. stage N1 non-REM sleep
    2. stage N2 non-REM sleep
    3. stage N3 non-REM sleep
    4. stage wake
    5. REM sleep
         A. 3 only
         B. 1 and 2 only
         C. 2 and 3 only
         D. 3 and 5 only
    A. 3 only
  31. The barometric pressure is about half the sea-level value of 760 torr an altitude of
    A. 4,000-5,000 ft
    B. 14,000-15,000 ft
    C. 18,000-19,000 ft
    D. 9,000-10,000 ft
    C. 18,000-19,000 ft
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The oxygen diffusion capacity of high-altitude natives is about
    A. 10-15% greater than predicted
    B. 20-25% greater than predicted
    C. 5-10% greater than predicted
    D. 15-20% greater than predicted
    B. 20-25% greater than predicted
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Acute mountain sickness is characterized by
    1. sleep disorders
    2. headache
    3. dizziness
    4. palpitation
    5. loss of appetite
         A. 1 and 3 only
         B. 2 and 4 only
         C. 1, 4, and 5 only
         D. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
    D. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
  34. The symptoms of acute mountain sickness are generally most severe on the
    A. first or second day after ascent
    B. second or third day after ascent
    C. third or fourth day after ascent
    D. fourth or fifth day after ascent
    B. second or third day after ascent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. When an individual is subjected to a high altitude for a prolonged period of time, which of the following is(are) seen?
    1. an increased RBC production
    2. a decreased PaCO2
    3. an increased P(A-a)O2
    4. a decreased alveolar ventilation
         A. 1 and 3 only
         B. 2 and 4 only
         C. 3 and 4 only
         D. 1, 2, and 3 only
    D. 1, 2, and 3 only
  36. True or False: At high altitude, the overall ventilation perfusion ratio improves.
    True
  37. True or False: In individuals who have acclimatized to a high altitude, an increased cardiac output is seen.
    False
  38. True or False: There is a linear relationship between the degree of ascent and the degree of pulmonary vasoconstriction and hypertension.
    True
  39. True or False: Natives who have been at high altitudes for generations commonly demonstrate a mild respiratory alkalosis.
    True
  40. True or False: The concentration of myoglobin in skeletal muscles is decreased in high-altitude natives.
    False
  41. At what depth below the water surface does the pressure increase to 3.0 atm?
    A. 66 feet
    B. 33 feet
    C. 99 feet
    D. 132 feet
    C. 99 feet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. If an individual fully inhales to a total lung capacity of 4.5 L at sea level (760 mm Hg) and dives to a depth of 66 feet, the lungs will be compressed to about
    A. 2.0 L
    B. 2.5 L
    C. 1.5 L
    D. 1.0 L
    C. 1.5 L
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. At seal level, a diver has the following:
         *Lung volume: 6 L
         *Pressure within the lungs: 755 mm Hg
    If this individual dives to a depth of 99 feet and compresses the lung volume to 2 L, what will be the pressure within the diver's lungs?
    A. 1420 mm Hg
    B. 2265 mm Hg
    C. 1765 mm Hg
    D. 960 mm Hg
    B. 2265 mm Hg
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The diving reflex consists of
    1. tachycardia
    2. decreased cardiac output
    3. bradycardia
    4. peripheral vasoconstriction
         A. 2 only
         B. 3 and 4 only
         C. 1 and 3 only
         D. 2, 3, and 4 only
    D. 2, 3, and 4 only
  45. The half-life of carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) when a victim is breathing room air at 1 atm is approximately
    A. 3 hours
    B. 4 hours
    C. 2 hours
    D. 5 hours
    D. 5 hours
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. True or False: Hyperventilation prior to a breath-hold dive can be dangerous.
    True
  47. True or False: The fall in PAO2 as a diver returns to the surface is known as the hypoxia of ascent.
    True
  48. True or False: Chest pain and coughing caused by decompression sickness is known as the bends.
    False
  49. True or False: The so-called PCO2 respiratory drive breaking point during a dive is about 55 torr.
    True
  50. True or False: Approximately 0.3 mL of O2 is physically dissolved in each 100 mL of blood for every PaO2 increase of 100 torr.
    True

Card Set Information

Author:
mdhurston
ID:
288712
Filename:
A&P for RCP Module 3
Updated:
2014-11-14 02:48:29
Tags:
Respiratory Anatomy Physiology
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Description:
End of chapter questions for A&P for Respiratory Care Module 3 Jardins Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiology (Chapters 16, 11, 17, 19, & 20)
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