Goverment Chapter 5.txt

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Goverment Chapter 5.txt
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Study Guide for goverment
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  1. What are the constitutional requirements for becoming a president?
    • - Be at least 35 years old
    • - Natural-born citizen of the us
    • - lived in the USA for 14 years.
  2. How long is the term of the president?
    4 years
  3. What role do the 22nd Amendment of the Constitution play in presidential succession?
    • a. Limit term of president to 2 terms
    • b. If a person acted as president for more than 2 years of a term to which someone else was elected president, he/she cannot be president more than once.
    • c. Ratified on february 27, 1951
  4. What role do the 25th Amendment of the Constitution play in presidential succession?
    • a. Presidential can be forced from office temporarily if: 1) the VP and mayority of congress or 2) the VP and presidents cabinet secretaries........declares the president unable to discharge the powers and duties of the office.
    • b. The VP becomes president until the president returns to office
    • c. Allows the president to appoint a new VP if VP resigns, dies, impeached, or becomes president.

    Ratified on february 10, 1967
  5. What is the list order of succession for the office of president?
    • 1. Vice President
    • 2. Speaker of the House of Representatives
    • 3. Senate president Pro Tempore
    • 4. Secretary of State
    • 5. Secretary of Treasury
    • 18. Secretary of Homeland Security
  6. What are the Powers of the President?
    • Legislative
    • Administrative
    • Budgetary
    • Judicial
    • National Security Powers
    • Executive Agreement
    • War power

    Note: Memorize Only 5
  7. Which are the legislative Powers?
    • a. Present information on the state of the union to Congress
    • b. recommend legislation to Congress
    • c. Can call special meeting of either the House or the Senate, or both on extraordinary occasions
    • d. adjourn Congress if the House and Senate cannot agree on adjournment
    • e. Veto legislation (Congress may override with two-thirds vote of each house)
  8. Which are the Administrative Powers?
    • a. 'Take care that the laws be faithfully executed", regardless of any personal feelings about these laws
    • b. Supervise executive branch of government
    • c. Nominate federal officials as provided for by Congress, subject to agreement of majority of the Senate
    • d. Can remove top officials, subject to agreement of the majority of the Senate
    • e. Request written opinions of administrative officials
    • f. Fill administrative vacancies during congressional recesses
  9. What are the Budgetary powers?
    Prepare an annual budget for presentation to Congress (this budget is simply a set of recommendations)
  10. Which are the Judicial Powers?
    • a. Grant reprieves, commutations, and pardons for federal offenses (except impeachment)
    • b. Nominate federal judges, who are confirmed by a majority of the Senate
  11. Which are the National Security Powers?
    • a. Serve as commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces
    • b. Make treaties with other nations, subject to the agreement of two-thrds of the Senate
    • c. Nominate ambassadors, with the agreement of a majority of the Senate
    • d. Receive ambassadors of other nations, thereby conferring diplomatic recognition of other governments
  12. What is the executive agreement?
    is a formal bur often secret agreement between the president and leaders of others nations that does not require the approval of the Senate.

    Only valid while the president signed is the present president.
  13. What is the Executive Privilege?
    Is the power to keep executive communications confidencial
  14. What is the executive Order?
    Directive issued by the president or governor that has the force of law
  15. Whow is divided the war power?
    • Is divided by the Constitution as such:
    • Congress = power declare war
    • President = power to wage war
  16. Describe the War Power Act
    • - Passed by Congress in 1773
    • - The president is limited in the deployment of troops overseas to a 60 day period in peacetime, unless congress explicity giver its approval for a longer period.
    • - Can be extended for an extra 30 days to permit withdrawal.
    • - The 60 day period starts when the president makes a report to congress.
  17. Which are the responsibilities of the Vice President? Which is the rule and the salary?
    • 1) To be ready to take the ____ of office in case the president cannot.
    • 2) Preside over the Senate

    Rule: under no circunstances con the president formal in remove his VP

    Salary: $230,700/yr
  18. What are the rules and responsibilities of the First Lady?
    Rule: by law, immediate members of president's family cannot be appointed to federal goverment positions.

    Responsibility acts as the social host of the White House often active in social issues.:
  19. What is the purpose of the bureaucracy?
    Its purpose is to implement laws.
  20. What is a Bureaucracy?
    IS a set of complex hierarchical departments, agencies, commissions, and their staff that exist to help a chief executive officer carry out his or her duties.
  21. How does the bureaucracy carry out its job?
    • The bureaucracy implements laws by:
    • - Regulating private activities
    • - Providing services and products.
  22. What are the four broad organizations of the federal bureaucracy?
    • 1. Departments
    • 2. Independent Agencies
    • 3. Independent Regulatory Commissions
    • 4. Goverment Corporations
  23. Describe the departments
    • - Are 15 in total
    • - Largest organizations
    • - Report to the president
    • - Each has a unique mission and is organized differently
    • - Each headed by a department secretary
  24. Describe the Independent Agencies
    • - Are about 60
    • - Report to the president
    • - Service specific groups or work on specific problems
  25. Describe the Independent Regulatory Commissions
    • - Do not report to the president
    • - Designed to regulate people and corporations
    • - Decisions subject to judicial review.
  26. What political activity do most Americans participate in?
    Voting
  27. Who sets voter registration requirements?
    By the Senate
  28. What are the requirements to be eligible to vote in Texas?
    • 1. Be a natural-born or naturalized US citizen
    • 2. Be at least 18 years of age on Election Day
    • 3. Be registered over for at least 30 days immediately preceding Election Day
  29. How are most bureaucrats chosen today?
    By the merit system
  30. What are the four broad organizations of the federal bureaucracy?
    Are the department, Independent agencies, Independent regulatory commissions and goverment corporations.
  31. Where can one register to vote in Texas?
    • 1. motor-voter registration system
    • 2. local marriage license offices
    • 3/ public high schools
    • 4. any volunteer deputy registar
    • 5. by mail
  32. Who can qualify to vote by mail in Texas?
    • If a person:
    • 1. will not be in his of her county of residence during the entire voting period and on election day
    • 2. is at least 65 years old
    • 3. is or will be physically disabled on Election Day, including those who expect to be confined for childbirth on Election Day.
    • 4. is in jail
  33. Process by which an individual becomes a presidential candidate to an elected president.
    • Step 1: nomination (January-June)
    • -Must win political party's nomination
    • -method used depends on the state's political parties
    • -method - cauctus method, primary election (open or close) , open primary election and Closed Primary Election. Been a register voter
    • Step 2: Convention (summer). The delegates "Officially" vote for presidencial and vice presidential candidates.
    • Party also vote on platform and rules
    • Step 3: General Election. 1st tuesday after the first monday in november.
  34. When the nomination take place?
    From January through June
  35. When the convention take place?
    In summer
  36. When the general election take place?
    the 1st tuesday after the first monday in november
  37. How can an independent presidential candidate get his or her name on the ballot?
    • Depends on the States:
    • 1. By nomination
    • 2. Pay a fee
  38. How the Electoral College works?
    • 1)# of electoral College votes of a State= # of US Congressional districts + US seats (2)
    • 2)Minimun # of Electoral College votes a state con have= #(1) Congressional District + (2) US Senate Seats= 3
    • 3) Total # of Electoral College votes= (435) US Congresional + (100) US Seante seats= 535 + (3) Washington DC= 538
    • 4) # of Electoral College votes needed in order to win presidency+ Majority, 270 min,
  39. What is the Winner-Take-All system?
    • Votes are based in the entire state.
    • In order to win, the candidate must receive PLURALITY, most # of votes.
    • If win, The candidate gets ALL OF THEM of the State's Electoral College votes
  40. Whichi states use the system Winner-Take-all?
    Texas and Washington, DC
  41. What is the Proporcional Allocation System?
    • - Each US congressional?Distric represents 1 Electoral College vote.
    • - In order to win, the candidate must receive PLURALITY of the votes in that US CONGRESIIONAL District.
    • - The remaining 2 Electoral College votes are based on the votes in the Entire State.
    • - In order to win, the candidate must receive PLURALITY of the votes.
  42. Which states use the Proporcional Allocation System?
    Nebraska and Main
  43. If no presidentialcandidate wins the majority of Electoral College votes, who or what determines who becomes the president?
    • -The decision goes to the US House of Representatives.
    • PROCESS:
    • 1) Choose among top three candidates
    • 2) Each State has ONE vote
    • 3) The candidate that receives majority votes, becomes the president
  44. If no vice presidential candidate wins the majority of Electoral College votes, who or what determines who becomes the president?
    • Decision goes to the sentae
    • Proces:
    • 1) Choose among two candidates
    • 2) Each state has one vote
    • 3) the candidate that receives majority votes, becomes the Vicepresident
  45. Describe the Government Corporation 
    (Organization of the Federal Bureaucrazy)
    • - Do not report to the president
    • - Designed to make money through the sale of services
    • - The largest is the USOS, and AMTRAK
  46. Role of the department secretary and how is choosen?
    • Acts as the president advisor
    • Is appointed by the president, subject to senate confirmation
    • salary 197,400 year
  47. Who is encharge of the department of Housing and URban Development
    • - Manage programs that asist community development.
    • -Help provide affordable housing for loe income families.
    • The secretary today is Julian Castro
  48. What is the department of Homeland security?
    • The responsable for protecting the American people aqnd their homeland
    • Includes vast of agencies from emergency preparedness to immigration
    • Secretary is Jeh johnson

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